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Constitution Study Guide
Terms in this set (68)
Know all 27 amendments
Know all 27 amendments
What are the 6 main purposes found in the constitution, that our founding fathers said were reasons for writing this document?
Form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare and to secure the blessings of liberty.
What is the primary purpose of each of the following articles of the constitution?
What determines the number of representatives a state has?
What are the qualifications to be a member of the house of representatives? How did amendment 16 change article 1, section 2, cl. 3?
7 year citizen and inhabitant of state you will represent.
How were slaves to be originally counted in the population of a state?
What is the minimum number of representatives a state is entitled?
How are vacancies in the house of representatives filled?
the governor is to call a special election to fill the vacancy.
What part does the house play in the impeachment proceedings?
Sole power to impeach an official and makes the senate the sole court for the impeachment trials
Who is the presiding officer of the house?
Speaker of the house
How did we arrive at 435 as the present size of the house of representatives?
reapportionment act of 1929, every 10 years, new census
How many senators does each state have? Upon what is the senate based if the house is based on population?
Each state has two senators based on equal representation
What is the size of the senate? How were senators originally selected?
100, by state legislators
What amendment changed the method of selecting senators? How many are selected each two years?
17th amendment, 1/3 of the senate seats are VP for election every 2 years
What is the term of a senator?
What are the qualifications to be a senator?
must be 30 years of age, citizen for at least 9 years, and live in the state you will represent.
What role does the vice-president play in the senate?
Presides over the senate, may only vote to break a tie.
What is the role of the president pro-tempore?
the senate chooses its own officers including president pro-temp to preside when vice president is not there.
What is the responsibility of the senate in the impeachment proceedings?
the vice president presides unless president is on trial, in which case the chief justice of the US supreme court does. The senate acts as the court for the proceeding.
What is the only punishment for being impeached and convicted?
removal from office and they can not hold oval office again.
What three things can congress do about elections?
1.) Each house shall be the judge of the elections
2.) Each house may determine the rules of the proceeding
3.) must have government of congress in order to adjourn for more than 3 days.
according to the constitution, what is the first day of a new term of congress? Which term is it now? What is a lame duck?
An official in the final period of office, after the election of a successor.
what is a quorum in either house? Define quorum. Define majority
218 house and senate
least number of members who must be present for a legislative body to conduct business.
1/2 plus 1
What is the combined journal of the house and senate called?
The congressional record
What is the term for a two- house legislature?
What fraction of the membership can call for a roll call vote?
What are two privileges listed in the constitution to which the members of the house and senate are entitled?
privilege from arrest; legislative immunity
Which bills must begin in the house of representatives
What four actions can a president take on a bill?
veto, pass, send it back or no action
define pocket veto
a type of veto a chief executive may use after a legislature has adjourned when the chief executive does not sign or reject a bill within allotted time to do so
What can the congress do when the president vetoes a bill?
override it with 2/3 votes
what powers does congress have according to art.1, sec. 8, Cl. 1-198?
collect taxes, borrow money on credit, the power to regulate both foreign and interstate trade, exclusive power to determine how aliens become citizens, power to establish and require the use of uniformed gauges of time, distance, weight, volume, etc..., to provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the US; to establish post offices and post roads.
What is meant by:
A.) implied powers clause
B.) elastic clause
C.) necessary and proper clause?
necessary and proper clause
Define the term naturalization
to confer upon the rights and privileges of a citizen
Define the tern bankruptcy
the state of being completely lacking in a particular quality or value
Define the term copyright
Define the term patent
exclusive rights to your work (50 years)
an inventors/ artist's exclusive right to their invention/art
define interstate and intrastate commerce
trade among other states/between states
trade within the state
define writ of habeas corpus
a court order which prevents unjust arrests and imprisonments
Define ex post facto law
A law applied to an act committed before its passage
Define writ of assistance
Define bill of attainder
Define export tax
-a written order issued by a court instructing a law enforcement official to perform a certain task
- a legislature act that singles out an individual or group for punishment without a trial.
- taxes on goods or services that become payable when the goods leave the economic territory.
For what three reasons can the government levy taxes?
To provide services
to borrow money to sustain operations
to alter behaviors of its citizens
Explain or list at least three things the states are prohibiting from doing?
1. No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation
2. grant letters of marque and reprisal
3. coin money
4. Emit bills of credit
What is the length of a term of the president?
What was the limit on presidential terms originally?
How was it changed by the 22nd amendment?
What method of election of the president was used by the founding fathers?
- Everyone ran and whoever received the most votes was president
How many electors does a state have?
Originally how many votes did each elector have?
Who were these votes cast for?
How did the 12th amendment change this?
- number varies on their population
- president and vice president
-1804; began running as a team
How did the 23rd amendment change the electoral college?
it gave DC 33 electoral votes
If there is no majority in the electoral
A.) who chooses the president?
B.) who chooses the vice president?
A.) house of rep.
What are the qualifications one must meet to become president?
president must have been born a citizen of the US
be at least 35 years old
have been a resident of the US for at least 14 years
What did the original constitution say about succession to the presidency?
How was it changed by the 25th amendment?
- It wasn't clear
- up can succeed pres. followed by speaker of the house
What does the president promise to protect and defend in his oath of office?
The constitution of the US
List five specific powers of the president as found in Art.2, Sec. 2, CL. 1,2,3.
Judicial power ( pardons, reprieves; amnesty)
commander in chief, make treaties , appoints ambassadors, legislature power ( executive order)
What is the state of the union address>
How often is it given?
Addresses nation to let them know how everything is going on
once a year
How can the president be removed from office?
Impeachment and conviction
How many courts are specifically named in Art.3, Sec. 1 of the constitution?
one- supreme court of the US
How are the other courts to be provided for?
What are the qualifications for federal judges?
What are theri terms in office?
How do judges get their jobs?
-Not required to possess a law degree unless he serves as a magistrate or bankruptcy judge experience
What types of cases do federal courts hear according to subject matter?
Civil and criminal
What types of cases do federal courts hear according to people ot parties involved?
cases involving constitutionality of
What does Article 3 say about trial for all crimes except impeachment?
crimes shall be tried in the state in which they shall be committed
except in cases of impeachment shall be by jury
betrayal of allegiance towards one's own country
How do you prove treason?
2 witnesses who saw accused commit the act they are being tried for
What is meant by each of the following as found in article 4?
A.)full faith and credit
B.)privileges and immunities clause
C.)extradition or interstate rendition
-to assume that the courts of 1 state will honor the rulings of the other courts.
- prevents a state from treating citizens in other states in a discriminatory manner
- to give up alleged criminal to another state
Who has the responsibility for admitting new states?
What are three items that the federal government must guarantee to the states?
a republican form of government, protection from invasion, protection against domestic violence
How do you amend the constitution? How many amendments are there?
by 2/3 vote in each house of congress, or by a national convention called by congress at the request of 2/3's of the state
What are the first ten amendments called>
who do they specifically restrict>
bill of rights and federal government
How many states had to ratify the constitution before it went into effect?
9 out of 13
Know all 27 amendments to the constitution
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