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THL Midterm Questions
Terms in this set (32)
What are the three reasons that Sheed gives for studying theology?
1. To find truth and to own what is given to us.
2. Knowledge leads to love (the goal).
3. Share the truth with others because we love them.
What can be known about God through reason alone?
That God exists through His creations
Why is revelation necessary?
For salvation (the redemption, freedom of sin, and union with God)
Why is revelation a "saving knowledge"?
God is infinite. We are finite. There is an infinite gap between us and God. Only God can close the gap and save us.
What is spirit?
1. The element in us by which we know and love by which we therefore decide (judgement), intellect (know) and will (love).
2. There's no beginning or end, no limits, doesn't change or corrupt.
1. What is actual or "in act."
2. The way something is.
1. Possible, potential
2. Way something could be
Which part of human beings is in act? Which part is in potency? Why?
1. The spirit is in act because it is active because of actions (actual) and has intellect and will.
2. The body is in potency because it is the passive/receptive principle of the reason.
Is potency a sufficient condition for change? Why or why not?
No, because change comes from an external force and requires a cause that is in act or external to potency.
What does it mean to say that God is "infinite spirit?"
1. Pure act, no potency (being not becoming, no change)
2. Eternal with no beginning, end, or limits (temporal or spacial) - intellect (omniscient) and will (all loving)
Why is it significant that God revealed his "name" to Moses?
1. No universals or abstract concepts (pre-philosophical).
2. First time His name is revealed.
Name four attributes of Yahweh.
1. God of our fathers (salvation in Christ)
2. Being itself.
3. Faithfulness (sedaq)
4. All Holy
Why is God "necessary?"
1. Potency depends on a cause - the body is contingent to the soul (contingent to God)
2. God depends on nothing and is the cause of everything of contingent being.
Explain the following:
"The wrath of God is indeed being revealed from heaven against every impiety and wickedness of those who suppress the truth by their wickedness.
For what can be known about God is evident to them, because God made it evident to them
Ever since the creation of the world, his invisible attributes of eternal power and divinity have been able to be understood and perceived in what he has made.r As a result, they have no excuse (Romans 1:18-21)."
1. God's existence (invisible nature) can be seen in the things He's made.
2. God can be known to exist (proven) via His effects.
What does it mean to say that God is omnipresent?
1. He is intellect, all knowing.
2. If spirit is where it acts and everything created is an effect of His action, then God is omnipresent.
What does it mean to say that God is eternal?
He has no beginning, end, temporal, or spacial limits.
Explain the following:
"In God we live and move and have our being."
1. God is "actus essendi" (act of our being, we're contingent upon God for our existence).
2. He's omnipresent and therefore within us because His existence can be seen in the things He's made.
Give three of the five proofs/demonstrations for the existence of God (Quinque Via).
1. Unmoved mover - moved by another, movement cannot go to infinity, so there must be a first act (pure)
2. Uncaused cause - if there's no cause, there's no effect; because it's not infinite there must be an uncaused cause.
3. Supreme Being - there are true, good, and beautiful things, but not perfect; finds wholeness in perfect itself (God).
Why did the Church define the doctrine of the Trinity?
There was a lot of confusion leading up to the Council of Nicaea.
What is the Trinitarian question? What are the possible answers to this question? Which answer or answers represents the view of the Council of Nicaea?
What is the relationship between the Father and the Son?
1. The Son is subordinate to the Father.
2. The Son is the same as the Father.
3. The Son is equal in nature to the Father.
4. The Son is distinct from the Father.
The Church teaches 3 and 4.
What is Arius' position concerning the Son? Include his fundamental premise, the crux of his thinking, and the consequent conclusions that he draws.
Premise: absolute uniqueness (only one) and transcendence of God the Father (monotheism)
Crux: If God imparts His substance to another, then God is divisible (no longer one)
Conclusions: whatever else comes into existence must be created from nothing, the Son must be a creature thus created from nothing and has a beginning (there was a time when he was not), the Son cannot have communion with or direct knowledge of the Father (the existence of God can't be shared, incommunicable/not sharable), the Son must be liable to change - liable to physical and moral change (sin)
Please explain the following section of the Nicene Creed:
We believe in one God, the Father Almighty, maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible. And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, and born of the Father before all ages. God of God, light of light, true God of true God. Begotten not made, consubstantial with the Father, by whom all things were made.
1. The Son equals the Father as homoousios
2. The Son is distinct from the Father (not the same person)
3. The Son is only begotten but not made (origin in the Father but not created [ex nihilo])
4. The Son is true God (not God to a degree)
5. The Son is God by nature and not by grace (not St. Jesus)
In what does the life of God consist?
What does "lex orandi, lex credendi" mean?
The law of prayer is the law of belief.
The Church can't pray something that isn't true - pray that Christ saves therefore it must be true.
What does "consubstantial"/"homoousios" mean?
Same substance, Son equals the Father
Define "procession." How many processions are in God? Name the processions in God.
To go forth - signifies origin (principle) and end (terminus)
Generation: The Son, proceeds from the Father through natural filiation
Spiration: Holy Spirit, there can only be one infinity
Define "relation." How many relations are in God? Name the relations in God.
Something whose entire essence consists in being referred to something else.
Three relations in God - paternity, filiation, and spiration
Define "nature." How many natures are in God?
That which a thing is born to be (essence).
There is one divine nature in God.
Individual substance of a rational nature is a "this" spirit.
A supposit has spirit (intellect, will - rational nature)
How many persons are in God? Name the persons in God.
Three - Father, Son, and Holy Spirit
What does it mean to say that the Son is "begotten" of God?
Not made by the Father, becomes at the same time ("zero" seconds)
Why is the doctrine of the Trinity not antithetical to belief in one God?
There is one God. Divine persons aren't a part of God. Each person is the entire God.
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