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(1687-1755) French. The Spirit of Laws. Best form of gov't involves a separation of powers. Believed that gov't should be sperated among branches: legislative, judicial, executive. US Constitution.


French writer who was the embodiment of 18th century Enlightenment (1694-1778)


French philosopher who was a leading figure of the Enlightenment in France


French philosopher from 1712-1778 who believed that people are naturally good, but are corrupted by society


Wrote The Progress of the Human Mind. He identified humans will go through 10 stages of progress. They were about to enter the tenth where humans will be perfect in understanding.


English writer and early feminist who denied male supremacy and advocated equal education for women

Jacques Louis David

French painter known for his classicism and his commitment to the ideals of the French Revolution. His works include The Oath of the Horatii (17850 and The Death of Marat (1793).

George Fredrick Handel

Was famous for Oratorios. One of his famous was "The Messiah"

Edward Gibbon

(1737 - 1794) Author of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, published in 1776, one of the first modern histories that attempted to explain the past as a guide to the future.

Pierre Bayle

• French Huguenot
• critically examined past religious beliefs and came up with a viewpoint called skepticism

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