Unit 3: The Middle Ages
Terms in this set (34)
The Byzantine Empire
Continuation of the Eastern Roman Empire after the fall of Rome and named after the capital Byzantium (Constantinople).
Kingdom of the Franks
this land was founded by Clovis and was one of the longest lasting German states in Europe.
"money for a man"; the value of a person in money, depending on social status; in Germanic society, a fine paid by a wrongdoer to the family of the person he or she had injured or killed
Special trials to determine whether a person was guilty or innocent of a crime by completing a physical task. Idea was that God wouldn't allow innocent people to be harmed by the task.
A local church community
a group of a Christian communities under the authority of a bishop. An archbishop leads several of these.
Bishop of Rome and head of the Roman Catholic Church
Men who lived apart from society and devoted their time to praying, studying, and copying holy texts.
Religious community where Christians called monks gave up their possessions and devoted their lives to serving God.
Women who took religious vows to serve God and belonged to a convent.
Charlemagne's empire; covered much of western and central Europe; largest empire until Napoleon in 19th century
Also Known as Norsemen. They came from Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden), attacking villages and defeating small armies throughout Europe. They were great warriors, shipbuilders, and sailors.
A political and social system that developed during the Middle Ages; nobles offered protection and land in return for service
A man who served a lord by providing military protection.
A noble warrior who fought on horseback after completing an apprenticeship as a page & becoming a squire.
the piece of land given from a wealthy lord to a vassal or knight
code of conduct adopted by knights in the middle ages
A person who lived on and farmed a lord's land in feudal times
an economic system in the Middle Ages that was built around large estates called manors
A large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord.
3 Field Crop Rotation
One field planted in fall and another in spring while the third recovered. Reduced uncultivated land
Gatherings of merchants for buying, trading, and selling. In the Middle Ages these fairs coincided with major religious holidays.
Association of merchants or artisans who cooperated to protect their economic interests
A uniform legal system based on court rulings from the past
"the Great Charter"; a written legal agreement signed in 1215 that limited the English monarch's power - rule of law
Rule of Law
Concept that says that government and its officers are always subject to the law - No one is above the law
In Medieval times, 2 knights from every country, 2 people from every town, and all nobles and bishops would meet to discuss political matters. (Now two "branches" or Houses have formed)
Social classes in France
Holy Roman Empire
A medieval and early modern central European Germanic empire, which often consisted of hundreds of separate Germanic and Northern Italian states. NOT unified.
Eastern Orthodox Church
One of the 3 branches of Christianity that developed under Byzantine Empire - services are performed in Greek, the Pope isn't the sole leader of church, disagreed with idols.
a formal split within a religious organization
"Holy War" between Christians/Muslims & issued by Pope Urban II over control of the Holy Land and subsequent trade routes.
Jerusalem and other places in Palestine which is a holy land to Christians, Jews, & Muslims
The Black Death
this disease ravaged Europe; transmitted by fleas on rats; one in three people died; people turned to witchcraft for cures; some beat themselves because they considered the disease God's punishment; Christians blamed Jews