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55 terms

Anatomy Final 2

Set 2 of anatomy final
STUDY
PLAY
activating eccrine sweat glands.
The skin dissipates excess body heat by
degree and source of the burn.
In treating a burn patient, the "rule of nines" is used to estimate the
none of the above
As a person ages, the skin typically becomes
sebaceous glands
Acne is a disorder of the
true
The skin is one of the larger organs of the body.
false
In healthy skin, the production of epidermal cells is closely balanced with the loss of skin cells.
true
Melanocytes can transfer granules of melanin into nearby epithelial cells.
false
The outermost layer of the epidermis is the stratum basale and the innermost layer is the stratum corneum
true
Melanocytes synthesize melanin, which protects underlying cells from the effects of ultraviolet light.
false
Sunlight, ultraviolet light, and X rays all darken skin because they increase blood flow to the dermis
true
Epidermal cells that move up through the strata become very keratinized as they die due to a lack of blood supply.
false
The amount of keratin protein produced during keratinization determines hair color.
false
Sebaceous glands secrete sebum, which kills bacteria on the skin.
false
The arrector pili muscle is composed of striated muscle tissue.
Short bones
The bones of the wrists and ankles are classified as
Irregular bones-bones of the backbone
Which of the following four groups of bones, based on shape and with an example of each, is correct
tightly packed tissue that is solid, strong, and resistant to bending; cancellous bone that reduces the weight of bone
Compact bone has ________, whereas spongy bone has __________.
epiphysis
The white material that reduces friction at the ends of bones is called
Hyaline
Articular cartilage is
Osteoblasts deposit osseous tissue in place of disintegrating cartilage
Which of the following is not a step in endochondral bone formation?
Broad, flat bones of skull
Which of the following is(are) an example of an intramembranous bone?
Osteoblasts deposit bone matrix around themselves and become osteocytes when they are isolated in lacunae.
Which is true?
thickens and strenghtens
Exercise ______ and _______ bones.
skull, hyoid bone, thoracic cage, and vertebral column.
The axial skeleton includes the
Axial Skeleton
The sternum is part of the
maxillary and palatine bones
The hard palate is composed of the
Vomer bone
Which of the following bones is not part of the orbit of the skull?
the ilium, the ischium, and pubis.
The hip bones include
hold the shoulders in place and provide attachments for muscles of the back, chest, and upper limbs.
The clavicles
at the distal end of the humerus.
The capitulum and trochlea are located
All of the above
The components of the pelvic girdle are called
The distance between the female ischial spines is greater.
Which of the following describes the female pelvis compared to that of the male?
all of the above
The femur
true
The number of bones in most pef
false
The parietal bones meet the frontal bone along the sagittal suture
True
Fontanels in the infant's skull permit some bone movement, enabling the infant to pass more easily through the birth canal.
false
The first cervical vertebra is the axis and the second is the atlas.
false
The sternum develops in three parts: the lower manubrium, middle body, and upper xiphoid.
true
The deltoid tuberosity is part of the humerus.
True
The styloid process is part of the ulna.
false
The ischium is the anterior part of the hip bone.
false
The femur extends from the knee to the foot.
All articulations contain some type of cartilage
Which is not correct regarding articulations?
fibrous joint
The sagittal suture is a
Bursae
Fluid-filled sacs that cushion synovial joints are called
false
Fibrous joints are joints at which two bones are united by hyaline cartilage.
elastic
These are the major categories of joints, except
an interosseous membrane.
These are all anatomical components of a synovial joint, except
Condylar
The metacarpophalangeal joints at the base of the fingers are ________________ joints.
Flex
When you walk up the stairs your hip and knee joints _____________ to lift your body weight.
abduction
Raising an arm to one side of the body to stop a taxi is an example of ______________ of the shoulder.
endomysium
The outermost layer of connective tissue surrounding a skeletal muscle is the
sarcomere organization.
The striated appearance of skeletal muscle results from the
transmit nerve impulses out of the muscle
Transverse tubules
cordlike and connects muscles to bones; a broad, fibrous sheet of connective tissue that connects muscles to muscles
A tendon is ______, whereas an aponeurosis is ______.