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A play's final repository is

the minds and memories of its audiences

Why is the theatre in a strong position to force and focus public confrontation with social issues?

most productions do not act as propaganda but present the issues in all their complexity as food for thought and as such focus public debate, stimulate dialogue, and turn public attention and compassion to important issues

A play's relation to the individual stems from the fact that the best plays

link up with our deepest musings and help us to put our random ideas into some sort of order of philosophy

What word fits the definition of "that which holds the attention"?


Theatre can be seen as entertainment

in all cases

The journalist's review generally is

limited to a brief, immediate reaction written within a few days of seeing the performance

The presence of a critical focus in the audience has the effect of keeping the theatre


Thespian means


What are the two fundamental notions of acting?

representational and presentational

Acting which emanates from within the actor such that actors feel the role from the inside, so that they experience the feelings of the character and their entire physiology becomes engaged in the character's life, in addition to reproducing the play's actions, are engaged in...

representational acting

The best acting synthesizes

presentational and representational modes

The term used for the technical skills needed for professional acting, focusing primarily on the voice and body, is


The actor's instrument is the


Which faculty works in tandem with the actor's ability to liberate and use imagination to keep the actor within established bounds and ensure artistic agility?


Which of the following does the director not look for in an audition?

history of previous performances

Blocking refers to

stage movement

Directed stage actions that are precisely scripted physical behaviors worked out in blocking are called

stage business

Subtext refers to

a character's unspoken and undescribed goals

Which of the following tasks belong to the director?

conceptualizing the play and giving it vision and purpose

Which of the following is true of the director's role?

There has always been a director but not always an individual specifically charged with that role.

Which person is responsible for the financial support of the production?


What is meant by the concept of a play?

the director's central idea which focuses his/her interpretation

Which of the following is NOT included in the conceptualization of a play?

the social history of the playwright

The most effective director-designer relationships result in

a give-and-take of ideas, plans, feelings, and hypotheses.

Which of the following is not one of the goals of staging?

to renew interest in the classics

The rhythm of a production, sometimes confused with the speed of the actor's delivery, is called


What is the director's primary responsibility?

to envision the main lines of the production and to provide the artistic leadership to realize that vision

The core concept is

the director's determination of the most important of the many images, ideas, and emotions that will give the production meaning

All of the following are elements the scenic designer might take into consideration when creating the visual presentation of the staging except


Which kind of stage consists of a bare room able to adapt to a variety of staging?

black box

What kind of scenery attempts to depict, in great detail, a specific time and place in the observable world where the play's events are presumed to take place?


Which person is responsible for the building and operation of stage machinery and scenery; has charge of lighting crews and industrial scheduling; has charge of moving scenery in and out of the theatre; and establishes policies and directives for scene shifting?

technical director

A plan or series of plans showing the placement of each lighting instrument-its type, wattage, size, wiring and connection to a dimmer, and its color is called

a light plot

Which of the following is true of the history of lighting in scene design?

Lighting has always been a major theatrical consideration; before the advent of electricity, designers attempted to manipulate lighting with candles, oil lamps, and reflective surfaces

Although only a minority of plays refer to theatrical matters directly, all plays and play productions can be usefully analyzed and evaluated on the way the use the theatrical format to best advantage and make us rethink the nature of theatrical production


Entertainment includes brilliant debate, the witty epigram, the spectacular, suspenseful, and adventurous, as well as any form of drama that stirs our feelings and heightens our awareness


Although newspaper reviews of productions often contain phrases useful to put in the advertising of the play, the reviews themselves are usually negligible to creating a box-office success


Stage fright is groundless and based on irrational fears.


Acting is often a low-paid life, depressing, anxious, beset by demands for sacrifice from every direction: psychological, financial, and moral


An expressive voice and solid education in literature are two features required to make a good actor


The training of the actor's instrument is literary and emotional


The three stages of the actor's routine are personal training, premiering, and running the show


George II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, is generally regarded as the first modern director.


The directorial decision over which the producer has the most interest in retaining the right of review is play selection


The directing process encompasses the two phases of preparation and implementation.


The interest of the director and intended audience, along with the capability of the director and producer to conceptualize and produce the play are all criteria for play selection.


A great directorial concept has the qualities of being general, well-established by tradition, intellectually engaging, designer-oriented, and readily apparent


Theatre technologists are becoming widely recognized as artists and creators in today's theatre


Platforms, flats, and drapery are the traditional building blocks of stage scenery.


Common goals of lighting design are verisimilitude and atmosphere.


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