42 terms

Urban Studies Study Guide

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concentric zone
-ernest burgess model created in 1924
-central business district in middle, factory zone, transition zone, working class zone, residential zone, commuter zone
-chicago
-contrasts nuclei model
sector model
-modification to concentric zone
-homer hoyt model 1939
-expand city outwards with railroad and transportation
-high/middle/low class residential
-factory zone
-chicago
multiple nuclei
-chauncy harris and edward ulman 1945
-opposite of concentric zone
-residential areas correlate with factory and working zones
-CBD, residential, manufacturing, outlying cbd, industrial suburban
latin american model
-more slums
-squatter areas on outside of city
-concentric zones
-wedges
fordism
the era or system when large scale comapnies were mass producing standardized goods, heavy industry manufacturing employed large numbers of well paid and often union workers on assembly lines
post fordism
an era since the 1970s that expanded on henry fords industrial workplace ideas. it was the expansion of fords assembly lines, making machines and production even more efficient
technopole
technology based cities, based on science
counter-urbanization
a process of population deconcentration from teh large urban settlements
NIDL
-new international division of labor
-and outcome of globalization
-it is the division of labor shift from developed countries to developing countries
sunbelt
the US zone in which manufacturing and urban growth have expanded in the last 40 years at the expense of the northeast and upper midwest
rustbelt
the US zone that focused on adding jobs and work through manufacturing and industrial work
-doesnt exist much anymore
metropolitan area
a concentrated, dense settlement within commuting distance of an urban workplace and in which more than 20 percent of the resident population are employed in towns or cities
positivism
a philosophy of science characterized by adherance to the scientific method of investigation based on hypothesis testing, statistical interference, and theory construction
managerialism
the approach to urban studies that focuses on the question of the gatekeepers, technicians, politicians, or boosters in answering the question, "Who Governs?" regarding the access to resources or services in a city
structuralism
-essentially the same as marxism
-an approach which stresses the structures which underlie human behavior
-things that appear natural to us are social constructs
post structuralism
an extension and review of structuralism which emphasizes plurality and deferral of meaning, and rejects binary oppositions as representation/reality, discursive/material
conurbation
a built up area created by the coalescence of once seperate urban settlements, initially through ribbon development along major inter urban routes
-baltimore
-washington
megalopolis
sheet of urbanization stretching from boston to washington.
-new to philly
primate city
cities which are by far the most important in their countries
-paris, london
primacy ratio
the share of the largest city in the total urban population
urban hierarchy
1st order towns- provide the bare minimum (small communities)
3-4th order- larger cities, more developed, larger pop
rank size distribution
the idealized population spread between cities in an urban hierarchy, where the largest city is twice the size of the second largest, 3 times the size of the 3rd largest, and so on
agora
the public square of an ancient greek city
acropolis
greek temple, religious
plaza
city square that centralizes the city in terms of community
suburbanization
the growth of areas on the fringes of major cities
re-urbanization
is when people move into areas of the urban zones which have previously been abandoned, which usually occurs after a regeneration scheme is used for that area
core
area of concentration of economic development
semi-periphery
-buenos aires
-mexico city
-sao paulo
-cairo
NICs
new industrializing countries
-africa
-latin america
BRICS
Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa
global shift
the catch-all phrase for the late 20th century movement of the world's central zone of manufacturing from the "West" to east asia
tertiarization
the process by which secondary sector workers are pushed into the service sector
de-industrialization
shift away from industry into a service based economy
FIRE
finance insurance real estate
-economic growth from those sectors of the economy
LA
-has a lot of sprawl, dense, very big spatially
-soja can be applied
-carceral city
5 Slum Deprivations
1. improved water
2. improved sanitation
3. sufficient living area
4. durable housing
5. security of tenure
behavioralism
positivism plus elements of individual decision
humanism
individual experience
neoliberalism
most prevelent today
-free trade/laissaz faire
forum
meeting place
castra
plots of land reserved for military structures
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