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Theology 4 Chapter 1
Terms in this set (26)
"the type of justice that deals with relationships between persons and private social groups "
"regulates what a society owes its members in proportion to what they need and what they contribute."
"involves citizens' responsibilities to society."
"applies the Gospel message of Jesus Christ to the structures, systems, and laws of society in order to guarantee the rights of individuals."
"Giving God and your neighbor their due"
"the sum total of social conditions which allow people, either as groups or as individuals, to reach their fulfillment more fully and more easily"
"includes attitudes, actions, and structures that foster unjust treatment."
"the theological virtue of love for God and neighbor."
"that which is written into the very nature of humanity and established by reason so that all men and women can come to know it without any special external revelation, though natural law ultimately comes from God. "
Catholic Social Teaching
"The churches social doctrine, which is articulated as she interprets events in the course of history, with the assistance of the Holy Spirit, in the light of the truth of divine revelation"
An economic and political system where industry is controlled by private owners
Social-economic system based on the common ownership of the means of production and the exchange of wealth
A social or political system in which all economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian government dominated by a single political party
Document written by pope Leo in 1891 about the dangers of Marxism and capitalism
although people have different talents, all have the same fundamental dignity as God's children, made in his image and likeness.
The moral Principle that large corporations or governments should not interfere with, or take over,responsibilities that can be administered by individuals and local organizations, but should rather support them, always with a focus on the common good
7 Catholic Social Themes
(Look in book)
A document written by a local bishop or region of bishops addressing an issue of spiritual, liturgical, or social concern
A letter from the Pope to the world addressing issues of justice, human rights, and peace
Life and dignity of the human person
"A person in every stage of human life—womb to tomb—is precious and worthy of respect and protection. Unless human life is treated as sacred and respected as such, there is no way for a society to be just. "Every person, from the moment of conception to natural death, has inherent dignity and a right to life consistent with that dignity"
Call to family community and participation
"This principle states: "In a global culture driven by excessive individualism, our tradition proclaims that the person is not only sacred but social. . . . The family is the central social institution that must be supported and strengthened, not undermined. . . . We believe people have a right and duty to participate in society, seeking together the common good and well-being of all" (Sharing, 4-5).
Related to this principle, governments must guarantee and protect human life and dignity and promote the common good and well-being of all citizens, especially the poor and weak of society."
Rights and responsibilities
"The Catholic tradition teaches that human dignity can be protected and a healthy community can be achieved only if human rights are protected and responsibilities are met" (Sharing, 5). The essential fundamental right is the right to life—the right that makes all other rights possible. Every person also has a right to the necessities that make for human decency—religion and family life, food and shelter, education and a job, and health care. Rights have corresponding responsibilities to family members, to friends and neighbors, and to the larger society."
Option for the poor and vulnerable
"Jesus taught in the parable of the Last Judgment (see Mt 25:31-46) that the needs of the poor and vulnerable must come first. Why? The principle of the common good and an authentic response to our Christian vocation requires that the poor must be protected, or society will fragment and all will suffer. The poor and vulnerable person, as a brother or sister, is Christ in disguise; all people deserve respect, the protection of their rights, and the ability to participate and to share in God's good creation. In other words, they deserve justice. The most basic test of the justness of a society is the answer to this question: "How are our most vulnerable members doing?"
The dignity of work and the rights of workers
"Work helps people to make a living so that they might participate in the life that God has given them. The purpose of the economy is to serve the people, not the other way around. The dignity of work is safeguarded when workers' rights are respected. These rights include having productive work, decent and fair wages, union participation, private property, and economic initiative. "Respecting these rights promotes an economy that protects human life, defends human rights, and advances the well-being of all" (Sharing, 5).
"Catholic teaching requires a commitment to the common good—the good of each and every person. Why? "Because we are all really responsible for all," St. John Paul II explained in Sollicitudo Rei Socialis ("On Social Concern"). All people are members of the same human family (SRS, §38). Therefore, the principle of solidarity helps to remind you and everyone else "that we are our brothers' and sisters' keepers, wherever they live. . . . 'Loving our neighbor' has global dimensions in an interdependent world" (Sharing, 5). Also, the principle of solidarity requires all people to work for peace and justice in a world marked by violence and war"
Care for God's creation
"Care for God's creation, or stewardship, refers to the proper use of the gifts God has given to humankind, in particular, the care for creation that will allow the earth and its resources to flourish and be long-lasting. The document states: "We are called to protect people and the planet, living our faith in relationship with all of God's creation" (Sharing, 6). In short, you can show respect for God by being good stewards of the earth."
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