a fertile region in southwestern Asia that includes the region of Mesopotamia
land between rivers
a city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
a series of rulers from the same family
the spreading, mixing, and changing of cultures
belief in multiple Gods
a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
a marshy region formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of a river
a king who is thought to have unified Egypt
a king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader
government by divine power or priests
huge stone structure built by the ancient Egyptians to serve as a tomb
the preservation of the dead
a system of writing using symbols or pictures
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
a large landmass that forms a distinct part of a continent
An ancient civilization that developed along the Indus River.
a fertile deposit of windblown soil
bone used by priests in Shang China to predict the future
Mandate of Heaven
divine right to rule
describes the pattern of the rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties
system in which poor people are legally bound to work for wealthy landowners
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