Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights. These amendments lay out individual rights as well as help to limit government.
Terms in this set (38)
Freedom of RELIGION
Freedom of SPEECH
Freedom of the PRESS
Right to ASSEMBLE peacefully
Right to PETITION the government
Right to bear arms
During a time of peace, a person can deny allowing soldiers to live in their home
During a time of war, Congress has to pass a law to force soldiers to live in your home
Protects you from unreasonable searches and seizures
Requires government to have a warrant based on PROBABLE CAUSE to search or seize property
Requires an indictment from Grand Jury to go to trial for a serious crime
DOUBLE JEOPARDY: A person can't be charged with same crime twice
A person does not have to testify against or be a witness against themselves
DUE PROCESS: A person can't lose their life, property, or freedoms without a trial
EMINENT DOMAIN: Private property can't be taken for public use without fair compensation ($$$)
Right to a speedy and public trial (a jury from the local area)
Right to know what you are accused of or what crime you have committed
Right to see and hear witnesses against you
Right to get witnesses for your defense
Right to an attorney even if you can't afford one
Right to a trial by jury for cases involving a value ($$$) that exceeds twenty dollars
Protects a person from excessive bail or fines. They have to fit the crime that is committed
Protects a person from cruel or unusual punishment for breaking the law
People have other rights that are not listed in the Constitution
The powers not given to the federal government by the Constitution are reserved for the states/people
You are __________ when the police take to jail. This begins the process of a criminal court case.
After you are arrested, you will be ________ with a crime
If you are suing someone for money or items that they owe you, then you will have a ________ trial.
If you break the law, then you will have a ________ trial.
Defending themselves from being accused of a crime or being sued by someone else
Oversees a court case. Makes sure rules are followed in a trial. Decides the sentence or punishment.
Decides whether someone is innocent or guilty in a criminal case. If used, will decide who wins a civil court case.
After the trial, the ________ will decide if the evidence shown proves your guilt or shows that you are innocent
The person that is accusing someone of breaking a crime or suing another person in court.
After the jury decides your fate, the judge will _________ you for your punishment or let you go because you are innocent.
After you are charged with a crime, you have a ________. This is where evidence is provided to prove innocence or
Lawyer who makes the case against the defendant in a legal proceeding
Lawyer representing and arguing in the place of the defendant during a criminal proceedings