AP Comparative Government (UK)
Terms in this set (64)
UK in process of withdrawing from the European Union, results of its June 2016 referendum in which 51.9 percent voted to leave the EU. The right of a state to withdraw from the EU has existed under Article 50 of the Treaty on the European Union.
Rank in file MP's (members of parliament). Those with less experience than the most senior and accomplished politicians
Conservatives and Labour parties agreed to support social insurance program, which paved the way for the Nation Health Service (NHS)
Labour Prime Minister in 1997
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
The most established and respected news outlet, strictly regulated by government. In return government provides substantial monetary support for the
Former Labour Prime Minister, former Chancellor of Exchequer
Current Conservative (Tory) leader: Leader of the Shadow Cabinet. Became PM when Tories win in May 2010. David Cameron resigned in July 2016 as PM after Brexit vote which he opposed
Meeting of party leadership to select candidates, used by conservatives to choose party leader
Now removed, but was part of Labour Constitution calling for nationalization of the commanding heights
When two parties agree to work together to win a general election, and afterwards, the majority party leader appoints leading member of the other party to positions within the cabinet.
Cabinet members shows solidarity in support of government policies. If there is serious disagreement rather than speak out against the policy a politician is more likely to resign
Confederation of British Industries
Organization that represents the interests of British manufactuerer
Tories. Historically, a conservative right of center party. Have become more moderate with the rise of New Labour. Now the party is solidly center-right, and they are led by David Cameron
Labour Party leader since September 12, 2015. He replaced Ed Milliband (Shadow MP). Under Corbyn, who is considered the most lefist Labour leader since Neal Kinnock, democratic socialist.
Democratic Unionist Party
Leading protestant party in Northern Ireland
Providing sub-national groups more power over government decisions
The English Bill of Rights
This documents lists rights retained by Parliament, not by individual citizens. This document, signed by William and Mary, gave important policymaking power to Parliament, including the power of the purse
Term describing those who are not in favor of greater integration with Europe and the EU. These people fear a loss of sovereignty to the EU, and opposes a single Euro currency.
Single Member districts with plurality winning
Fixed Term Parliaments Act of 2011
Parliament elections must be held every 5 years beginning of 2015
The Glorious Revolution
James 2 was overthrown by Parliament in a bloodless revolution with the support of the military. His daughter, Mary Queen of scots and the Dutch Prince William of Orange became King and Queen (William and Mary) preserved the power of the Parliament
Good Friday Agreement
Blair and President Bill Clinton helped to negotiate agreement where Britain agreed to give Northern Ireland a regional government, in which all parties would be represented on a proportional basis
Evolutionary change over time
Used to make up the bulk of membership to the House of Lords, but Blair's reforms of the 1990's shifted away from their participation, while emphasizing Life Peers
The BBC, and reporter Michael Gilligan, asserted in 2003 that weapons inspector, Michael Kelley, had falsely reported about the prevalence and threat of weapons of mass destruction represented in Iraq. Since the Blair government was advised by Kelley, the decision to go to war in Iraq came under intense criticism after Kelley's death. As the crisis, was unfolding, Michael Kelley committed suicide. Blair then appointed Appeals Judge, Lord Hutton to investigate. The Hutton Report exonerated Blair in 2004, and led to the resignation of the chairman of the BBC
The feeling of being seperate from Europe (the Continent)
Irish Republican Army
First formed after Easter Rising in 1916 to fight for Irish Independence. After 1949, a new IRA was formed by Catholics determined to free Northern Ireland from British/Protestant control. Political arm of the IRA in Sinn Fein led Gerry Adams
Named after British economist John Maynard Keynes, this approach of government to secure full employment, expand social services, maintain a steady rate of growth, and keep prices stable. Reversed by Thatcher who emphasized neo-liberalism (similar to American conservatism)
Leader of the Liberal Democratic Party. As a result of Hung Parliament in 2010 and Conservative/LDP coalition, Klegg became Deputy PM under David Cameron
Major party center-left. Currently control government, and led by Brown
Highest court in the land. There are 12 Law Lords, who are expert in law, and are also members of the House of Lords. Final Court of Appeal.
Liberal Democratic Alliance
Liberal Party joined with Social Democrats to form this party. Occupies currently the position just left of Labour
In the European context, this means smaller government, lower taxes, reduction of subsidies, reduction in tariffs. It forces a country to compete in the market.
Non-hereditary, appointed members of the House of Lords
When there are constitutional limits placed on the authority of government
Minority party. Currently the conservative Tories
The Great Charter of 1215. Placed limits on the power of the monarch, who pledged to respect the rights of the landowners. Foundation for representative government and parliament.
British PM since July 2016, former Home secretary and MP representing the district of Maidenhead. Second woman to hold office of Prime Minister
New Labour Party leader (Shadow PM)
Inflation plus unemployment brought way down by Blair and New Labour
Where interest groups take the lead and sometimes dominate the state (Quangos: Quasi-autonomous nongovernment organizations) Quangos combined with government authorities develop public policies )
The duty of the upper class to take on the responsibility for the welfare of the lower classes
Elite pathway for many British politicians. Oxford or Cambridge, where aspiring politicians follow a course of study called PPE (philosophy, politics, and economics)
In these systems, seats in a legislature are awarded based on SMDP or PR. The majority party has the right to choose the Prime Minister, or Premier, and to form a government (cabinet positions/minister). Advantage is that a PM or government can be replaced more easily through a vote of no confidence. Members of the executive leadership are working politicians and members of parliament (MPS)
Flag and Party of Scotland
Plurality Voting System
Situation where candidates try to gain more votes than their opponents. First past the post system.
When representation in a legislature is determined by the population of each state, opposite of equal representation
Quasi-autonomous nongovernmental organizings. Thousands still exist in England
For one hour, once a week, the Prime Minister and his cabinet must defend themselves against attack by the opposition
When a question is put directly to the people for a vote. The government is obligated to respect the will of the public
It is a district which has historically been won by a particular party. Each party assigns their most important leaders to safe district to ensure they will have a seat in parliament.
Scottish National Party
Main political party in Scotland, occupies seats in the House of Commons
They are the leadership of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition, in the house of commons, they set in the front row opposite the majority party in the House of Commons
It is the political arm of the Irish Republican army. Term translated "we ourselves"
Particularly among working class, this is the tendancy to value the bond to the people and social class you've always been associated with. Many will vote for a particular party out of solidarity.
Speaker of the House
Presides over the debate of the House of Commons, supposed to be objective and is not a member of the majority party. His job is to let all speak, but not let things get out of control.
Margaret Thatcher's revolution toward a free market economy, fostered entrepreneurial values of individualism and competition over the solidarity of social classes and the tradition of Nobleless Oblige.
The Third Way
Middle way between the old Labour party and the Conservative party
Conservative party led by David Cameron
Trades Union Congress
Largest Labor Federation in the UK, constituent members of the Labour Party
Where power is concentrated in a single central government
Vote of confidence
Vote on key issue, put pressure on MP to vote the party line, because if they lose, they also lose their sets and must complete in elections to win them back