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What is structure and agency? How are they related to each other?
1. Structure: It refers to framework of societal institutions and social practices that make up a society and organize and limit people's behavior
2. Agency: the capacity of an individual to act independently and make their own free choices.
3. They are both related since agency changed structure and structure changes agency. we need to constantly look at both and not just one.
What did C. Wright Mills mean by "the sociological imagination?"
It refers to an awareness of relationships between who we are as individuals and the social forces that shape our lives. 2.sociological imagination" so that they could place themselves in social context and identify how public issues affect them at the personal level, arguing that people need to know the source of their difficulties in order to make sense of their live
What does Mills mean when he argues that people ought to escape the "private orbits in which they live?"
We are confined to our homes, city, family, friends. We live in these orbits and rarely step outside of them. 3. Need to understand the sources of their problems in order to fully understand why their lives are difficult.
What did Durkheim argue in his book Suicide?
Durkheim explores the differing suicide rates among Protestants and Catholics, arguing that stronger social control among Catholics results in lower suicide rates. According to Durkheim, Catholic society has normal levels of integration while Protestant society has low levels.
-What is the objectivist definition of a social problem?
1.undermines the wellbeing of some or all members of a society
2. usually a matter of public controversy.
-What are the problems with an objectivist definition of a social problem?
1. social problems are too broad to have a common theme.
2. issues that we consider social problems are not transparent of conditions on the ground (race, poverty, women's rights/ we have laws to protect sexism and racism).
3. some of the most divisive problems are controversial (same sex marriage/ abortion)
4. we often disagree why an issue is a problem (obesity seen as a public health issue, and civil rights issue since discriminated against)
-What kinds of questions would an objectivist ask about a social problem? What kinds of questions would an objectivist not try to ask?
Objectivists would generally ask questions about who is harmed by the social problem. They would try to not ask how a social problem arose but simply who is effected by the problem/
What are the advantages of a subjectivist perspective?
definition : a social problem is the process by which " troubling conditions" are transformed into social problems.
- Subjectivists ask : how do we come to understand that problem as harmful? and not just how/why?
-What is a social constructionist definition of a social problem?
-Conditions are viewed as problems
-Think of social problems as a process of responding to social conditions
-Social consrtuctionism refers to the way people create new understandings about the world around them
What does it mean to talk about a "social problems process"?
the process through which particular troubling conditions come to be constructed as social problems。
If social problems are just things that are wrong in the world, then why would we want to understand rhetoric?
What is the role of rhetoric in the construction of social problems?
social problems are constructed through rhetoric by being framed, packaged, and sold in a competitive market place
Why are resources crucial to the making of a social problem?
Resources are crucial because social problems compete for attention in a "social problems marketplace". Those who have the greatest resources are most able to sell their problem in the marketplace.
an assertion of the truth of something, typically one that is disputed or in doubt ( social problems are claims.) (drinking and driving is dangerous/ poverty should be eradicated).
involves a claims-maker who brings the topic to attention of others, by making a claim. ( theres a condition that should be recognized as troubling, that needs to be addressed).
often social activist but other actors and institutions also make claims, including members of media, politicians, and corporations.
What does Aziz Ansari mean when he talks about the transition from companiate marriages to soulmate marriages?
how in the past men and women would marry only because it was expected and not because they actually love that person, now marriage is based on love.
What does the formation of "emerging adulthood" mean?
Period between adolescence and adulthood. do not have given, do not own a home, do not have sufficient income to become fully independent. a period where they were independent adults that could do whatever they want. Thats a period every young person has now and takes for granted- where youre out of the house and dicking around, whether in college or whatever city youre in and doing different jobs. This life stage is a huge luxury that i think a lot of people take for granted.
How did the public come to learn that driving while talking on a cell phone was dangerous?
the brain switches between tasks therefore the brain is never focused on just one task. and since both tasks are thinking, they will be compromised. More and more cell phones were being produced and everyone was starting to get one.
Which portions of the American public have the highest rates of teenage pregnancy?
How do different portions of the American public view teenage pregnancy?
What factor(s) played a role in the rise of teenage pregnancy as a social problem?
The relationship between Sociological imagination and private orbits?
Sociological imagination (p. one)
First coined in the 1950's by eminent American sociologist, C. Wright Mills. In his own words:
"What ordinary men are directly aware of and what they try to do are bounded by the private orbits in which they live; their visions and their powers are limited to the close-up scenes of job, family, neighborhood; in other milieux, they move vicariously and remain spectators."
individuals are bounded by the private orbits in which they live; their visions and powers are limited. (impersonal changes in the very structure of continent- wide societies.)
Sociological imagination- why people are trying to understand the world.
Many feel that their lives are a series of traps, bounded by the private orbits in which they live; their visions limited by the close-up scenes of job, family, & neighborhood.
By "private orbits" Mills means the __ __ of normal people.
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