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McDougal Littell World History Chapter 2 Vocab

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Fertile Crescent
a fertile region in southwestern Asia that includes the region of Mesopotamia
Mesopotamia
land between rivers
city-state
a city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
dynasty
a series of rulers from the same family
cultural diffusion
the spreading, mixing, and changing of cultures
polytheism
belief in multiple Gods
empire
a group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
Hammurabi
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
delta
a marshy region formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of a river
Narmer
a king who is thought to have unified Egypt
pharaoh
a king of ancient Egypt, considered a god as well as a political and military leader
theocracy
government by divine power or priests
pyramid
huge stone structure built by the ancient Egyptians to serve as a tomb
mummification
the preservation of the dead
hieroglyphics
a system of writing using symbols or pictures
papyrus
ancient paper made from stem of papyrus plant
subcontinent
a large landmass that forms a distinct part of a continent
monsoon
seasonal winds
Harappan civilization
An ancient civilization that developed along the Indus River.
loess
a fertile deposit of windblown soil
oracle bone
bone used by priests in Shang China to predict the future
Mandate of Heaven
divine right to rule
dynastic cycle
describes the pattern of the rise, decline, and replacement of dynasties
feudalism
system in which poor people are legally bound to work for wealthy landowners