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13.1 Charlemagne Unites Germanic Kingdoms
Terms in this set (13)
known as medieval period; 500 to 1500 AD; roots in classic heritage of Rome; beliefs of Roman Catholic Church; customs of various Germanic Tribes
Germanic people who held power; leader was Clovis; brought Christianity to the region
Religious community where Christians called monks gave up their possessions and devoted their lives to serving God.
worldly; not pertaining to church matters or religion; temporal
Charles the Great; ruled the Franks; strengthened regal power by limiting the authority of the nobles
a dynasty of Frankish rulers, lasting from A.D. 751 to 987; started with Pepin
What was the most important event in the unification of the Germanic kingdoms
Germany adopting Christianity and the fact that it was the one and only religion.
three roots of culture in western Europe
After the fall of Rome, the main roots to the next culture were three main reasons. 1) was the classical heritage of Rome. 2) The beliefs of the Roman Catholic Church and 3) the customs of several Germanic Tribes.
three ways that civilization in western Europe declined after the Roman Empire fell
disruption of trade, fall of cities, decline in education
what is the most important achievement of Pope Gregory I
expanded the role of Pope to include secular power as well as spiritual; used church money to build armies, repair roads and help the poor
How was the relationship between a Frankish king and the pope beneficial to both?
Being unpopular with the pope can ruin your relationships with the Catholic countries. Being popular with the pope means you might be able to get some allies when you start a war if you appeal.
Why was Charles Martel's victory at the battle of Tours so important for Christianity?
The victory at the Battle of Tours prevented Islam from spreading into Europe. This preserved Christianity for many centuries because if the Muslims had one Western Europe might have become part of the Muslim empire.
What was Charlemagne's greatest achievement?
In 800 when Charlemagne traveled to Rome to crush a mob that attacked the pope. It was a very historic event when Pope Leo 111 crowned him the emperor. Charlemagne got the title "Roman Emperor" and they joined the Germanic power, the Church and the heritage of the Roman Empire.
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