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Chapter 8: African Civilization and the Spread of Islam
Vocab for chapter 8
Terms in this set (32)
Societies of varying sizes organized through kinship and lacking the concentration of power found in centralized states.
Arabic term for western North Africa.
A puritanical Islamic reform movement among the Berbers of northwest Africa; built an empire reaching from the African savanna into Spain.
A later puritanical Islamic reform movement among the Berbers of northwest Africa; also built an empire reaching from the African savanna into Spain.
A Christian kingdom in the highlands of eastern Africa.
Thirteenth century Ethiopian ruler; built great rock churches.
The extensive grassland belt at the southern edge of the Sahara; an exchange region between the forests to the south and North Africa.
States trading to North Africa and mixing Islamic and indigenous ways.
State of the Malinke people centered between the Senegal and Niger rivers.
Malinke merchants who traded throughout the Mali empire and West Africa.
Title of the ruler of Mali.
Made a pilgrimage to Mecca during the 14th century that became legendary because of the wealth distributed along the way.
An architect who returned with Kankan Musa to Mali; created a distinctive Sudanic architecture utilizing beaten clay.
Created a unified state that became the Mali empire; died in 1260.
Professional oral historians who served as keepers of traditions and advisors to kings.
Niger River port city of Mali; had a famous Muslim university.
Successor state to Mali; dominated middle reaches of the Niger valley; capital at Gao.
Extended the boundaries of Songhay in the mid-16th century.
States, such as Kano, among the Hausa of northern Nigeria; combined Islamic and indigenous beliefs.
Arabic term for the people and coast of East Africa.
East African trading ports
Urbanized commercial centers mixing African and Arab cultures; included Mogadishu, Mombasa, Malindi, Kilwa, Pate, and Zanzibar.
Muslim traveler who described African societies and cultures.
The change from slow to rapid population growth; often associated with industrialization; occurred first in Europe and is more characteristic of the "developed world".
Central Nigerian culture with a highly developed art style flourishing between 500 B.C.E. and 200 C.E.
Highly urbanized Nigerian agriculturalists organized into small city-states, as Oyo, under the authority of regional divine kings presiding over elaborate courts.
The holiest Yoruba city; created terra-cotta and bronze portrait heads that rank among the greatest achievements of African art.
Nigerian city-state formed by the Edo people during the fourteenth century; famous for its bronze art work.
Peoples, in Katanga; created a form of divine kingship where the ruler had powers ensuring fertility of people and crops.
Large agricultural state on the lower Congo River; capital at Mbanza Congo.
Central African royal stone courts.
With massive stone buildings and walls, incorporates the greatest early buildings in sub-Saharan Africa.
Ruler of Great Zimbabwe; controlled a large territory reaching to the Indian Ocean.
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