How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

59 terms

PSY2012 Chapter 14 Social Psychology

Drawn from my own notes and: Aronson, E., Wilson, T. D., & Akert, R. M. (2010). Social Psychology (7th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall
STUDY
PLAY
us and them
Three social roots of prejudice: 1) social inequality, 2) ___________, 3) emotional scapegoating.
role
A set of expectations about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave.
conformity
Adjusting our behavior or thinking to coincide with a real or imagined group standard.
categorizing which leads to stereotyping
Three cognitive roots of prejudice: 1) ___________, 2) remembering vivid cases, 3) believing the world is just.
informational
Social influence resulting from providing
more
More or less: odds of us helping someone when the person appears to need and deserve help.
superordinate goals
Shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation.
mere exposure effect
The phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them.
group has at least three people
Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) one feels insecure, 2) _____________, 3) group is unanimous, 4) One admires the group, 5) one has no prior commitment to a response, 6) group is watching, 7) less individualistic society.
Festinger
Last name of the person who developed the theory of cognitive dissonance.
normative
Social influence resulting from a person's desire to gain approval or avoid rejection.
ingroup
"Us" - people with whom we share a common identity.
less
More or less: odds of us helping someone when we are not feeling guilty.
65
Percent of subjects who obeyed authority in Milgram's experiments
mirror image perceptions
Mutual views of each other often held by people in conflict.
attitudes
Feelings, often based on our beliefs that predispose us to respond in a particular way to objects, people and events.
more
More or less: odds of us helping someone when we have just observed someone else being helpful.
beliefs, emotions, predispositions to action
Three parts of prejudice.
frustration-aggression principle
The principle that frustration-the blocking of an attempt to achieve some goal-creates anger, which can generate aggression
more
More or less: odds of us helping someone when we are in a good mood.
less individualistic society
Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) one feels insecure, 2) group has at least three people, 3) group is unanimous, 4) One admires the group, 5) one has no prior commitment to a response, 6) group is watching, 7) _____________.
emotional scapegoating
Three social roots of prejudice: 1) social inequality, 2) us and them, 3) ___________.
bystander effect
The tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present
social script
Culturally modeled guide for how to act in various situations.
group is watching
Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) one feels insecure, 2) group has at least three people, 3) group is unanimous, 4) One admires the group, 5) one has no prior commitment to a response, 6) _____________, 7) less individualistic society.
you have no prior commitment to a response
Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) one feels insecure, 2) group has at least three people, 3) group is unanimous, 4) you admire the group, 5) _____________, 6) group is watching, 7) less individualistic society.
one feels insecure
Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) _____________, 2) group has at least three people, 3) group is unanimous, 4) One admires the group, 5) one has no prior commitment to a response, 6) group is watching, 7) less individualistic society.
group polarization
The enhancement of a group's prevailing inclinations through discussions within the group.
equity
Condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give.
prejudice
An unjustifiable and usually negative attitude toward a group and its members. It generally involves stereotyped beliefs, negative feelings, and a predisposition to discriminatory action.
social loafing
The tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts toward attaining a common goal than when individually accountable.
altruism
Unselfish regard for the welfare of others.
social facilitation
Stronger responses on simple or well-learned tasks in the presence of others.
group is unanimous
Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) one feels insecure, 2) group has at least three people, 3) _____________, 4) One admires the group, 5) one has no prior commitment to a response, 6) group is watching, 7) less individualistic society.
more
More or less: odds of us helping someone when we are focused on others and not preoccupied.
physical attraction
Three psychological factors in attraction: 1) proximity, 2) ___________, 3) similarity.
Similarity
Three psychological factors in attraction: 1) proximity, 2) physical attraction, 3) ___________.
you admire the group
Seven conditions that strengthen conformity: 1) one feels insecure, 2) group has at least three people, 3) group is unanimous, 4) _____________, 5) one has no prior commitment to a response, 6) group is watching, 7) less individualistic society.
remembering vivid cases
Three cognitive roots of prejudice: 1) categorizing which leads to stereotyping, 2) ___________, 3) believing the world is just.
fundamental attribution error
The tendency, when analyzing another's behavior, to overestimate the influence of personal traits and underestimate the effects of the situation.
Conflict
A perceived incompatibility of actions, goals or ideas.
social inequality
Three social roots of prejudice: 1) ___________, 2) us and them, 3) emotional scapegoating.
less
More or less: odds of us helping someone when the person is a man
cognitive dissonance
The theory that we act to reduce the discomfort we feel when two of our thought s clash, such as when our attitudes and actions don't match.
stereotype
A generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized) belief about a group of people.
deindividuation
The loss of self-awareness and self-restraint occurring in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity
just-world phenomenon
The tendency of people to believe the world is just and that people therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get.
foot-in-the-door phenomenon
The tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request.
believing the world is just
Three cognitive roots of prejudice: 1) categorizing which leads to stereotyping, 2) remembering vivid cases, 3) ___________.
ingroup bias
The tendency to favor our own group.
less
More or less: odds of us helping someone when we are in a hurry.
Proximity
Three psychological factors in attraction: 1) ___________, 2) physical attraction, 3) similarity.
more
More or less: odds of us helping someone when we are in a small town or rural area.
outgroup
"them" - those perceived as different or apart from our group.
Stanley Milgrim
Who designed the study that investigates the effects of authority on obedience?
more
More or less: odds of us helping someone when the person is a woman.
discrimination
Unjustifiable negative behavior toward a group and its members.
just world phenomenon
The tendency of people to believe the world is just, and people get what they deserve and deserve what they get.
less
More or less: odds of us helping someone when the person is in some way not similar to us.