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43 terms

Medical Terminology: Chapter 10

The Urinary System
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Albuminuria
Presence of serum protein in the urine
Anuria
Without the formation of urine
Bacteriuria
Persence of bacteria in the urine
Calulus
A pebble; any abnormal concretion (stone)
Cystectomy
Surgical excision of the bladder or part of the bladder
Cystocele
Hernia of the bladder that protrudes into the vagina
Diuresis
A condition of increased or excessive flow of urine
Dysuria
Difficult or painful urination
Edema
An abnormal condition in which the body tissues contain an accumulation of fluid
Enuresis
A condition of involuntary emission of urine; bedwetting
Extracorporeal Shock-Wave Lithotriptor
A device used to crush kidney stones
Glomercular
Pertaining to the glomerulus
Hemodialysis
The use of an artificial kidney to seperate waster from the blood
Hydrophrosis
A condition in which urine collects in the renal pelvis because of an obstructed outflow
Incontinence
Inability to hold urine
Interstitial Cystitis
A chronically irritable and painful inflammation of the bladder wall
Ketonuria
Persence of ketones in the urine
Lithotrispy
The crushing of a kidney stone
Meatotomy
Incision of the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening
Meatus
An opening or passage; the external opening of the urethra
Micturition
The process of urination
Nephrectomy
Surgical excision of a kidney
Nephron
The structural and functional unit of the kidney
Nocturia
Excessive urination during the night
Ollguria
Scanty urination
Renal
Pertaining to the kidney
Pyuria
Pus in the urine
Periurethral
Pertaining to around the urethra
Polyuria
Excessive urination
Pyelocystitis
Inflammation of the bladder and renal pelvis
Renin
An enzyme produced by the kidney
Renal Transplant
Surgical procedure to implant a donor kidney to a recipient
Renal Failure
Cessation of proper functioning of the kidney
Renal Colic
An acute pain the occurs in the kidney and is caused by blockage during the passage of a stone
Residual Urine
Urine that is left in the bladder after urination
Sediment
The substance that settles at the bottom of a liquid; a precipitate
Specimen
A sample of tissue, blood, urine, or other material intended to show the nature of the whole
Tirgonitis
Inflammation of the trigone of the bladder
Urea
The chief nitrogenous constituent of urine
Urenia
A condition of excess urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood
Void
To empty the bladder
Urobilin
A brown pigment formed by the oxidation of urobilinogen; may be formed in the urine after exposure to air
Urochrome
The pigment that gives urine the normal yellow color