42 terms

Chapter 19 Section 1

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Red Scare
a period of general fear of communists
The 100 percent Americanism movement
What did extreme patriotism make give way to in America?
100 percent Americanism
immigrants were being repressed and abused, especially german-american immigrants after the war
Bolsheviks
people who were in control in russia
Vladimir Lenin
Leader of the Bolsheviks
that all people should share equally in a nation's wealth
What did Vladimir Lenin believe?
capitalism and American ideals
what does communism go against?
it went against capitalism and American ideals
why were americans afraid of communism?
private property or the idea to better yourself with hard work
what does communism NOT believe in?
violent overthrow in the government
what did some of the communist groups that formed after WW1 promote in the US?
the huns
What were Americans afraid of before the "reds" during WW1?
to call for the overthrow of the government
What did New York State make a crime?
newspapers
What do some believe inflated the Red Scare?
Gitlow vs. New York
Case that upheld the law, but cited that states cannot override the right of speech
Mitchell Palmer
attorney general of the U.S. who became a key leader in the anti-Communism campaign
palmer raids
Congressional support to raid houses of radicals believed to have connections to communism
aliens
citizens from other countries living in the US who were seen as a threat
deportation or being sent back to their homeland
what did aliens face due to the palmer raids?
person who advocates thorough or complete political or social reform
radicals
The Buford
aka "Soviet Ark." A ship used to deport hundreds of suspected radicals to the Soviet Union.
laborers got used to the leverage they had during the war
Why were labor strikes so explosive in 1919 (after the war)
- without the war, demand for factory items decreased
- soldiers returning from war were looking for jobs
-employers were leery of labor unions
What were 3 labor issues that emerged after the war?
because Communism called for workers to unite, rise up, and overthrow the government
why were people suspicious of organized labor?
Seattle
Where did the strike occur that started with shipbuilders, but then all industries joined in and shut down the city?
ruined Seattle's economy for years, no industry would go there
What was the effect of the massive strike in Seattle?
Boston
Where did the police strike go on strike?
Calvin Coolidge
What governor had to call in the militia to control Boston when the police went on strike?
militia
Who did Calvin Coolidge call in when the police went on strike in Boston?
coal miners
who had a "no strike" pledge to the government during the war
John L. Lewis
led the miners in a strike after the war for higher wages
5 day work week
what did the miners not get that they were striking for?
foreigners
with the Red Scare and lack of jobs, who did Americans take their fear out on?
labor leaders and nativists
who pushed for stricter immigration laws?
because they would work for lower wages
why were immigrants seen as a threat to the nativists?
quota
a limitation on imports
- established a quota
- National Origins Act of 1924
What were the 2 things that the government did to control immigration?
National Origins Act of 1924
set quotas for each country at 2% of the number of people from that country living in the United States in 1890
People from Asia and Souther/Eastern Europe
What people were effected by the National Origins Act of 1924?
African Americans, Jews, Catholics, and all radicals
Who did the newly revived KKK now terrorize?
"Native, White, Protestant Supremacy"
What was the KKK's slogan in the 1920s?
Sacco and Vanzetti
In 1920 these two men were convicted of murder and robbery. They were found guilty and died in the electric chair unfairly
anarchists
radicals who seek to destroy the government