Terms in this set (131)
What is the KOF index made up of?
Economics, restrictions on trade, political, social, cultural
What does the KOF index measure?
The degree of globalisation
What is not effective about the KOF index?
Some aspects of it are not necessarily relevant eg) TV owners and UN membership.
Two types of transport affected by the space/time convergence
Modern steel refrigeration ships capacity?
10,000 tons of cargo
Modern steel refrigeration ships speed?
Rowed and sail boats speed?
Rowed and sail boats capacity?
Steam or diesel sail ships speed?
Steam or diesel sail ships capacity?
up to 32m long
First flight was in what year?
Speed of first flight?
Capacity of first flight?
WW1 bombers used for commercial flights speed?
WW1 bombers used for commercial flights capacity?
First commercial flights in what year?
Speed of first commercial planes?
Capacity of first commercial planes?
416 passengers, 500,000 pounds of cargo
Speed of the Airbus A380
Cruises at 900mph
Capacity of the airbus A380
800 people, 321m^2 of cargo
Extension of networks = what network?
% of people online
How many internet users worldwide
How many emails sent per day?
How many google searches per day?
Increase in internet use...
31% increase in USA, Canada, Eastern Europe, Western Europe, Scandinavia, Oceania
25% increase in South America, China, Eastern Asia
6-10% increase in Africa, South West Asia and the Middle East.
In 1999 the largest number of cabled links was between where?
Europe and the USA
In 1999 there were less dense links from the USA to where?
The pacific ring excluding South America
How many broadband users in 1999?
When was the internet network greatly extended?
How many internet subscribers in 2008?
Reasons for the spread of the internet...
Technology, Investment, Lower cost of technology, increasing number of uses, government policy
Roles of the internet in civil society...
Social+ Political uprising, social networking, entertainment, philanthropy, greater flow of knowledge and ideas around the world, consumerism.
NZ's internet use
In 2002, NZ was 8th in the world for the number of internet users per 1000 population
NZ compared to the pacific internet compared to the pacific
NZ in the most digitally connected in the pacific ring with 85.4% internet penetration.
% of NZ-ers who use social networking sites
Loans, Debt repayment, Development aid, Remittances, Foreign Direct Investment, Profit repatriation
When was the HIPC formed?
How many countries are in the HIPC
When was the MDRI founded?
How much was contributed by the HIPC to the World Bank, IMF and African Development fund by the MDRI
US $40 billion
How much was each country encouraged to give for development aid?
0.7% of their GDP
What financial flow exceed aid?
How much more remittances than aid is there in latin america and the pacific
How much is America in Debt
Labour flow example:
Mexico to the USA
TV+film, Gaming, Education, communication.
Example for degradation through raw material production
Problems with Agro-Industrialisation
Monoculture, Increased inputs, Eutrophication, Invasive alien species, Genetically modified organisms
When were genetically modified organisms first present?
What is eutrophication?
When human activity cause pollution of waterways and overstimulates ecosystem productivity.
Environmental consequences of increased demand for a raw material example?
Four parts of environmental consequences of increased demand for a raw material?
Exploration/Discovery, Transport, Use, Conflict
When did Exxon Mobile stop using seismic exploration techniques and why?
2008, because 100 whales breached themselves.
How many people died and were injured in the BP deepwater horizons drilling disaster?
11 died, 17 injured
How much oil was lost in the BP deepwater horizons disaster and for how long?
780,000m^3 of oil flowed for 3 months.
What company caused the spill in Prince Williams Sound, Alaska?
When did the oil spill in Prince William Sound occur?
How much oil spilled into Prince William Sound?
260,000 to 750,000 barrels
Pipeline disaster example...
Trans-Alaska Pipeline System
Impact of pipeline disaster...
In June 2012 between 1000 and 3000 barrels of oil spilled into the nearby environment of Jackson's creek.
Motor vehicles are responsible for what amount of USA's CO2 emissions
Getting rid of oilfield waste...
1 trillion tonnes of oilfield waste is injected into deep wells every year in addition to the 3 billion tones of oil and gas waste generated through exploration and production in the USA.
1 Gallon of oil improperly disposed of has what effect?
It contaminates 1 million gallons of fresh water/the water supply of 30 people each year.
Conflict with Oil example...
Kuwait Oil Fires 1991
How much oil was lost in the Kuwait oil fires?
6 million barrels per day
How much of the suns radiation was absorbed by the smoke following the Kuwait Oil fires?
When did the Gulf War occur?
How big was the largest spill into the Persian Gulf during the Gulf War?
8 million US Barrels, reaching an area of 101 x 42 miles which was 5 inches deep
How was the oil spill in the Persian Gulf cleared?
Half of the oil evaporated, 1 million barrels were recovered and 2-3 million barrels washed ashore to Saudi Arabia where it was not cleaned up.
What percentage of global warming results from airplane travel?
How much more efficient are airplanes than they used to be?
Impacts of Air travel caused by...
Contrail, Ozone, Carbon Dioxide
How much of aviation's impact do contrails account for?
Impact of night flights
Although only one in four flights are night flights they account for 60-80% of warming attributed to contrails
Winter flights contribute how much to global warming despite being only what % of travel?
50% and are only 20% of travel.
Impacts of TNC's moving to LEDC's
E waste, Manufacturing
How much of world-wide E waste goes to Ghana?
How much of USA's e-waste goes to Ghana?
Responses to Acid Rain?
Wet Scrubbers, Catcons
When and where was greenpeace founded?
How many countries is greenpeace in?
How many members are there of greenpeace?
How many member of WWF
Aspects of urban landscape that are the same...
Architecture, Infrastructure, Modern Technology
Two commodities which have been adopted around the world?
Coca Cola, McDonald's
Why has McDonald's spread?
Want of convenience, Westernization of cultures, Urbanization, Increased mobility, Media
What % of people in MEDC's live in urban areas?
What % of people in LEDC's live in urban areas?
Socio-cultural integration disporia example...
Scottish in NZ
Impact of cultural diffusion on indigenous culture example...
Dani people of the Irian Jaya
Three phases of impact on Dani people...
Pre-contact, Missionary contact, Indonesian Government
Agents of cultural imperialism...
Migration, tourism, film, social networking, TNC manufacturing
4 things that make the world more homogenized...
TNC stores, government, financial institutions, technological change
Processes which make the world more homogenized...
Aid, Advertising, Adaption, Imitation, Imperialism, Intervention, Capitalism, Spread of Communication Technology.
Does a nation state have sovereignty?
Why has loss of sovereignty occurred?
The increased power of TNC's, Nations entering into economic agreements between themselves.
How many people are employed by TNC's?
What amount of trade is made up of internal transfers of TNC's?
What groups make up the European Union?
The European, Commission, The council of the European union, the European Council, THe Court of Justice of the European Union, The European Central bank, The European Parliament
Policy of the EU that acts across national boundaries?
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)
What percentage of the EU's budget does the CAP represent?
General Electric has a GDP bigger than what country with what ranking?
NZ, 52nd in the world
Pepsi has a GDP bigger than what country with what ranking?
Oman, 69th in the world
Walmart has a GDP bigger than what country with what ranking?
Norway, 25th in the world
What amount of the largest 100 TNC's are from industrialized countries
Why is nationalism is making a comeback?
Berlin Wall came down, Individual identities, Klan membership ( eg NZ maori)
Example of resurgence of Nationalism?
When did Turkey become a nation state?
What is the ruling system of Turkey?
Democratic secular muslim country
When did the Turkish Government sponsor attacks on foreigners and how many protestors were involved?
1955, 100 000 protestors
When did the Armenian genocide occur?
When were turkish people who researched the armenian genocide called traitors?
What is the final Turkish show of nationalism?
Uproar against application to join the EU.
Processes which allow glocalisation to occur...
Relativism, Emulation, Interpretation
Examples of glocalization in Corporate businesses...
Kit Kat and Electrolux
Factors affecting adoption of globalisation...
Isolation, Resistance to change, Political adgendas, Wealth.
Example of globalisation in local commerical activity...
Responses to globalisation...
Adoption, Adaption, Rejection ( baby analogy)
Organisation which protest globalisation...
Amnesty International, World Social Forum
When was the Copenhagen climate change conference where protestors marched against climate change and how many protestors were there?
2009, 100 000 protestors
How many NGO's were participated in in 1960 and 1990
122 , 500
Example of a Non-globalised country...
What organisations support indigenous cultures?
Ngai Tahu, Youth Horizons NZ, Toi Maori
What is the policy of self reliance in North Korea called?
What % of North Koreas GDP is spent on Heathcare, giving it what ranking?
2%, 189th in the world
What is the GDP growth rate in North Korea and what ranking does this give it?
4%, 96th in the world
What is North Koreas GDP, what ranking does this give it?
US$1800, 194th in the world
How many internet hosts are there in North Korea and what ranking does this give it?
7, 225th in the world.