24 terms

Heritage Studies 6 Ch. 5

Ancient China
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Terms in this set (...)

dynasty
line of rulers belonging to the same family
China's Sorrow
the Huang He - because of its many floods that killed thousands and ruined many harvests
tings
special bronze vessels used by the Shang people to cook meat sacrifices
bureaucracy
the Ch' in system that gives a worker a job and trains him for it, rather than passing a job on to a member of the family
monsoon
a wind that brings rain
characters
pictographs drawn with fine strokes
mandarins
officials who helped Han rulers govern the country and who were chosen for their abilities- after sitting for long and difficult exams
acupuncture
treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
communism
economic system in which all wealth and property are owned by the state; China is ruled this way today
seismograph
ancient Chinese used bronze mechanisms to determine when and where an earthquake occurred
paper
ancient Chinese were the first to use it
Silk Road
China didn't trade with other countries until this opened; crossed many of China's natural boundaries; horses and certain fruits entered China beacuse of it
Chinese technology
still influences our modern age
paper
Chinese used this for money, Developed in the Han dynasty
Confucius
came up with some of the most important ideas of the Classical Age, Western name for the Chinese philosopher Kongzi (551-479 B.C.E.). His doctrine of duty and public service had a great influence on subsequent Chinese thought and served as a code of conduct for government officials.
silk
used as paper before paper was invented, A valuable cloth, originally made only in china from threads spun by caterpillars called silkworms
The Shang
This was a Yellow River Valley society which emphasized agriculture. Their ruling period was war-oriented which saw the perfection of bronze casting (weapons and religious vessels), horse-drawn war chariots, an advanced writing system, and the start of ancestor worship
Ch'in Dynasty
(221 - 206 BC) a legalist dynasty created by Qin Shi; all the city states were combined; the Great Wall was built during this dynasty, but not completed
the Han
dynasty in China; great empire in the East that dominates large areas of the world- fair and just created large bureaucracies known as Mandarins
oracle bones
The earliest known Chinese writing is found on these from ritual activity of the Shang period.
ancestor worship
a religious practice based on the belief that deceased family members have a continued existence, take an interest in the affairs of the world, and possess the ability to influence the fortune of the living
natural barrier
Geographic features that make travel and communication difficult or dangerous-
Mandate of Heaven
in Chinese history, the divine approval thought to be the basis of royal authority
Central Kingdom
what the Chinese called China