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Histology Final Review Q's (Student Generated)
Terms in this set (120)
The membranous organelle of protein synthesis is?
The name of a strand of mRNA studded with ribosomes is?
What is the term for a lysosome that has completed digestion but retains junk?
What organelles contain DNA?
And what organelles have a double membrane?
What organelles produce ATP?
How do cristae look in steroid producing cell?
What organelle is responsible for the assembly of ribosomes?
What surface specialization increases surface area at the apex of the cell?Bottom and sides?
What surface specialization moves material along the cell's apical surface?
What surface specialization moves the entire cell?
What has 9 microtubular doublets around a central pair?
Who gets an axoneme?
Cilia and flagella
What are microvilli for?
What has 9 microtubular triplets around hollow center?
Centriole and basal body
Membranous organelle that makes lipids and detoxifies the cell?
Dark granular, basophilic material found in neuron cell bodies and dendrites is called?
The primary producer of CSF (cerebral spinal fluid) is the?
The cell responsible for the formation of myelin in the peripheral nervous system is?
Type of axonal transport moves material from terminal to the soma?
Type of axonal transport moves material from soma to the terminal?
Which part of the neurons are specialized for conduction of electrical impulse?
What are the phases of neuronal degeneration?
-Proximal (at soma)
-distal (at axon)
Oligodendricytes and astrocytes are types of ?
What are microglia?
Which of the following neurons are sensory?
Bipolar & Pseudounipolar
Who gets neurilemma?
PNS only, both myelinated and non-myelinated
What are the 3 meningeal layers from superficial to deep?
Dura, Arachnoid, Pia
What cell produces myelin in the CNS?
What cell lines CNS ventricles?
What do we call a collection of neuron cell bodies in the CNS?
What do we call a collection of neuron cell bodies In the PNS?
What muscle that occurs in the walls of hollow tubes and engages in rhythmic and tonic contraction?
What cardiac muscle fiber has smaller diameter, few terminal cisternae & secretes atrial natriuretic peptide?
Which muscle type has the ability to regenerate?
What protein molecule blocks the binding site on actin for myosin?
The connective tissue layer around each muscle fiber?
The connective tissue layer around each muscle fascicle?
The connective tissue layer around entire muscle?
Region of the cell membrane in striated muscle which carries the depolarization.?
Actin and myosin can both be found in what band?
What band has actin only?
What band has myosin only?
H-band and M-line
Conduction fibers include all of these?
-Bundle of HIS
What type of muscle has centrally located nuclei?
Cardiac and smooth
What do we call a single nerve fiber and all of the muscle fibers it innervates?
What skeletal muscle fibers have small diameter, tons myoglobin, many mitochondira, little glycogen?
Slow, red fibers
What do we call the spot where the motor nerve pierces through the epimysium?
What muscle type has peripheral nuclei and is a true structural syncytium?
Name a unicellular exocrine gland.
Name a Unicellular endocrine.
What epithelium has domed apex & can be stretched and distended?
What junctional complex keeps cells from being pulled apart?
What epithelial type is characterized by thin cytoplasm?
flattened ovoid nuclei
What epithelial type is wider than it is tall?
What kind of exocrine secretion is characterized by only the cell's product being secreted?
What type of cellular junctional complex enables ion transport?
GAP or NEXUS
What type of cells release their product to neighboring cells to influence their function?
All of the following are surface specializations except: (cilia, flagella, microvilli, stereocilia, keratin),
What criteria are used for classifying epithelial tissues?
-shape at surface
What type of gland discharges its secretory products directly into the bloodstream?
A secretory process in which the entire cell becomes part of the secretory product is known as?
Name the specialized epithelium that lines the urinary tract.
Name the manner of secretion in which sebaceous glands secrete.
Which of the following describes epithelial tissue?
-Many close similar cells
What type of bone is arranged in spicules and trabeculae?
Which type of cell is filled with multilocular lipid droplets?
Which type of cell is filled with Unilocular lipid droplets?
What cell type is responsible for making glycoproteins, GAGs ?
These cells are responsible for the production of all of the ct. fiber types.
What glycoprotein binds cells to their extracellular matrix?
Name the c.t. that contains macrophages, plasma cells, lymphoid cells and is found beneath epithelium?
What are the 3 components of c.t.?
What type of cell makes antibodies?
What type of cells contain granules of heparin, histamine and serotonin?
Periosteum is attached to bone by..?
Which of the following cells secrete Osteoid (bony matrix)?
Which type of c.t cells are important in wound healing due to generative capacity?
Bone growth is always ____.
Bone made up of an irregular arrangement of spicules and trabeculae is___.
Cells seen in high concentrations in infants that generate heat due to their numerous mitochondria are?
Which type of Adipose is absent in adults, yet present in both newborns and mammals during hibernation?,
Which of the following can form a "stroma" and are used as the fine support for lymphoid tissue?
This Dense Regular connective tissue structure holds muscle to bone.
What type of collagen fiber is found in cartilage?
What type of collagen fiber is found In bone?
What type of collagen fiber is found In reticular fibers?
What can be found between dense regular connective tissue and hyaline cartilage?
Fibronectin, chondronectin, laminin and integrins are?
What blood cell is intensely phagocytic?
Which of the 4 primary tissue types does blood belong to?
What leukocyte has a multilobulated (3-5 lobules) nucleus?
What leukocyte has no granules and has a large eccentrically placed, reniform nucleus?
What type of Connective tissue forms the periosteum, perichondrium, and capsules around most organs?
Dense irregular ct.
What cell makes Howships lacuna?
What vessels connect the marrow cavity to the vessels in the periosteum?
What bone cell is a part of the mononuclear phag. system and digests bone?
What type of bone growth replaces pre-existing cartilage?
What c.t. fiber is strong and flexible but does not stretch & is white in fresh tissue?
Name the GAGs.
How can bone grow in width once it has completed endochondral ossification?
What cell has large amount. of RER, eccentric nucleus, cartwheel (clockface) arranged DNA?,
What is the outermost layer of longitudinal connective tissue in vasculature?
What vessel is yellow in fresh tissue has elastic fibers, & functions in absorbing pulsation of blood?,
In which vessels would you see a prominent internal elastic lamina?
What causes T- lymphocytes to enter lymph nodes from the vasculature?
High Endothelial Venules
In which tunic is the vasa vasorum found?
What vasculature gets valves?
Heart, veins and lymphatics
What vessels collect tissue fluid and return it to the veins?
What capillary type has tiny openings in the wall with one-way flaps of membrane covering them?
Which capillaries are most selelective ( least leaky)?
Which capillaries are least selective (leakiest)?
What vessel has greatest association with undifferentiated stem cells (pericytes)?
post-capillary venules (venous caps)
What layer of the heart corresponds with the tunica intima?
What layer of the heart corresponds with the tunica media?
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