Terms in this set (51)
Are delirium tremens life threatening?
In a patient who is experiencing tachycardia, hypertension, nausea, and tremors, you should suspect:
an antidepressant overdose
The first priority to treat a patient exposed to dry lime powder is to:
brushing any dry chemicals or solid toxins from the patient's skin.
Volatile chemicals are agents that can:
change easily from liquid to gas
You are called to the scene of a 21-year-old female patient who is unresponsive. Her boyfriend
suspects that she tried to commit suicide by overdosing on her depression medications. The patient
is unresponsive to painful stimuli, with agonal respirations, and has vomited. She has a weak carotid
pulse. After securing the airway and providing oxygen by bag-valve mask, what is the most
important question the EMT can ask regarding the medication?
What medication did she take?
What is an injury that commonly occurs in alcoholic patients with even minor falls and blows to the head?
You are called to the scene of a 17-year-old female patient who is unresponsive. Her mother suspects that she tried to commit suicide by taking her pain pills. The patient is unresponsive to painful stimuli, has agonal respirations, and has vomited. She has a weak carotid pulse. After securing the airway and providing oxygen by bag-valve mask, what is your next action?
Perform a rapid physical exam
Which of the following is NOT true concerning a patient's reaction to toxic gas exposure?
If the patient is treated immediately, there will be no long-term effects.
What is a common sign and symptom in poisonings of all types?
nausea and vomiting
poisons that are taken into the body through unbroken skin
a substance that absorbs many poisons and prevents them from being absorbed by the body
substance that will neutralize the poison or its effects
a severe reaction that can be part of alcohol withdrawal, characterized by sweating, trembling, anxiety, and hallucinations. Severe alcohol withdrawal with the DTs can lead to death if untreated
thinning down or weakening by mixing with something else. Ingested poisons are sometimes diluted by drinking water or milk
depressants, such as barbiturates, that depress the central nervous system, which are often used to bring on a more relaxed state of mind
mind affecting or mind altering drugs that act on the central nervous system to produce excitement and distortion of perceptions
poisons that are swallowed
poisons that are breathed in
poisons that are inserted through the skin, for example by needle, fangs, or insect stinger
class of drugs that affect the nervous system and change many normal body activities. Their legal use is for the relief of pain. Illicit use produces and intense state of relaxation
any substance that can harm the body by altering cell structure or functions
poisonous substance secreted by bacteria, plants, and animals
stimulants such as amphetamines that affect the central nervous system to excite the user
vaporizing compounds, such as cleaning fluid, that are breathed in by the abuser to produce a high
referring to alcohol or drug withdrawal in which the patients body reacts severely when deprived of the abused substance
What demographics have a more serious reaction to poisons?
ill, the very young, and the elderly
An ingested poison is often
a medication that the patient has accidentally or deliberately overdosed
If you cannot get an exact time that the overdose was ingested, you should
determine the earliest and latest possible times of exposure
activated charcoal works through
Is activated charcoal an antidote?
No, it just reduces the amount of poison the body can absorb
contraindications to activated charcoal
unresponsive patient, patient that has ingested acids or alkalis such as oven cleaners, drain cleaners, toilet cleaners etc, and patients that have swallowed gasoline
If a patient vomits after drinking activated charcoal you should
repeat the dose once
dilution is usually used when
medical direction advises not to transport the patient to the hospital
narcan is the same as
narcan side effects
may precipitate withdrawal in patients dependent on narcotics
contraindications of narcan
patient is breathing adequately and able to maintain their own airway
What is the most commonly inhaled poison
carbon monoxide poisoning is deceptive because
it imitates the flu
symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning
headache, especially "a band around the head", dizziness, breathing difficulty, nausea, cyanosis, altered mental status
signs indicating smoke inhalation
difficulty breathing, coughing, breath that has a smoky smell, black residue in the mouth, singed nose hairs
Rules for giving oxygen to smoke inhalation patients
give them high concentration O2 even if the pulse oximetry reading is 100%.
What chemicals make up a bath salt
source of acid and a source of sulfur. Usually a household cleaner and a pesticide
What is hydrogen sulfide known for
rotten egg odor
When treating an absorbed poison patient how should you remove the poison
brush powder off the patient, irrigate liquid poison with clean water for 20 minutes, irrigate eyes for 20 minutes
Why should you NOT try to neutralize acids or alkalis?
Skin could be further damaged in attempts to neutralize
If a patient is drunk and refusing treatment, they cannot make an informed decision. In this situation what should you do?
make arrangements to transport the patient, but contact medical direction before transporting against their will. Document it in your report.
Roofies are classified as
GHB (georgia home boy) is classified as
3 signs of narcotic overdose
coma, pinpoint pupils, and respiratory depression
people who abuse hallucinogens have
fast heart rate, dilated pupils, flushed face
people who abuse volatile chemicals have
dazed look or show temporary loss of contact with reality
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