Terms in this set (40)
everyday, ordinary language. (Any type of writing that is NOT poetry).
condensed language; prose with words left out / words used in a different way / words that paint a picture and communicate an idea.
the voice heard in a poem.
(may or may not be the same as the author)
Girl/boy/object?, age?, physical description?, attitude?, what is important to them?, anything you know
Subject / topic
what a poem is about in one or two words: (trees, love, war, beauty)
the comment about the subject that the author is making.
Ex. War is difficult, trees are solid, love is fleeting, beauty is in the eye of the beholder
an author's unique way of writing; the words they use, the length and type of sentences, how they arrange words.
an author's attitude about the subject he/she is writing about.
an author's word choice
the emotional associations of a word.
the dictionary definition of a word.
Example: odor and fragrance have the same denotation, but very different connotations (odor - offensive; fragrance - pleasant)
They clarify, illuminate, explain, describe, expand and illustrate the main idea or theme
expresses the thoughts/feelings/ideas of the speaker. (What we think of as a typical poem).
a poem that tells a story. (has characters, a setting, plot, a conflict, etc...)
A narrative poem, often of folk origin and intended to be sung, consisting of simple stanzas and usually having a refrain.
a five line, usually humorous poem that originated in Ireland. The rhyme scheme is aabba.
A long narrative poem, told in a formal, elevated style, that focuses on a serious subject and chronicles heroic deeds and events important to a culture or nation.
normally a fourteen-line iambic pentameter poem; usually the subject is love.
Italian, or Petrarchian sonnet is rhymed
abba, abba, cde, cde
the English, or Shakespearian, sonnet is rhymed abab, cdcd, efef, gg
A Japanese lyric verse form having three unrhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables, traditionally.
a poem which employs a dramatic form or some element or elements of dramatic techniques as a means of achieving poetic ends. The dramatic monologue is an example.
refers to the form of a poem (lines, number of stanza, etc...)
a paragraph in poetry
a reoccurring line or group of lines
Free verse / free form
poetry that has no regular rhyme or rhythm
Traditional / fixed verse (form)
poetry that has rhythm and rhyme
two consecutive (one right after another) lines that rhyme.
a piece of verse, or poem, in which there is a regular recurrence of corresponding sounds
the pattern of rhyming lines in a poem. (Marked by letters).
Ex. Twinkle Twinkle little star a
How I wonder what you are. a
Up above the world so high b
Like a diamond in the sky b
Twinkle twinkle little star a
How I wonder what you are. a
The rhyme scheme of this stanza is aabbaa
the repetition of identical or similar consonant sounds, normally at the beginnings of words.
Six silly snakes slid through the grass.
'sound words'; words that mean sounds.
Ex. buzz, swish, boom, bang, crack
the repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds, normally at the beginnings of words.
Ex. "Snap back to reality, Oh there goes gravityOh, there goes Rabbit, he chokedHe's so mad, but he won't give up thatEasy, no He won't have it , he knows his whole back's to these ropes. It don't matter, he's dope."
Eminem, "Lose Yourself"
a poem in the shape of the subject
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem
the 'beat' in a poem
a comparison of two things using the words 'like', 'as' or 'than'.
She was like an animal.
She was as crazy as an animal
She was crazier than an animal.
Metaphor / direct metaphor
a comparison between two things that DOES NOT use the words "like", "as" or "than".
She was an animal.
comparing two things without outright stating the comparison.
Ex. "My ideas had wings.",
"You may shoot me with your words, You may cut me with your eyes."
a comparison that lasts throughout an entire poem.
"Well, son, I'll tell you:Life for me ain't been no crystal stair.It's had tacks in it,And splinters,And boards torn up,And places with no carpet on the floor—Bare."
Life is being compared to a broken down house.
characteristics to something non-human
-Ex. "The wave's soft hands touched the shore."
Ex. "A thousand times goodnight."
words and phrases that appeal to the 5 senses.
-Grandma's hugs burn my skin.
-The pitter-patter of the rain
against the window.
-the sun shining brilliantly
-my grandfather smelled of leather and pipe