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16 terms

Sociology Chapter 12

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crude birth rate
the number of live births per 1,000 members of a population in a given year
crude death rate
the number of deaths per 1,000 members of a population in a given year
demography
the science dealing with the size, distribution, and composition of and changes in population
fecundity
the potential number of children that could be born if every woman of childbearing age bore all the children she possibly could
fertility rate
the annual number of live births per 1,000 women ages 15-44
age specific death rate
the number of deaths per 1,000 individuals in an age specific age group
infant mortality rate
the number of deaths among infants under one year of age per 1,000 live births
net migration rate
the increase or decrease per 1,000 members of the population in a given year that results from people entering
population pyramid
the age and sex composition of a population as portrayed in the tree of ages
Malthaus
population control through famine, need for food, sexual desire - individual to restrain population growth through self-control
Marx
more people than can be employed, overpopulation is caused by capitalism - collective action to refashion institutional life
concentric circle model
the approach to city growth stating that the modern city assumes a pattern of concentric circles, each w/ distinctive characteristics
sector model
approach to city growth that assumes that large cities are made up of sectors - wedge-shaped areas - rather than concentric circles
nuclear family
spouses and their offspring constitute the core relationship, blood relatives are marginal
family of orientation
a nuclear family that consists of oneself and one's father, mother, and siblings
family of procreation
a nuclear family that consists of oneself and one's spouse and children