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38 terms

literacy terms

STUDY
PLAY
plot
sequence of events in a short story, novel, or play, which involves conflict and details
exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution
sequence of plot
conflict
a struggle between two opposing forces; basis for plot
characterization
methods the author uses to make the character come to alive
man against man, man against nature, and man against society
external conflicts
man against himself
internal conflict
description of character by narrator; may include physical description, character's speech and action/behavior, character's thoughts and feelings, and what others say about the character
methods used in characterization
theme
thread of meaning running through a story; usually a general truth about mankind
setting
when and where a story takes place
foreshadowing
the technique of giving hints or clues that suggest or prepare for events that occur later in a story
suspense
the state of anxious anticipation, expectation, or uncertainty regarding the resolution of a conflict
climax
highest point of action in the story
style
author's way of expressing himself by use of word choice, sentence structure, etc
tone
feeling conveyed by the way the author writes about his subject
mood
atmosphere or feeling that the author attempts to create in the story
point of view
author's choice of narrator for his story
first person
narrator uses I and me when telling the story/ subjective
third person objective
unbiased outsider tells the story
third person limited
narrator tells what one character thinks/feels
third person omniscient
all knowing narrator
irony
the congruity or difference between reality and appearance
situational irony
the difference between what is intended or expected and what actually happens
verbal irony
a figure of speech in which there is a difference between what is literally said and what is meant; sarcasm
dramatic irony
the difference between what a character knows and what the reader or audience knows
protagonist
the main character
antagonist
opponent of the main character
archetype
an ideal example of a type; quintessence; an original model or type after which other similar things are patterned; a prototype
denouement
the outcome of the story
framed story
story within a story
symbol
a person, place, thing, or event that stands for itself and for something beyond itself as well
pen name
a pseudonym used by a writer
folk tale
story coming from the folk
myth
story made up to explain a phenomenon
legend
a story with a grain of truth
satire
ridiculing the vices or follies of mankind with a hope of correction
simile
comparison using like or as
metaphor
comparison saying one thing is another; can can be direct or implied
short story
a prose fictional writing usually between 500-20,000 words which can be read in one sitting