34 terms

5th Grade History Chapter 5

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Indus Valley
Indian civilization began here
Brahmins
highest caste
outcaste
a person without a caste
Hinduism
India's main religion
calico
a fabric made from cotton
Buddha
Enlightened One
Gandhi
led India's struggle for independence
Vasco de Gama
first European to sail around Africa to reach India
William Carey
Father of Modern Missions
Amy Carmichael
"Rescuer of Indian Children"
Alexander the Great
first to bring cotton cloth to Europe
reincarnation
belief that when someone or something dies its soul is reborn onto some other newborn man or animal
monsoon
seasonal winds that bring rain
Mt. Everest
highest mountain, located in Nepal
India
Second largest in world's population
Asia
Largest continent
Australia
smallest continent
globe
map in the shape of a sphere
latitude
lines used to measure distances north or south of the equator
Caspian Sea
world's largest lake
Himalayas
worlds highest mountain system
Nile
world's longest river
Volga
Europe's longest river
diameter of the earth
8,000 miles
circumference of the earth
25,000
India's largest city
Mumbai (Bombay)
dynasty
line of rulers all in the same family
nirvanna
Buddhists call the state of being from suffering
Aryans
group of people that invaded India from the north and developed a caste system
Nehru
India's first prime minister
Taj Mahal
built as a tomb for his favorite wife
Ganges
one of India's major rivers
Bangladesh
this country was once a called East Pakistan
place value system
one important math principal developed in India
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