Upgrade to remove ads
APHG- US Population and Migration
Terms in this set (49)
non inhabitable land
total population divided by total land area
total population divided by total area of arable land
total number of farmers divided by total arable land area; land that can be used for agriculture
Natural Increase Rate (NIR)
Crude birth rate- Crude death rate
Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
Annual number of births per 1000 people
Crude Death Rate (CDR)
The annual number of deaths per 1000 people
Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
Number of children per women
Infant Mortality Rate
Number of deaths of infants under 1 per 1000 live births
The average length of time from birth that a person is expected to live given current death rates
Factors influencing fertility (Direct)
Biological- age of fertility
Behavioral- what leads to having a baby/ sex (socially acceptable, number of partners)
Factors influencing fertility (Indirect)
Economic- more babies born, but more deaths occur
Literacy (esp. Female education)- women begin to receive higher education and job opportunities so they delay starting a family or avoid having one completely
Cultural- society's view on big vs small families influences what people will want to do
Factors influencing fertility (Political)
Pronatalist- supports birth, higher population
Anti-natalist- against birth, lower population
Current and historic policies to know:
China's one-child policy
Pronatalist policies in France and Russia
anti-natalist policies in Iran, India and Mexico;
relationship to development and population
CBR, CDR, NIR (RNI), IMR, TFR, and Life Expectancy
Access to Knowledge, Literacy, Health Care Access, Calorie consumption
Economic and Environmental Indicators
GDP and GNI; Economic Structure (Job Types/Sectors - Primary, Secondary, Tertiary), productivity; Access to Consumer Goods; Resources Available (fresh water, trees, etc,) and Resource Use (Ex: Energy consumption)
Population Pyramids (Age-Sex Graph)
Be able to interpret; connect to the DTM; and recognize country examples
Demographic transition (DT)
Refers to the transition from high birth and death rates to lower birth and death rates as a country or region develops from a pre-industrial to an industrialized economic system.
Demographic (balancing/accounting) equation
(Births - Deaths) + (Immigration - Emigration)
NIR/RNI, TFR, Doubling Time, Rule of 70
Humankind will always have unlimited resources, as population grows, so will resources
carrying capacity and resources
proposes the principle that human populations grow exponentially
Epidemiological Transition model
stages and relationship to DTM. Refers to the shift in cause-of-death patterns that comes with the over-all decline of death rates
hearth, diffusion, and current distribution/prevalence
Activity space (influencing factors)
Age, mobility, Awareness of Opportunity, Space-time prism and Tyranny of Time
Cyclic and Seasonal Migration
Mirgation (movement) that has a closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally
Migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to a town and city
Migration of people to a specific location because relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
Channelized Migration and Migration Corridors
Permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors.
Ravenstein's Laws of Migration
Most migrants move only a short distance. There is a process of absorption, whereby people immediately surrounding a rapidly growing town move into it and the gaps they leave are filled by migrants from more distant areas, and so on until the attractive force [pull factors] is spent.
An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration
Attempts to describe the likelihood of migration. Its hypothesis is that this likelihood is influenced most by the opportunities to settle at the destination, less by distance or population pressure at the starting point.
Rural to urban, and counterurbanization
A population pyramid, in which a picture is a graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population (typically that of a country or region of the world), which forms the shape of a pyramid when the population is growing.
Has five different stages and shows birth and death rates
Stage 1 (DTM)
Pre-transition; Characterised by high birth rates, and high fluctuating death rates.
Stage 2 (DTM)
Early transition; During the early stages of the transition, the death rate begins to fall.
As birth rates remain high, the population starts to grow rapidly.
Stage 3 (DTM)
Late transition; Birth rates start to decline.
The rate of population growth decelerates.
Stage 4 (DTM)
Post-transition; Post-transitional societies are characterised by low birth and low death rates.
Population growth is negligible, or even enters a decline.
Stage 5 (DTM)
a country experiences loss to the overall population as the death rate becomes higher than the birth rate. The negative population growth rate is not an immediate effect however.
Sets with similar terms
Intro to Environmental ch 5
APES Chapter 6: The Human Population and…
APES Demographic vocab
IB Environmental 3.1
Other sets by this creator
English Final Review
Gas Exchange, Digestive System and Transport Syste…
Health Quiz #1
Other Quizlet sets
AP Human Geography Chapter 2
AP human geography chapters 2 and 3 vocab
Chapter 2: Population
AP HUG Chapter 2 test