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31 terms

Comparing Ionic, Metallic and Covalent Bonds

characteristics of ionic, metallic and covalent bonds and compounds. One side has the characteristic; the other side has the bond/compound type
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Has an empirical formula
Ionic bond
Has a molecular formula
Covalent bond
Transfers electrons
Ionic bond
Forms ions
Ionic bond
Held together by electrostatic force
Ionic bond
Has high melting point
Ionic compound
Has high boiling point
Ionic compound
Good conductor of heat and electricity
Ionic compound
metals lose electrons and form cations
Ionic bond
non-metals gain electrons and form anions
Ionic bond
Metal and Non-metal combines
Ionic bond
forms "salts"
Ionic bond
form giant crystalline lattice solids
Ionic bond
formed from non-metals only
Covalent bonds
share electrons
Covalent bonds
held together by mutual attraction for electrons
Covalent bonds
form molecules
Covalent bonds
Have molecular formulas
Covalent bonds
Have low melting points
Covalent compounds
Have low boiling points
Covalent compounds
Non-aqueous solutions do NOT conduct electricity
Covalent compounds
formed from metals
metallic bond
cations held together by sea of mobile valence electrons
metallic bonds
ductile
Metallic compounds
malleable
Metallic compounds
form compact arrangement and orderly patterned crystals
Metallic compounds
shiny/luster
Metallic compounds
Water is a common example
Covalent compound
sodium chloride (table salt) is a common example
Ionic compound
sugar is a common example
Covalent compound
Compound may be solid, liquid or gas at room temperature.
Covalent compound