Final Exam Terms
Terms in this set (24)
how many of a certain type of artifact is found in a site
the form shape and definition of an artifact
microscopic studies of damage and polish on the edges of stone artifacts to reveal the materials that were worked
examines blood residue on stone tools.
ancient conditions are recreated so that an archaeologist can test a hypothesis
comparison between ethnography and archaeology to explain the similarities
the study of a group of representative pictures or symbols
distribution of homes, farms, villages, towns, and cities in an area
the various attributes of a site, what the site has to offer building and set up wise
the analysis of order and position of layers of archaeological remains
food and/or other goods often valuable sometimes buried with deceased individuals
non microscopic plant remains recovered from an archaeological site
study of pollen and spores
preserved animal remains recovered from an archaeological site.
stable isotope analysis
Analysis of the ratio of stable (nonradioactive) isotopes of elements such as carbon that provides information about ancient diet
allows us to determine the diets of ancient cultures
arranging objects in sequential order according to one aspect, such as size, weight, or volume
electron spin resonance (ESR)
dating technique for heated crystalline,stones,calcites,bone,and shell
optically stimulated luminescence (OSL
: optical dating of ancient materialssuch as geological sediments, but also sometimes fired pottery, bricks
phosphorescence released by some previously irradiated substances when they are heated. The process is used by geologists and archaeologists to date rocks and pottery.
radioactive decay that dates wood charcoal bone carbonate
The process of counting tree rings to determine the age of a tree
based on magnetic North (moves) & South (stable location), sediment captures magnetic particles that are frozen in position towards North (material has to have BURNED already)
measures exposed layer of Obsidian to water in air, more H2O--thicker Obsidian layer (rate of hydration)
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Terms for the Final