What were the reasons for English colonization in America?
• England wanted to establish an American colony to increase her wealth and power.
• England hoped to find silver and gold in America.
• An American settlement would furnish raw materials that could not be grown or obtained in England, while opening new markets for trade.
What were the reasons why the Jamestown settlers came to America?
• Jamestown was primarily an economic venture.
• The stockholders of the Virginia Company of London financed the settlement of Jamestown.
Where is Jamestown located?
When the settlers arrived in 1607, Jamestown was located on a narrow peninsula bordered on three sides by the James River. Today, Jamestown is located on an island in the James River.
Why did the settlers choose the site at Jamestown?
• Instructions told the settlers to go inland and find a suitable place for their colony.
• The location could be easily defended from attack by sea (Spanish).
• The water along the shore was deep enough for ships to dock.
• They believed they had a good supply of fresh water.
Who granted the charters to the Virginia Company of London?
The King of England granted charters to the Virginia Company of London.
What was the importance of the charters of the Virginia Company of London to the Jamestown settlement?
• The charters gave the Virginia Company the right to establish a settlement in North America.
• The first charter of the Virginia Company of London established companies to begin colonies in the New World.
• The charters extended English rights to the colonists
What was this system of government called?
• In 1619, the governor of Virginia called a meeting of the Virginia Assembly.
-The Assembly included two citizen representatives (called "burgesses") from each of the divisions of Virginia, the governor's council, and the governor. (At that time, only adult men were considered citizens.)
• By the 1640s, the burgesses became a separate legislative body, called the Virginia House of Burgesses.
What was the Virginia House of Burgesses, and why was it important?
• The Virginia House of Burgesses was the first elected legislative body in America giving settlers the opportunity to control their own government.
• It became the General Assembly of Virginia, which continues to this day.
What was the impact of the arrival of women on the Jamestown settlement?
• Jamestown became a more diverse colony by 1620.
The arrival of women in 1620 made it possible for the settlers to establish families and a more permanent settlement at Jamestown.
What was the impact of the arrival of Africans on the Jamestown settlement?
• Africans arrived in Jamestown against their will. It is believed that they arrived as baptized Christians and therefore were labeled indentured servants for a period of 5 to 7 years.
• The arrival of Africans made it possible to expand the tobacco economy.
What hardships did the Jamestown settlers face?
• The site they chose to live on was marshy and lacked safe drinking water.
• The settlers lacked some skills necessary to provide for themselves.
• Many settlers died of starvation and disease.
What changes took place to ensure survival?
The arrival of two supply ships, the forced work program and strong leadership of Captain John Smith, and the emphasis on self-sustaining agriculture ensured survival of the colony.
How did the Powhatan people and the English settlers interact?
• Captain John Smith initiated trading relationships with the Powhatans.
• The Powhatan people and the English settlers at Jamestown established trading relationships and for a while had positive interactions.
• The Powhatans traded food, furs, and leather with the English in exchange for tools, pots, guns, and other goods.
• Pocahontas, daughter of Chief Powhatan, believed the English and American Indians (First Americans) could live in harmony.
• Pocahontas began a friendship with the colonists that helped them survive.
• The Powhatans introduced new crops to the English, including corn and tobacco.
Why did the relationship between the Jamestown settlers and the Powhatans change?
The Powhatans saw the colonists as invaders that would take over their land.
How did the native peoples and the English interact?
Captain John Smith initiated trading relationships with the native peoples.
The native peoples contributed to the survival of the Jamestown settlers by:
1) Powhatan, chief of many tribes, provided
leadership to his people and taught
the settlers survival skills
2) Pocahontas, daughter of Powhatan,
served as a contact between the
native peoples and the English.
3) The native peoples showed the settlers
how to plant corn and tobacco.