Terms in this set (41)
The person currently in office.
The tendency of lesser-known or weaker candidates lower on the ballot to profit in an election by the presence on the party's ticket of a more popular candidate.
Political Action Committee (PAC)
A committee set up by and representing a corporation, labor union, or special-interest group that raises and spends campaign contributions on behalf of one or more candidates or causes.
Federal Matching Funds
Public money supplied to campaign funds that match donations made by individual contributors up to a maximum of $250 per donations.
An association of congress members created to advocate a political ideology or a regional, ethnic, or economic interest.
First or highest in rank or importance or time.
A campaign that expends its maximum effort on an activity at the beginning.
A vote cast by a person who does not like either candidate and so votes for the less objectionable of the two.
An issue about which the public is divided and rival candidates or political parties adopt different policy positions.
An issue on which voters distinguish rival parties by the degree to which they associate each party or candidate with conditions, goals, or symbols the electorate universally approves or disapproves of. Examples of such issues are economic prosperity and political corruption.
An election used to fill an elective office.
An election prior to the general election in which voters select the candidates who'll run on each party's ticket.
A primary election that permits voters to choose on election day the primary in which they wish to vote. They may vote for candidates of only one party.
Drawing the boundaries of political districts in bizarre or unusual shapes to make it easy for candidates of the party in power to win elections in those districts.
A primary election limited to registered party members. Prevents members of other parties from crossing over to influence the nomination of an opposing party's candidate.
A primary election that permits all voters, regardless of party, to choose candidates.
A second primary election held in some states when no candidate receives a majority of the votes in the first primary; is between the two candidates with the most votes; common in the South.
drawing the boundaries of political districts so that they are unequal in population.
Funds solicited from individuals, corporations, and unions that are spent on party activities such as voter- registration campaigns and voting drives, rather than on behalf of a specific commission. These funds need not be reported to the Federal Election Commission. Money given "under the table,"
Money given directly to a candidate in an election to assist his/her campaign.
Short television ads.
Federal Election Campaign Act (1974)
An act to regulate campaign finance by providing for public funding or presidential elections and by placing limits on campaign contributes.
Federal Election Commission (FEC)
The US independent regulatory agency created to administer and enforce the Federal Election Campaign Act.
Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act (2002)
Includes several provisions designed to end the use of soft obey for activities affecting federal elections.
A non-profit organization formed under section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code, which grants tax-exempt status to political committees at the national, state, and local level.
Voting for a candidate because one favors his/her ideas for addressing issues after the election.
Voting for or against the candidate or party in office because one likes or dislikes how things have gone in the recent past.
Marks a significant change in the way that large groups of citizens vote, shifting their political allegiance from one party to the other.
Split Ticket Voting
Voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election.
Straight Ticket Voting
Voting for candidates who are all of the same party.
"Front-Loading" Nomination Process
Scheduling state party caucuses and primaries, hoping to lend decisive momentum to one or two presidential candidates and thus have disproportionate influence on each party's nomination.
The practice of allotting all of a states electoral votes to the one candidate who receives the most popular vote within that state.
A day on which several US states hold primary elections.
An unofficial poll or vote taken to determine the opinion of a group or the public on some issue.
Bush v. Gore (2000)
The US Supreme Court decision that resolved the dispute surrounding the 2000 presidential election in favor of George W. Bush. Ruled Florida Supreme Court's method for recounting ballots was a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment.
Election of 2000
The election narrowly won by Bush over his opponent, Gore. The deciding vote, was so close that votes had to be recounted several times, was Florida and lead to the Supreme Court case Bush v. Gore (2000).
General elections in the US held 2 years after the 4-year presidential election.
A body of people representing the US states who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice-president of the US.
All the people entitled to vote in an election.
Efforts of supporters or paid consultants of a political candidate to legally investigate the biographical, legal or criminal, medical, educational, financial, public and private administrative and/or voting records of the opposing candidate as well as prior media coverage.
An increase in the votes that congressional candidates usually get when they first run for reelection.
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