Module 6 DBA US History


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identify causes for post-World War II prosperity and its effects on American society
the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 allowed worker's to receive an income high enough to place them in the middle class. Now that couples and returning service men and women could afford to have a family, society entered a time called the Baby Boom. With a sudden increase in the population, both the service men pulled into cities for education and training and new families needed places to live. New construction of suburbs began and the need for new roads and highways arose. Eisenhower, who had been an advocate for a new travel system invested in the Interstate Highway System, which helped connect newly built suburbs to cities and allowed for the quick transport of troops during war time.
explain how post-World War II prosperity differed by ethnic group and social class
Post World War II prosperity differed by ethnic groups and social class, because some ethnic groups and social classes weren't doing well after post War II because people back then were highly racist and segregation was everywhere.
explain how the Nuremburg Trials promoted justice post World War II
The Nuremburg Trials established important principles for future conflicts. One of the principles stated that individuals were accountable for their actions during war, meaning that the phrase "I was just obeying orders" would no longer be an acceptable excuse. In addition, the reasoning that both sides in war were equally guilty in killing was not an acceptable excuse either.
analyze the reasons for and the goals of the United Nations
The structure for the organization was based on the four freedoms: speech, assembly, freedom from fear, and freedom from want. This declaration was intended as symbol for hope that living conditions could be improved for all people, no matter where they lived. Many of the articles in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are based on American principles.
analyze the reasons for and the effectiveness of Truman's foreign policy during the early years of the Cold War
The Truman Doctrine stated that the United States would give political, military, and economic support to all democratic nations threatened by authoritarian powers. Along with the Marshall Plan, during the early years of the Cold War, these two policies prevented the spread of communism to countries on the brink of economic collapse. American had saved Western Europe from becoming communist.
analyze the political, social, and economic consequences of the Red Scare
The House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) led the investigations and they began their investigations with the entertainment industry. Numerous famous Hollywood figures came before the HUAC, their trials being held due to the fact that someone had named them a communist. Most of the group found guilty or associated with communism was blacklisted from society. On top of that, the fear caused by the red scare resulted in political conflicts. During the 1946 elections, political candidates used the Red Scare to their advantage. Republicans campaigned against Democrats with slogans such as "Communism vs. Republicanism." One of the most radical politician was Senator Joseph McCarthy who spread fear of communism through false claims against government officials. Truman enforced the Federal Employee Loyalty Program. The FBI ran background checks on millions of federal employees. Any check that found "derogatory" information meant that the employee had to appear at a Loyalty Review Board hearing. However, the FBI rarely allowed its agents to testify. This meant that a federal employee could not ask his or her accuser any questions. Many Americans considered the program a violation of constitutional rights. And of the three million employees investigated, only 300 were fired as security risks. Passed McCarran Act.
examine the effects of improved nuclear technology on the citizens and government of the United States
the federal government sought to prepare its citizens for nuclear warfare through a civil-defense program. "Duck and cover" air raid drills were held in schools and other public facilities.Neither the United States nor the Soviet Union could successfully keep a technological advantage over the other. For this reason, they began an arms race to stockpile weapons. Instead of spending money on troops and more conventional means of warfare, defense dollars were poured into building up a major nuclear arsenal. Scientists also worked on systems to make the weapons' delivery more accurate. A goal for both countries was to create accurate, long-range missiles that could carry thermonuclear weapons. The strategy in the buildup was that the threat of massive nuclear retaliation by either side in a conflict would keep an enemy from attacking.
identify concerns related to nuclear proliferation
With the testing of the hydrogen bomb and the understanding that the fallout from radiation would spread far and wide, much civil defense planning became useless. Still, the government put forth the idea that planning was necessary in order to survive a blast. Many Americans invested in building shelters beneath their homes in case of nuclear war.
understand the causes, course, and consequences of the Korean War
The original plan for Korea, set out by the newly formed United Nations, called for democratic elections to be held in the entire country.
However, by 1948, it was apparent that the communist north and the democratic south were separate regions.At this point, the United States had reduced the number of troops stationed in South Korea. Soviet leader Stalin and the North Koreans viewed the withdrawal as an indication that the United States would not fight to keep South Korea. With support from the Soviet Union, the North Korean army launched a surprise attack on South Korea on June 25, 1950. They quickly took over much of the country.Once the UN decision was approved, President Truman quickly moved American troops stationed in Japan to Korea. Fifteen other nations sent more than half a million troops to support South Korea. South Korea supplied 600,000 soldiers
.The seesaw from south to north and back again had ended in a stalemate. Unfortunately, there were two more years of bloodshed to follow as each side tried to gain an advantage.
Thousands of lives were lost. Families were torn apart, with some ending up on one side of the 38th parallel and some on the other. In June of 1951, the Soviet Union's UN delegate proposed a cease-fire. The fighting continued for much of the next two years. In peace talks afterward, both sides agreed on a cease-fire line where hostilities had stopped. They also created a demilitarized zone (DMZ) which would serve as a buffer between the two nations. In July 1953, they finally signed an armistice that ended the fighting.
identify and analyze the significant foreign policy events surrounding the Korean War
The sudden invasion was the first test of the United Nations and influenced the Truman administration's resolve to expand containment to include Asia. South Korea asked the United Nations to intervene. The UN had two options. It could propose economic sanctions against North Korea, or it could use an international peacekeeping force. Economic sanctions were not effective because the Soviet Union refused to honor them. This left the military option. The decision was made to send a force to Korea. The Soviet Union was boycotting the UN Security Council at that time. As a result, the Soviets were not present to veto the UN's decision.

The decision forced U.S. troops back into action only five years after the end of World War II. However, most Americans supported the use of military force against the communists. After all, this war had come only a year after China had been taken over by communists. Americans feared that the fall of South Korea made it more likely that other Asian nations would become communist. Each would topple its neighbor, like a line of dominoes set up on a table. This belief was given a name—the domino theory.
explain the events that led to the intensification of the Cold War
On that day, the Soviet Union launched a rocket that put the world's first artificial satellite into orbit. "Sputnik 1"For Americans, Sputnik carried a grim message. It went far beyond the prestige the Soviets gained in the eyes of smaller nations that saw it as a communist victory over the West. If they had a rocket that could launch a satellite into orbit, what could stop them from building an ICBM that could deliver a nuclear bomb? Cuban Missile Crisis
analyze how the Cold War affected American foreign policy in the years 1961-1963
It was focused on containing the spread of communism.
analyze the relationship between the U.S. and Cuba during the 1960s
Castro's communist leanings became apparent as he started nationalizing private industry. Relations rapidly soured. When he allowed the Russians to secretly put missiles in Cuba, the crisis came to a head. The Soviets relented and an unsteady peace has been in force since. The US didn't help much with the ill-advised Bay of Pigs invasion.
•understand the causes, course, and consequences of the Vietnam War
The treaty divided Vietnam into two nations: a communist North Vietnam and a non-communist South Vietnam.

The United States thus supported Diem's decision to refuse to hold the elections and used Vietnam's status as a protected territory under SEATO to justify the support. Angry South Vietnamese formed a rebel group called the Vietcong in 1957.
Vietcong fought using guerilla tactics, making it essentially impossible for U.S. troops to engage them in large-scale combat. U.S. napalm and chemical attacks devastated the South Vietnamese countryside. By the end of 1967, nearly 500,000 U.S. troops were in Vietnam, and thousands had died. However, the conflict remained a stalemate.
•identify and analyze the significant foreign policy events surrounding the Vietnam War
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution allowed President Johnson to send 500,000 American troops to Vietnam. This was passed by Congress with only 3 no votes in House and Senate
•explain how the presidents of the 1960s influenced policy on Vietnam
Dwight Eisenhower, president from 1953-1961, sent financial aid to South Vietnam.

John Kennedy, president from 1961-1963, sent military advisers.

Johnson, president from 1963-1969, sent combat troops.

Richard Nixon, president from 1969-1974, escalated it by bombing Cambodia. The war finally ended in 1975.