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59 terms

Fine Arts Art Test #1

STUDY
PLAY
perceive
to become aware of or to understand by means of the senses; to detect; to observe; to grasp the meaning of
artists
creative individuals who use imagination and skill to communicate in visual form
elements of art
Line, Shape, form, color, value, space, and texture. The building blocks the artist works with to create an artwork.
principles of art
the different ways the elements can be usedin a work of art: balance, emphasis, harmony, variety, gradation, movement, rhythm, and proportion
Nonobjective Art
a type of art that is completely imaginative, in which the elements, their organization, and their treatment are entirely personalized and the image is not derived from anything visually perceived by the artist.
Subject
The image viewers can easily identify in a work of art
Composition
the way the elements of art are arranged according to the principles of art
Content
themes that the work communicates
credit line
A list of important facts about a piece
Symbol
something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible
Medium
material used to make art
Criteria
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
Aesthetics
(art) the branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and taste (emphasizing the evaluative criteria that are applied to art)
Art Criticism
AN organized approach for studying a qork of art
Description
What do I see, subject, objects, details
Analysis
How the work is organized and what is the style of the work
Judgement
Determine success of art or degree of art
Literal Qualities
the realistic qualities that appear in the subject of the work
Formal Qualities
the organization of the elements of art by the principles of art
Expressive qualities
those qualities that convey ideas and moods
Imitationalism
An aesthetic art theory that emphasizes the literal qualities of a work.
Formalism
strict observance of the established rules traditions and methods employed in the arts. _____ can also refer to the theory of art that relies heavily on the organization of forms in a work rather than on the content.
Emotionalism
This theory bases the success of artwork on the expressiveness of the content and a personal response from the viewer in order for the piece to be successful.
Individual Style
the artist's personal way of using the elements and principles of art to express feelings and ideas
Shading
graded markings that indicate light or shaded areas in a drawing or painting
Hatching
shading consisting of multiple crossing lines
Crosshatching
technique of crossing lines over each other to create a change in value
Blending
a gradation involving small or imperceptible differences between grades
Stippling
technique of shading using dots
Pigments
colored chemical compounds that absorb light and therefore produce color
Binder
liquid that holds the pigment together, linseed oil, in oil- based paint
Solvent
part of oil-based point, turpentine and dries slowly
Printmaking
A process in which an artist repeatedly transfers an original image from one prepared surface to another
Print
a pressed paper against an inked plate
Reproduction
the act of making copies
Edition
something a little different from others of the same type
Sculpture
a 3-d work of art meant to occupy space
Sculpture in the round
Freestanding figures, carved or modeled in three dimensions.
Relief Sculpture
sculpture that projects from a flat background
Applied Art
art made to be functional as well as visually pleasing
Fine Art
A work of art is the visual expression if an idea or experience created with skill
Digital System
store information and numbers
Multi Media Programs
Programs that allow like all that design stuff in it its self- explanatory
Photography
the process of producing images of objects on photosensitive surfaces
Interpretation
the act of interpreting something as expressed in an artistic performance
Purposes of Art
Personal,Social,Spiritual, Physical, and Educational Functions
Where do artists get ideas
Nature, Myths, Spiritual Beliefs, Creative Techniques, Past Artists
Properties of Artwork
Subject, Composition, Content
Whats in a Credit line
Name of Artist, Title of Work, Year it was created, Medium, Size, Location
Art Criticism Steps
description, analysis, interpretation, and judgement
Criticizing Functional Art
Description, analysis, judgement,and interpretation
Art History Criticism
?
Types of Paint
Acrylic, oil- based
Steps of Printmaking
1) Create the Printing Plate
2) Inking the Plate
3) transforming the image by pressing paper against inked plate
Printmaking Techniques
Relief printing, Intaglio
Two Types of Relief Sculptures
High and Low
Sculpting Techniques
Modeling, Carving, Casting, Assembling, Crafts, and one more
Fine Art vs. Applied Art
Applied- functional, fine is not
Shading Techniques
blending / stippling / hatching / cross hatching