5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Which of the following is the best example of worker empowerment?
A) A small work team in the design department has decided to fire one of the members of its department.
B) The CEO has just opened a corporate-run daycare center for the employees to use free of charge.
C) The union president has called a wildcat strike because of unsafe working conditions.
D) The workers' union has just negotiated the most lucrative contract in the company's history.
- Milgram's experiment involving the "small world phenomenon" utilized two groups. He referred to these two groups as the ________ and the ________.
A) primary; secondary
B) in-group; out-group
C) givers; takers
D) starters; targets
- How does the structure and function of groups change as they grow in size?
A) Group members feel more strongly bonded to each other.
B) Group members become more active in the decision-making process.
C) Members tend to form more informal relationships.
D) Groups tend to develop a more formal social structure.
- Nick was a promising caseworker for an agency. After earning several lower-level promotions, he was appointed to a supervisory position. Supervisory work did not mix well with Nick's abilities and he fell into a professional rut. This is an example of the ________.
A) Weber effect
B) Peter principle
C) Kanter syndrome
D) Ouchi theorem
- Which Frenchman toured America in the early nineteenth century, noting the many voluntary
organizations in which Americans held membership and documenting these findings in his book,
Democracy in America?
A) Pierre DuPont
B) Alexander Maconochie
C) Philippe Pinel
D) Alexis de Tocqueville
- a starters; targets
- b groups tend to develop a more formal social structure
- c Peter principle
- d a small work team in the design department has decided to fire one of the members of its department
- e Alexis de Tocqueville
5 Multiple choice questions
- group dynamics
- operating on-site daycare reduces employee absenteeism, improves production, and increases staff morale
- illegitimate opportunity structures
- the graduating class of a large university
- as self-fulfilling stereotypes to direct the organization
5 True/False questions
In experimental research, the variable that is the cause of change (the independent variable) must precede that which is changed (the dependent variable). This condition is called ________.
A) random selection
D) temporal priority → control
Sam is conducting interviews to assess students' opinions on how President Bush handled the second Gulf War. Because this is a controversial topic at Sam's conservative campus, what is the
best way for him to develop a sense of rapport with the sample?
A) He should pay the interviewed students a stipend for their cooperation.
B) He should tell the students he interviews their identities will be kept secret.
C) He should begin by asking neutral questions and holding off on sensitive issues.
D) He should begin by telling the participants that he is a Democrat. → participant observation
When the former Soviet Union collapsed, NATO forces were no longer needed to protect Europe from a communist invasion. Rather than disband NATO, it was turned into a "rapid response
force" to fight terrorism. Sociologists would call this shift in focus an example of ________.
A) bureaucratic ritualism
B) the Peter principle
C) the Thomas theorem
D) goal displacement → appeal to higher loyalties
Which type of sociologists would consider deviance to be a natural part of society?
B) conflict theorists
C) symbolic interactionists
D) neo-conflict theorists → conflict
All of the following theories follow the principles of symbolic interactionism EXCEPT for which one?
A) strain theory
B) control theory
C) differential association theory
D) labeling theory → primary group