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Morality Unit 2, Morality chapter 2, Life in Christ Morality
Terms in this set (43)
What cannot change the moral quality of an act; connot make to act evil or good?
intention and circumstance
- Moral Object
What is the Intention?
- Answers why you are doing something
- The motive (motivation) or end course of action
- Can reduce the guilt of a morally bad act, but still cannot make an intricsically evil act a good act
- Can contaminate a good act if this is bad
What is the Moral Object?
- Answers what you are doing
- What you do must conform to the 10 Commandments
- Is the decisive factor of a situation
- Must answer: What is involved and is this action good or bad?
- The end does not justify the means
What is the Circumstance?
- "What stands around"
- Answers who, when, where, how etc
- Group of facts that can increase or decrease the moral goodness of an act
- Can increase or lessen themoral goodness or evil of an action or can diminish or increase a person's responsisbility BUT
change the moral quality of the acts themselves
- Method to help us to stay on God's path and help us make prudent decisions
- Search out the facts
- Think of the alternatives and consequences
- Method or course of action by which something can be accomplished
-The power, rooted in reason and will, to act or not to act, to do this or that, and perform deliberate actions on one's own responsibility
-Freedom is rooted in the moral duty to do good
- Cannot be destroyed by God; it would reduce a person to the level of an animal
Freedom is not: Lisence
- Unbridled freedom of doing whatever one wants without accountibility
Impediments of Freedom
- The responsibility for an action can be diminshed or abolished when freedom is impeded or obstructed upon
- Inadvertance: not paying attention or being distracted while acting
- Duress: someone tries to force us to do something
- Ignorance: not knowing what one should or should not do
- Inordinate Attachments: money or other possessions enslave us and we do not act with full freedom
- Fear: panic in the face of danger
- "With knowledge"
- Practical judgement of reason that helps determine whether a particular act is right or wrong from an ethical point of view
- Respects Truth
- Subjective norm of morality that we must form properly and follow; not infalliable
Conscience is not:
- Majority Opinion
- A Gut-instinct
- A Feeling
- A jiminy Cricket
- A Myth
- A Superego
What is the most negative judgement that can be passed on a person's character?
- That person has no conscience
- That person has a perverted conscience
What are the three stages of the Conscience?
- 1. Know the difference between right and wrong
- 2. The judgement of that action as good or evil
- 3. To choose whether or not to do the right thing
In order to make good decisions, what two things are needed:
- 1. Prudence- Moral virtue that inclines us to lead good, ethical, and moral lives of action
- 2. Discernment- Decision-making process that invloves making keen and insightful judgements about some important choice
- Both help us participate in the actions that form and define us
Human acts involve what?
- Intellect, will, knowledge, and consent
What is an intrinsically evil act?
- An act belonging naturally which goes against God's will and destroys human good; can never be justified
Morality is based on what?
- How things are
- How God made them to be
- NOT wishful thinking or common trends
What must our actions conform to?
- The objective norms of reality; The 10 commandments
How can we discover moral courses of action?
- With creativity, thought, and imagination
We cannot make decisions until what two things are considered?
- 1. Alternatives
- 2. Consequences
- The possible effects of our proposed actions
- Can be (+) and (-)
You should never commit an action that would treat a person as what?
- A thing
- A means to your end
- For your own gain
- Used to ensure that a person does not treat others as a thing, means to an end, or for their own gain
- Golden Rule: "Do unto others as you would have them done to you"
- Social pressure by members of one's peer group to take a certain action, adopt certain values, or otherwise conform in order to be accepted
- Moral life is sustained by prayer
- "The living relationship with the children of God with their Father"
What are the two parts of prayer?
Using prayer in morality can be accomplished through what?
- Spiritual Excerises
- Created by St. Ignatius of Loyola
- An effective way to discern
What resourses of the Church will help our prayer and moral lives?
- The Church and the Magisterium
- Catechism of the Catholic Church
- Forming consequences
- Teachings of J. Christ
- Adoration and the Eucharist
- Fellow Christians
- Must follow this method when forming our consciences
- Study the facts
- Elect a course of action
- Excecute the action
- Review the decision
Is choosing evil freedom?
- Not freedom, only a sign we have the ability to choose
- Human are free and responsible because we can choose; truly free when we have the ability to choose
moral virtue that leads us to good, ethical, and moral lives or action
S in STOP
T in STOP
O in STOP
P in STOP
the objective act/actions
two rules of morality
1. acts must promote true good of humans
2. make sure actions reflect ten commandments
the aim of the course of action (what do we hope to accomplish)
rules for governing intentions
1. keep good intentions
2. one can not do evil so good can come out
details of the action
1st principle of moral reasoning
don't do evil for good or the end doesn't justify the means
according to the splendor of truth, the morality of the human act depends primarily and fundamentally on the responses of others to the action
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