72 terms

PS 150 Midterm Benedictine College


Terms in this set (...)

Frank Abagnale
Imposter, real-life subject of the movie Catch Me If You Can
Jane Addams
Pioneer social activist, founded Hull House and pacifist, received Nobel Peace Prize in 1931
There were 439,257 adults and adolescents who died of AIDS by the end of 1999 in the US. Another 5,156 Children less than 13 years of age also died in the US. (1999 December 31st)
Major Rudolf Anderson
a U-2 pilot was killed by a Soviet missile during an overflight of Cuba during the crisis. He was at 70,000 feet, taking photographs.
Marian Anderson
was an American contralto and one of the most celebrated singers of the twentieth century. Overcame racism in the music industry
Marshall Applewhite
He convinced 39 followers to commit suicide on March 19, 1997 so that UFOs could take their souls to a higher level.
Lee Atwater
Political operative, famous for cruel, acerbic political ads and rhetoric that set low modern standards for decency. He is also famous for his deathbed apology, as he died of brain cancer.
first form of plastic
Bay of Pigs
known in Latin America as Invasión de Playa Girón, was a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506 on 17 April 1961.
Berlin Air Lift
This was when the Soviets wanted to control all Berlin, so they cut off sources to other parts of Germany for those who belonged to other ruling systems. The Truman Administration brought food and supplies via airlift to the West of Berlin. June, 1948 - September, 1949 as the first great conflict during the Cold War.
Bert the Turtle
The video showing children in school what to do if an alarm for nuclear bombing went off
Bonus Marchers
World War I veterans block the steps of the Capitol on July 5, 1932 because they wanted their money that they invested into the USA while over seas.
John Brinkley
The Goat Gland Doctor, marketed from a 50,000 watt clear channel radio station in Mexico. Marketing genius, scientific fraud of enormous statute. Read this !
Brother Can you spare me a dime (a song)
second most annoying song in the world (about the great depression) Bing Crosby
Rachel Carson
First significant modern environmentalist.
Goodman, Schwerner, and Chaney
Three civil rights workers (2 white and 1 black) were killed by KKK in Mississippi. Their bodies were found buried in an earthen dam on August 4, 1964. (1964 June 21 Dallas TX)
civilization and conservation corps
was a public work relief program that operated from 1933 to 1942 in the United States for unemployed, unmarried men from relief families as part of the New Deal.
clutter family killings
Two ex-convicts kill a couple and their two teenaged children In Cold Blood. Truman Capote turns grisly tale into blockbuster book. (1959 November 15th)
contemporaneous sources
sources that are dated a week prior or post an event
Charles Coughlin
Radio priest with a political agenda.
Cuban Missile Crisis
Russia was in Cuba, and America was fearing an attack from Cuba (Bert the Turtle)
Dorothy Day
was an American journalist, social activist, and Catholic convert
De facto Segregation
Racial segregation, especially in public schools, that happens "by fact" rather than by legal requirement. For example, often the concentration of African-Americans in certain neighborhoods produces neighborhood schools that are predominantly black, or segregated in fact ( de facto ), although not by law
De Jure Segregation
separation enforced by law, while de facto segregation occurs when widespread individual preferences, sometimes backed up with private pressure, lead to separation
domino theory
President Eisenhower spoke at a press conference about the possible effects of the spread of Communism throughout Asia.
eastland disaster
Excursion ships rolls over in Chicago River, killing 844 of its 2,500 passengers (1915 July 24th, Chicago IL)
forget your troubles come on get happy
most annoying song in the world
betty frieden
Died at the age of 85 in 2006. Mother, activist, and author.
Klaus Fuchs
German atomic spy. Convicted in 1950 of supplying information about America, England, and Canada to the Soviet Union
Galveston hurricane
Six thousand died as a great hurricane leveled Galveston, TX. Read the link about the 10 sisters and 90 children who died that day at the St. Mary's Orphan Asylum. (1900 September 8th Galveston TX)
Greenwood Race Riot
Estimated 300 people dead, 10,000 homeless after white citizens of Tulsa rampage through black neighborhood. (1921 May 31st Greenwood, OK)
Ed Gein
Psychopath who killed people and buried them under his house. Legally insane.
Hill Burton Act
U.S. federal law passed in 1946, during the 79th United States Congress. It was sponsored by Senator Harold Burton of Ohio and Senator Lister Hill of Alabama
Willy Horton
an American convicted felon who, while serving a life sentence for murder, was the beneficiary of a Massachusetts weekend furlough program
How We Learn
Samuel Insull
In 1907, all of Chicago's electricity came from his plants. Scam, fled to Europe to avoid prosecution
Dorothea Lang
Photojournalist who created images that defined the century.
Mary Lasker
American health activist and philanthropist. She worked to raise funds for medical research, and founded the Lasker Foundation.
The reason we have free health clinics.
Lily Ledbetter
Worked at Goodyear and suffered sexual harassment and day-to-day discrimination. She testified before Congress in 2007. She sued Goodyear for not paying her as much as men, but didn't win because of the 180 days after her first discriminatory paycheck.
Curtis LeMay
Following tactics pioneered by the British over Germany, LeMay's bombers began firebombing Japanese cities. As the predominant building material in Japan was wood, the incendiary weapons proved very effective, frequently creating firestorms that reduced entire neighborhoods. Striking sixty-four cities between March and August 1945, the raids killed around 330,000 Japanese. Referred to as "Demon LeMay" by the Japanese, his tactics were endorsed by Presidents Roosevelt and Truman as a method for destroying war industry and preventing the need to invade Japan.
Huey Long
American politician from Louisiana. Assassinated
Bernie Madoff
His thieving ways began way back in the 1960s. He ended up creating a $ 50 billion Ponzi scheme that cost thousands of people billions of dollars. He did not get caught until the 21st century, but his crimes stretched through the 20th.
Margin Coals
Malcom X
Black leader Malcolm X shot to death. (1965 February 21st New York NY)
Malcom McLean
an American transport entrepreneur who developed the modern intermodal shipping container
National Recovery Act
law passed by the United States Congress in 1933 to authorize the President to regulate industry in an attempt to raise prices after severe deflation and stimulate economic recovery
1968 Law and Order Nixon
Nixon, positioning himself as the champion of what he called the "silent majority." This was going on during his campaign.
Sandra Day O'Conner
First Woman to serve on the U.S. Supreme Court
Oklahoma City Bombing
Timothy McVeigh, domestic terrorist, kills 168 persons (1995 April 19th)
Lee Harvey Oswald
Presumed assassin of President John F. Kennedy. Was killed during a jailhouse transfer on 24 Nov 1963. (see photo)
Having an excess of means to kill (Being able to kill everyone in the world 20x over)
Frances Perkins
First woman in the Cabinet of an American President. She was Secretary of Labor for FDR.
Port Chicago Disaster
a deadly munitions explosion that occurred on July 17, 1944, at the Port Chicago Naval Magazine in Port Chicago, California, United States.
Post Hoc Sources
any source that is provided more than 2 weeks after the action took place.
Professors Paradigm: its parts
Milo Radulovich
A victim of red scare of the 1950's. In 1953 the air force reserve lieutenant was discharged for alleged communist ties.
Jeanette Rankin
First woman elected (1916) to the U.S. Congress (the House) and pacifist who voted against U.S. entry into World War I (one of 50) and World War II (with Japan, the only dissenting vote)
Jacob Raskob
KCSG was a financial executive and businessman for DuPont and General Motors, and the builder of the Empire State Building
Arch Bishop Joseph Rummel
Rural Electrification Act
Public works project, brought electricity to rural homes & businesses
Serviceman's readjustment act
Kansan Harry Colmery came up with the idea and wrote the 1st draft. By 1956, 7.8 million American GIs had gotten education or job training and 2.4 million got a VA loan to buy a home.
Spanish Flu
Spanish flu killed 675,000 Americans between September, 1918 and April, 1919 First reported in the U.S. in Haskell County, KS in January, 1918
is traditionally defined as a personality disorder characterized by enduring antisocial behavior, diminished empathy and remorse, and disinhibited or bold behavior
October 4th, 1957. Soviets launched this into space. First man made object to orbit earth.
Tennessee Valley Authority
Both a great Depression-era public works project and infrastructure leap forward to provide electricity to the South.
The Jungle (Book)
Upton Sinclair wrote the novel to portray the harsh conditions and exploited lives of immigrants in the United States in Chicago and similar industrialized cities
Emmett Till
Chicago teen, Emmett Till, visiting relatives in MS murdered. All-white jury acquits 2 white men charged. Murder unsolved. (1955 August 28th Money MS)
Mary Beth Tinker
13 year old high school student who protested wearing black armbands to school.
Triangle Shirt Waist Factory
Fire traps and kills 146 of the 500 workers in a Manhattan building. Locked doors and unsafe conditions doomed the women, some as young as 13 or 14 years old. (1911, March 25 NY)
V-1 & V-2 Rockets
They were the space race missiles. Used primarily during World War II and the Cold War.
Voluntarism (Herbert Hoover)
Edith Galt Wilson
First Lady who conducted "stewardship" during President Wilson's recovery from a stroke (October, 1919 for 17 months)-