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Western Culture Exam 2
Here we go again on my own
Terms in this set (95)
1100-800 few artifacts, records, no large cities, etc.
Or known as Acro, high or extreme point
Assembly place under the Acro
Ruled by Aristocrats or higher people with money or power.
Greek play writer, only 7 of his plays remain. He is responsible for Oedipus Tyrannous, Antigone, etc. Also worked alongside Aslepius
Ruled by several or a small group
500s era Ruled by someone who has come into power illegitimately. These figures are usually popular among people promising gifts etc.
Ruled by everyone, and Athens began this
750-550 This is where people would sen d out others from their cities to expand an area and their growth
Gods worshiped in this time. Some include Zeus, and others.
Oracle of Delphi
She is found at Apollo's temple she spoke his words to the people
First event was in 776. These were used to show how some people were different from others via games. They were used to show the true talents of people like Achilles.
Way of fighting
Hinterland of Athens
30 or 40 families known as the "Well Fattened Ones" the aristocrats of Athens
Considered a "good tyrant" he was praised by the people of Athens and he was similar to the likes of Lycurgus He outlawed slavery, bought back enslaved families, undertakes Athenian society into four separate classes
A tyrant who tries to take over three different times, and eventually comes to power and gives it to his sons
Founded by Pisistratus and was a form of worshiping Dionysus the God of drama.
These were used in the competitions in the Dionysian festivals, and another term for a poem
The beloved person of Aristogetion
Beloved of Harmodius both of these men are involved of the sons of Peisistratus
This man pretty much created the idea and concept of democracy for the Athenians He wanted to make a system where tyrants disappear forever
Being excluded from the state and social activities
Great war country lead by Cyrus the Great and later Darius who was Cyrus's successor
Cyrus the Great
King of the Persian empire, and molds them into a great army
Battle of Marathon
Athenians knew Persians were coming, and the sent Pheidipodes to run to the Spartans to ask for help, they refuse and the Athenians are on their own. They do win the fight by attacking the middle of the Persians. Pheidipodes runs back and tells the Spartans they won and dies on the spot
Colony of Athens, burned down by the Persians
Battle of Thermopylae
This was the battle of the 300 Spartan warriors lead by King Leonidas this fight was lost, but in honor
Left behind with 300 Spartan warrior and some Greek warriors to help fight.
Battle of Salamis
Athenians defeat the Persians again after teaming up with the Spartans and prove Athens democracy
Athens Navy was one of the greatest in the entire land. It had great defense and countered Spartans army
A type of ship that has three oar slots where the rowers sit back and row
This was the Athenian protection league, and they stated off good and wholesome but ended up turning into a mod like situation where people had to pay for protection
Alliance led by Sparta to promote fighting against the Persians
War fought between Sparta and Athens where it was a standstill between the Spartan army and the Athenian navy the war ended in a truce and this marked the end of the golden age
3 Great Tragedies
These were chosen during the Dionysus festival as a competition, also known as goat song partially because the poets could win goats
The first of the the three great tragedy poets the others being Euripides and Sophocles
Latin word for "pride" Also considered the flaw of Oedipus
Written by Sophocles, and tells the tale of Oedipus and his curse of sleeping with his mother an killing his father. His name means "Swollen Foot" which can relate to the butler going out and stabbing a wooden stake in Baby Oedipus's foot.
A fatal flaw used to describe Oedipus
A thought developed by Sigmund Freud, it states that everyone wants to secretly be with one of the parents, and get rid of the other one standing in the way
Wrote about politics, and they weren't popular, he wrote around 18 complete tragedies
The study used to influence people and make them change their choices about anything, it's also involves good speech patterns making it easier to talk people into changing their minds
These were teachers known as "Wise ones" they taught epidemiological- study of knowledge or how we know things, moral relativism, rhetoric and persuasion
He is know for speaking great, but not getting the facts straight. Know for his persuasion and Rhetoric
Famous for Socratic Irony: in other words "He knew nothing" He had an influence on Athens Eventually he is charged with bad teaching and atheism.he had chances to escape, but he refused
This was Socrates student, his writing were mostly dialouges because thats how he was taught by Socrates he wrote 36 dialouges and 7 letters around Socrates' death He believed in morality "To know the good is to do the good" described a cave allegory
Student of Plato his writings encompass western philosophy of logic, morality, science, politics, etc.
One of Plato's early dialogue which showed the end of Socrates's life and waiting to be trialed
End of an archipelligo
Hinterland of Sparta named after the Laconic meaning little or no speaking
Sparta takes over this land and enslaved them. Afterwards the immigrated away
Slaves taken over by Sparta, they did try and revolt, but inevitably failed.
Lead the Helot's revolt He's also the younger son of Eunomus. He was exiled from the city, and traveled the world asking leaders how they defended their cities, he came back and joined the aristocrats and turned into King of Sparta. He was also given 33 utterances by Apollo from the Oracle at Delphi. When is rule, he comes up with the idea of distributing the land equally
"The way" the way of making everyone the same mainly in Sparta
Males, descended from an original city (Spartan City) everyone will look the same, and have the same virtues
People who seem the same
People from outside the city
One of the 5 spartan magistrates, not legalized by Lycurgus
A sort of democracy. Every member of the homoioi over the age of 30. They elected mayors, treasurers, and ephors
Council of 30 known as their senate made of 28 males who had to be above 60 years old and 2 kings
The ends of them have spirals closing in
Very simple, and square like design on the columns
The tops of the columns have very fancy designs and occasionally have floral designs as well
A point in the architecture in the middle of the architrave and the pediment
These are sculptures set for the Gods and the are usually paintings or actual sculptures on top of the building near the roof
Used as a treasury for the money collected from the Delian League later converted into a place to worship Athena the city's patron deity
A good leader elected every year and not a tyrant or a king
Great sculptor who sculpted the Parthenon the relief sculpturere
3 principles in the Spartan refrom
1. Austerity- no more no less than others
2. Physical Fitness-everyone needs to stay fit
3. Equality- No man was better than the other
Military Polis, named after the Laconic people, sparing no luxury. Also, mix democracy, monarchy, and aristocratic natures. They have dual kingship one who rules the city while the other goes to fight in a war and they would swap.
Spartans kill babies who "don't make the cut"
When Spartan children are seven years old, they are in this it is known as a gang, where they are encouraged to fight to build character, and grow stronger
Age 12, kids are encouraged to get closer to one another
When do the kids go into the military service? What do they do about a wife?
Around 18-20 they normally don't go after a wife, mainly try and become attached to another older male to lead their lives. As for wives, they usually end up raping a women picked out by their "older friend" and the males would rape the women
Controls every aspect of its citizens relating to Sparta
A movement of people who ask "Can we understand something of wisdom" Thinking without reference to the Gods
Sister city of Athens
Adult males who did the decisions of war and other choices for Athens
Early church. This included every male citizen of Athens
Athens Credit and Crop function
Farmers would have to rent land and raise money for their families and to pay rent. However, if they didn't, then they would go into debt this happened a lot in Sparta
Ruled by your family's past
Ruled by factions of classes by wealth
Assassins of Tyrants
God of healing and medicine
Who said "It is a hateful thing to know when nothing can be gained from knowledge"
The story of Semle and Zeus
Zeus sleeps with a lady named Semle after disguising himself as a human. He eventually gets found out by Hera. Hera tricks Semle to ask Zeus to show up in his "true form" which causes her death. However she was pregnant and the fetus goes to Zeus. Later it pops out of his stomach/gut and ends up as Dionysus
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