Ap Government & Politics unit 1
vocabulary from chapters 1-3
Terms in this set (49)
the ability of one person to get another person to act in accordance with the first person's intentions
The right to use power
political authority conferred by law or by a state or national constiution
the rule of many
direct or participatory democracy
a government in which all or most citizens participate directly
a government in which leaders make decisions by winning a competive struggle for the popular vote
person(s) who poses a disportionate share of some valued resource, like money or power.
view that the government is dominated by capitalist
Power elite view
view that the government is dominated by a few top leaders, most of whom are outside of government
view that the government is dominated by appointed officals
the belief that competition among all affected intrests shapes public policy
human right based on native or god
Articles of confederation
a weak constitution that governed america during the revolutionary war.
meeting in Philadelphia in 1787 that produced a new constitution
a 1787 rebellion in which ex-revolutionary war soldiers attempted to prevent foreclosures of farms as a result of high interest rates and taxes.
proposal to create a strong national government
New Jersey Plan
Proposal to create a weak national government
Plan to have a popularly elected house based on state population and a state-selected senate with two members for each state.
a government in which elected representative makes the decisions
The power of the courts to declare laws unconstitutional.
Government authority shared by national and state government
Checks and Balances
Authority shared by 3 branches of government
powers given to the national government alone
powers given to the state government alone
powers shared by the national and state government.
Separation of powers
constitutional authority is shared by the 3 branches of government
a group with a distinct political interest
supports a strong national government
supports a weak national government
an alliance of factions
an order to produce an arrested person before a judge
bill of attainder
a law that declares a person without trial to be guilty of the crime
ex post facto law
a law that makes an act criminal even though the act was legal when it was committed
bill of rights
first 10 amendments
a new provision in the constitution that has been ratified by the states
an executives ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature
the effort to transfer responsibility for many public programs and services from the federal government to the states
money from the national government that states can spend within broad guidelines determined by washington
necessary and proper clause
section of the constitution allowing congress to pass all laws necessary and proper to its duties and which has permitted congress to excercise powers not specifically given to it by the constitution
doctrine holding that the national government is supreme in it's sphere, the states are supreme in theirs, and the two spheres should be kept separate.
state power to entact laws promoting health, safety, and morals.
process that permits voters to put legislative measures directly on the ballot
enabling voters to reject a measure passed by legislature.
procedure where by voters can remove an elected offical from office
money given by the national government to the states
federal grants for specific purposes such as building an airport
federal sharing if a fixed percentage of it's revenue with the states
conditions of aid
terms set by the national government that states must meet if they receive certain federal funds.
terms set by national government that states must meet whether or not they accept federal grants