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LECOM Bradenton One-Liners Anatomy - Abdomen

Dermatome to umbilical area


Dermatome to suprapubic area


Vertebral level associated with origin of celiac artery


Vertebral level associated with origin of SMA


Vertebral level associated with origin of renal arteries


Vertebral level associated with origin of gonadal arteries


Vertebral level associated with origin of IMA


Vertebral level of umbilicus

Disc L3-4

Vertebral level of aortic bifurcation


Vertebral level for formation of IVC


Spinal levels to muscles of anterior abdominal wall

T7 - L1

Structure that forms superficial inguinal ring

Aponeurosis of external oblique

Structure that forms deep inguinal ring

Transversalis fascia

Structure that forms floor of inguinal canal

Inguinal ligament

Bony attachments of inguinal ligament

ASIS and pubic tubercle

Structures that form conjoint tendon

Internal oblique and transversus abdominis

Abdominal layer continuous with external spermatic fascia

External oblique

Abdominal layer continuous with cremasteric fascia

Internal oblique

Abdominal layer continuous with internal spermatic fascia

Transversalis fascia

Structure that lies between protrusion sites of direct and indirect inguinal hernias

Inferior epigastric vessels

Type of hernia that enters deep inguinal ring

Indirect inguinal

Most common type of hernia

Indirect inguinal

Most common side for indirect inguinal hernia


Type of hernia that protrudes through Hesselbach's triangle

Direct inguinal

Boundaries of Hesselbach's triangle

Inguinal ligament, rectus abdominis, inferior epigastric artery and vein

Type of hernia that traverses both deep and superficial rings

Indirect inguinal

Condition in which fluid accumulates in processus vaginalis


Communication between greater and lesser sacs

Epiploic foramen

Superior border of epiploic foramen

Caudate lobe of liver

Inferior border of epiploic foramen

Part one of duodenum

Posterior border of epiploic foramen


Ligament that contains portal vein, hepatic artery and bile duct

Hepatoduodenal (lesser omentum)

Structure that limits spread of ascitic fluid superiorly from left paracolic gutter

Phrenicocolic ligament

Structure that limits spread of ascitic fluid inferiorly from right infracoliccompartment

Root of the mesentery

Superior extent of right paracolic gutter

Hepatorenal recess

Most inferior portion of peritoneal cavity in females

Rectouterine pouch

Structures supplied by celiac artery

Stomach, duodenum, liver, spleen,gallbladder, pancreas

Branches of celiac artery

Left gastric, common hepatic and splenic

Blood supply to stomach

Right and left gastroepiploics right, left and short gastrics

Major structures of bed of stomach

Pancreas, spleen, left kidney and uprarenal gland, diaphragm

Ducts that join to form common bile duct

Cystic and common hepatic

Structure that separates right and left lobes of liver

Falciform ligament

Remnant of umbilical vein

Round ligament of liver

Origin of cystic artery

Right hepatic artery

Ribs directly related to spleen

Ribs 9-11 (left)

Organs related to spleen

Stomach, colon, left suprarenal gland, diaphragm

Artery to small intestine


Organs supplied by both celiac and SMA

Duodenum, pancreas

Organ supplied by both SMA and IMA

Transverse colon

Vessel located posterior to head of pancreas


Vessel located posterior to neck of pancreas

Portal vein

Veins that unite to form portal vein

Splenic and SMV

Clinically important organs for portacaval anastomoses

Esophagus, rectum, liver, spleen

Two structures that lie posterior to SMA near its origin

Left renal vein, duodenum

Three distinguishing features of the large intestine

Tenia coli, haustra, epiploic appendages

Termination of left ovarian/testicular vein

Left renal vein

Termination of right ovarian/testicular vein

Inferior vena cava

Location of initial pain of appendicitis

Umbilical region

Motor innervation of diaphragm


Sensory innervation of diaphragm

Phrenic + intercostal

Spinal levels of phrenic nerve


Vertebral level that inferior vena cava traverses diaphragm


Vertebral level that esophagus traverses diaphragm


Structures that traverse diaphragm with esophagus

Vagal trunks

Vertebral level that aorta traverses diaphragm


Structure that traverses diaphragm with aorta

Thoracic duct

Structures that traverses diaphragm through crura

Greater, lesser and least splanchnic nerves

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