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Chapter 19 Study Guide

Terms in this set (38)

Social Gospel launched a biting attack on what its leaders blasted as the complacent Christian support of the status quo
Ministers began to argue that the rich and the well-born deserved part of the blame for urban poverty and thus had a responsibility to do something about it. William S. Rainsford, an Irish-born minister of New York, began the institutional church movement, in which large downtown churches, in once elite districts that had been overrun by immigrants, provided their neighbors with social services and a place to worship. Another effort within Protestantism to right contemporary social wrongs was the Social Gospel movement, which was launched in the 1870s by Washington Gladden, who served as a minister in Ohio. Dismayed by the way that many middle-class churchgoers ignored the situation of the urban slum dwellers, Gladden insisted that true Christianity commits men and women to fight social injustice head on, wherever it exists. He urged church leaders to become mediators in the conflict between business and labor. The movement attacked what its leaders blasted as the complacent Christian support of the status quo.
A younger generation of charity workers led by Jane Addames developed a the settlement-house. Like Social Gospelers, these workers began to recognize that the physical hardships of slum life were often beyond the control of individuals. Stressing the environmental causes of poverty, settlement-house advocates insisted that relief workers take up residence in poor neighborhoods, where they could observe how harsh the struggle for existence truly was. Addams opened the Hull House as a settlement-house and turned it into a social center for recent immigrants. Disturbed by the depth of the neighborhood poverty that she witnessed, she set up a kindergarten, a laundry, an employment bureau, and a day nursery for working mothers. Hull House also sponsored recreational and athletic programs and dispensed legal aid and health care. Through their sympathetic attitudes toward the immigrants and their systematic publication of data about slum conditions, settlement-house workers gave turn-of-the century Americans new hope that the city's problems could be overcome.
SETTLEMENT HOUSES: progressive reformers set up these centers in the poorest sections of American cities; here workers and their children might receive lessons in English or citizenship, while women learned domestic skills; the first settlement house was Hull House in Chicago, started by Jane Addams in 1889