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an imaginary line around the Earth parallel to the equator


an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles at right angles to the equator

Absolute location

The exact spot on earth where something is found(Niamey, the capital of niger, is located at 13 degrees 31' north latitude and 2 degrees 7' east longitude)

Relative location

The postion of a place in relation to other places(Yosemite National park is located north of los angeles, California, and east of San Francisco, California)


can be described by physical characteristics including, weather, land features, plants, animals also by human features including, culture and ideas

Human-Environment Interaction

people either adapt to their environment or they change it


people meet their needs either by traveling to other places or by trading with people in other places


an area that can be defined by common characteristics


a complete spin on the earths axis (represents one day)


orbits around the earth a time 365 1/4 days (represents one year)


The tilt of the earths axis always facing the north star, canbe dark all day or light all day depending on the tilt and location


either of two times of the year when the sun crosses the plane of the earth's equator and day and night are of equal length


either of the two times of the year when the sun is at its greatest distance from the celestial equator

Characteristics of water

can exist as a liquid, gas, or solid can desolve almost anything over a period of time heats slowly and cools slowly compaired to to most of earths materials

rock weathering

the process of breaking up rock very slow and almost impossible to detect

Water Weathering

Most powerful form of erosion and transportation

Glaciers Weathering

Biggest change in land erosion, think sheet of ice

Wind Weathering

have the biggest affect where plants are holding soil together

Three types of plate boundaries

Convergent Boundaries, Transform Boundaries, Divergent Boundaries


weather conditions in an area average over a long peried of time


the conditions of the atmosphere at a given place and time


the first and smallest streams to form from the run off of precipitation flowing down the slopes of hills and mountains


A rock layer though which groundwater flows easily


an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries


a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or river


a narrow neck of land that acts as a bridge to connect two larger bodies of land


a narrow deep inlet of the sea between high, rocky cliffs created by glaciers


a feature of earths crust created by the bending of rock layers


a feature of earths crust created by the breaking and movement of rock layers below the surface


small particals of mud sand or gravel created by rock weathering


the process in which a tectonic plate collides with and dives under another tectonic plate


an elevated flat land


a landform on level ground built by sediment deposited by river or stream


the process in which manufacturing based on machine power becomes wide spread in an area


a growth in the population of people living in towns and cities


the study that emphasizes statistics to look at human population distribution, population density and trends in population


facilities and structures such as roads, bridges and power plants, that are needed to build industries and move goods in and out of a country

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