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Christ sends Holy Spirit ten days after Ascension


St. Paul's teacher in Jewish law

4 marks of the Church

One, Holy, Catholic, Apostolic

St. Stephen

First "Apostle" Martyred

Definition of apostle

"one who is sent"

Cornerstone of the Church

Jesus Christ

Rock of the Church

St. Peter

2 components of the history of the Church

Christ's constant presence, and how it interfaces with human history

Prophets who first recognized Christ

Anna and Simeon

Massacre of the first martyrs for the Christian faith

Slaughter of the Innocents

Inaugeral event of Christ's public ministry

Baptism in the Jordan

New Law is based on

mercy and love

Result of Pentecost

Apostles preached with great authority and power, and were given gift of tongues.

Groundwork for the Church

Covenant between God and Jewish people

Successors of the Apostles

The Bishops

Role of early deacons

care for material needs of the Church

First witnesses of Christ's life, message, Resurrection; pillars of the Church


City Paul was traveling to when he met Christ



helped Paul regain sight, faith.

Held to decide whether Gentiles should observe Jewish law as well as Church law

Council of Jerusalem

Advantages of infant baptism

Original sin is removed, child can receive God's grace, parents committed to raising child as Catholic

Early Masses celebrated in...

private homes/catacombs

Refers to Divine authority given by Christ to the Pope to govern the Church

"Vicar of Christ"

Authentic interpreter of Sacred Scripture

Church, with guidance of Holy Spirit

Value of episcopacy

Bishops entrusted with sacremental work, as well as sheparding and guardianship of Christ's flock.

How was money held in early Christian community?

In common with one another

Sts. Linus and Ana Cletus were both

former slaves

Definition of martyrs


Christianity is referred to as "The Way" in:

Acts 9:2 and 19:9

Nero set fire to Rome to

seize property and build a big palace

Hadrian's Rescript

Christians are only tried for actual crimes

Trajan's Rescript

Anonymous denunciations of Christians not accepted

Septimus Severus threatened

Judaism and Christianity

Definition of ad metalla

to the metal mines

Two most famous female victims of Septimus Severus

Sts. Perpetua and Felicity

St. Irenaeus

Important leader in Gaul

Edict of Milan (313)

Declared Christianity legal

Pope has power to

start, change, end Ecumenical Councils.

Gnostics held firmly to a form of


Church Fathers' characteristics

Orthodoxy, holiness, notoriety, antiquity, and approved by the Church.

Hypostatic Union (451)

description of two natures of Jesus Christ (human and divine)


absolute truth, must be accepted.

Tolle et lege

"Take and read"

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