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Latin America And Cold War Study Set
Terms in this set (60)
A tax enforced on imported goods to encourage consumers to purchase products that originate in the same country.
A term used to describe either developing countries or countries that remained neutral and not aligned with NATO or the Communist Bloc.
3rd World Country
A US foreign policy from 1823 that addressed the American domination over the entirety of the American continent and that prevented European colonization of the Americas absent US intervention.
A foreign owned factory located in Mexico that manufactures products that are exported to the country the owner is employed by.
A Unites States intelligence service that controls national security and became involved with the funding of several Latin American countries.
A US company that was highly advantageous of the abundant resources present in Guatemala.
The group that ended the Somoza family dictatorship and ruled Mexico from 1979 to 1990.
The conservative US funded group that opposed the Sandinistas and the prospect of modification to the Nicaraguan government.
A conflict between the US and Spain in 1898 as a result of the US involvement in the Cuban war of independence.
An agreement from 1994 that lowered trade barriers between North American Countries (specifically the US, Canada, and Mexico)
Imports from Canada and the US became significantly cheaper for Mexican consumers and made Mexican exports became cheaper for Canada and the US. Also, it encouraged more frequent trading within North America.
Caused American business owners to be advantageous of the cheap labor and land in Mexico without export taxes to the US and caused the explosion of maquiladoras along the border.
A time period identified as a state of political an military tension that included propaganda and threats but avoided open warfare.
A nineteenth century social theory created by Karl Marx that ensured that rather than posessing individual property, everything was communal.
An armed squadrent of military, police, or terrorist individuals that engage in abductions and assassinations during a war or terrorist campaign.
Control of another (politically, economically, or cultural) motivated by the desire to expand and gain military strength and new markets. Also based on the belief of cultural superiority.
A modern overlap of religion and politics that took on the perspective of the poor and unprivileged and worked to free people from injustice and oppression.
A 13 day political standoff in 1962 that was triggered by the controversial Soviet installment of nuclear middles in close proximity to the US.
Cuban Missle Crisis
The infamous failed attempt of the CIA to remove Castro from power (After Castro overthrew the American supported president) that ended in them surrendering as a result of being gruesomely outnumbered.
Bay of Pigs
A tragic event where a military coup d'etat was conducted by US supported Poinochet that resulted in the bombing of the presidential palace and caused Allende to commit suicide.
September 11, 1973
A severe economic decline where The Mexican government possessed $80 billion and the most prominent sources of revenue for the country were being sold on international markets. This resulted in enormous unemployment and severely reduced wages for those who maintained jobs.
1982 Economic Crash
A horrific natural disaster in Mexico City that killed 20,000 and many more homeless that brought to light the inefficiency and corruption of the PRI from their poor decisions on how to resolve the issue.
An individual who went from military commander and chief to the president of Chile for 17 years by achieving a coup d'etat that ended Allende's reign.
A Cuban leader who established the first western communist state subsequent to his overthrow of the military dictatorship.
A Guatemalan military officer who was supported by the US in a coup d'etat which earned him a presidency until his assasination.
A major figure in the Cuban Revolution who opposed the Batista regime. He was also responsible for land reform and spreading education.
A Cuban leader who was an elected president for four years, during which he creates the very progressive 1940 constitution, then later acquired power again through a military coup. In his second time in office he revoked the Constitution and took away the liberties and deepened the gap between rich and poor before he was overthrown during the revolution.
A US president who controlled the attack in the Bay of Pigs and who was involved in diffusing the Cuban Missle crisis.
John F. Kennedy
Brothers where one of them was once a lawyer and became the head of the CIA and the other was the Secretary of State. Both of which were significant Cold War figures who advocated against communism.
A military officer who became a very progressive Guatemalan president and was a major figure in the Guatemalan revolution. His political aspirations threatened the United Fruit company so he was overthrown by a group led by the Dulles brothers.
An indigenous individual from Guatemala who actively fought for the rights of indigenous individuals during the Guatemalan civil war and won the Nobel Peace prize.
A Nicaraguan revolutionary who led a rebellion against the US occupation in Nicaragua but was sadly assassinated.
A democratic socialist group that managed to end the Somoza dynasty.
An influential political family dictatorship that was in Nicaragua for over four decades.
The government supported murder of 30,000 El Salvadorian people suspected of opposing the government
A Nicaraguan politician and president who supported and helped lead the FSLN and who focused on the implementation of land reforms, wealth distribution and lessening illiteracy.
An El Salvadorian archbishop who was a strong user of Liberation Theology and spoke out against poverty, violence, and injustice but was tragically assassinated while he celebrated mass.
An individual who was repeatedly exited from El Salvador but actively supported Marxist theology and aspired to help the poor and unprivileged but was assassinated.
Agusto Farabundo Marti
An individual who organized a massive and violent campaign that was responsible for La Matanza and ordered the death of Mati.
A highly socialist Chilean president who was killed in a military coup d'etat.
A US funded El Salvaorian death squad that was violently anti-communist and killed an abundance of people.
The White Hand
The unified product of four Salvadorian parties that formed the Left political party of El Salvador.
The right-wing political party of El Salvador.
The main security agency used by the Soviet Union from 1954 until 1991.
An association between five Central Anerican countries that allowed economic growth through free trade.
The country that the US exploited for United Fruit, the Soviet Union was uninterested in, had the liberal leader of Jacobo Arbenz, and had Jorge Ubico, the Dulles brothers, and Castillo Armas as their conservative leader.
The country the US valued for its sugar, the Societ Union wanted to acquire as a communist state, has Fidel Castro and ache Guevara as their liberal leaders, and Fulgerio Batista and the US as their conservative leaders.
The country the US got copper from, the Soviet remained uninvolved in (because they disagreed with their definition of communism and thought the government would fail), had Salvador Allende as the liberal leader, and Pinochet as the conservative leader.
The country the US wanted for commercial interest, the Soviet Union wanted as a communist state, has Sandino, Daniel Ortega, and the Sandinistas as liberal leaders, and had the Somozas, Contras, and Reagan as conservative leaders.
The country the US valued for its coffee, the Soviet Union had no interest in, had Oscar Romero, Agustin Marti, and he FMLN as the liberal leaders, and had ARENA, Martin, the White Hand, Reagan, and the CIA as the conservative leaders.
Immediate cause of WWI
June 28, 1914
Assassination of Arch Bishop Romero
This service often is used as a state militia under the Governor's control
control, power, trade, money, cheap labor, help for other countries, access to natural resources, spread democracy, diversity, expansion
Reasons for Imperialism
use of government troops to destroy political opposition parties.
Sugar, Coffee, Mining, Bananas, Tabacco
Main Exports in Latin America
wrote to President Jimmy Carter, warning that increased US military aid would "undoubtedly sharpen the injustice and the political repression inflicted on the organized people, whose struggle has often been for their most basic human rights
What happened to Archbishop Romero in 1980?
supported/sponsored revolutions/counterrevolutions to overthrow existing governments
U.S. (CIA) & Soviet (KGB) spy agencies used covert activities
military aid, set up schools, medicine
How did the US & USSR try to gain influence in the 3rd World?
Threatened and or killed them
What did the government do to priests who protested?
By overthrowing the government- Coup d eta
How did Latin America try to gain economic independence during the Cold War?
Soviet & US methods of intervention during the Cold War
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