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Lesson 3: Protecting the Earth
Terms in this set (20)
With which cycle is the geosphere most closely associa
the solid, plastic layer of the mantle beneath the lithosphere; made of mantle rock that flows very slowly, which allows tectonic plates to move on top of it
the central part of the earth below the mantle
the thin and solid outermost layer of the earth above the mantle
decision making model
a conceptual model that provides a systematic process for making decisions
a process in which the materials of earth's surface are loosened, dissolved, or worn away and transported from one place to another by a natural agent, such as wind, water, ice, or gravity
the mostly solid, rocky part of earth; extends from the center of the core to the surface of the crust
the solid, outer layer of the earth that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle
in earth science, the layer of rock between the earth's crust and core
a block of lithosphere that consists of the crust and the rigid upper part of the mantle; also called lithospheric plate
a principle or standard that an individual considers to be important
Tectonic plates float on top of the _____.
The carbon in the geosphere is often taken out of the carbon cycle, at least temporarily. Because of this, carbon in the geosphere is often referred to as being in a carbon sink. Which of the following forms of carbon would be considered a carbon sink?
gather information, consider values, explore consequences, make a decision
Which of the following presents the decision-making model in the proper sequence?
environmental and economic
In deciding whether to set aside a nature preserve just outside an urban area, which of the following sets of values are likely to conflict with each other?
personal and altruistic
Which of the following is NOT a type of consequence that scientists must explore when making environmental decisions?
at the boundaries of tectonic plates
In large measure, earthquakes and volcanoes occur __________.
geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, biosphere
What are four components of the Earth system?
The viscous layer of the mantle that allows Earth's tectonic plates to move around is called the __________.
Which type of plate boundary led to the creation of the Himalayan Mountains near India?
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