14 terms

week 5 cards

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genetics
the study of how characteristics are passed from parent to offspring in all living things
offspring
the child or young of two parents
genes
individual instructions that are coded into the DNA of every cell of every living thing. They tell organisms how to build itself
dominant gene
a stronger gene that is in control of what characteristics living things show
recessive gene
weaker gene that is not seen unless it is found in pairs
trait
a notable quality or feature of a living thing; characteristics such as eye color, hair color, etc...
acquired trait
a characteristic that develops from experience after you are born
inherited trait
a characteristic that is passed from parent to offspring
heredity
the passing of characteristics from parents to offspring
unique
an individual's overall combination of traits; the fewer you have in common with someone else, the more unique you are.
identical twins
siblings who share the same genes and look exactly alike
species
a group of animals that are more closely related to each other than to other animals
population
all the individuals of one species of a given area
generation
the people in a family born and living during the same time