33 terms

Milady's Standard Esthetics Chapter 8

Obesity is determined by a BMI of ______ or greater
Saturated fats come from
Animal sources
55-60% of all calories should be obtained from
are biological catalysts made of protiens and vitamins
United States Department of Agriculture
the basic building blocks neccessary for bodily functions, including the skin
Macronutrients are the three basic food groups
Protiens, Carbohydrates, and fats
are chains of amino acid molecules that are used by every cell to make other usable protiens
Deoxyribonucle acid
DNA contains all the info that controls the function of every cell
nonessential amino acids
amino acids that can be synthesized by the body and do not have to be obtained from the diet
Complementary Foods
combinations of two incomplete protiens that provide all the essential amino acids and make a complete protien
break down the basic chemicals sugars that suppky energy for the body
Adenosine Triphosphate
ATP the substance that provides energy to cells and converts oxygen to carbon dioxide, a waste product we breathe out
Carbohydrate- lipid complezes that are also good water binders
water- binding substance between the fibers of the dermis
Three basic stuctural carbohydrate division
Monosaccharides, disaccharides, po;ysaccharides
the most basic unit of a carbohydrate (Glucose)
Made up of two molecular sugar units (lactose and sucrose)
chain of sugar molecules (fiber)
The three basic types of carbohydrates
simple sugars starches and fiber
HIgh fiber foods
grains, brans, apples, carrots and corn
Starches include
cereals, breads ( flour products), potatoes beans
simple sugars include
sweets, syrups, honey, fruits and many vegetables
when blood sugar drops too low without carbohydrates
fats or lipids
macronutrients used to produce energy, material in the sebaceous glands that lubriacte the skin
Fat soluble vitamins
A, D, E, and K
Fatty acids make up
triglycerides the main fat in foods
three types of fatty acids
Saturated, Monounsaturated, Polyunsaturated
Saturated fats
more rigid molecules, can cause hardening of the arteries
Monounsaturated fats
fats from olive oil and canola oil
Polyunsaturated fats
liquid at room temperature found in fish oil.corn oil
Linoleic acid
used to make important horomones and the lipid barrier for the skin
omega3 fatty acids
Good fat