APUSH Chapter 14
Chapter 14 "The American Pageant"
Terms in this set (30)
Father of the Factory System
United States inventor and manufacturer of a mechanical harvester (1809-1884)
United States inventor of the mechanical cotton gin (1765-1825)
American inventor who designed the first commercially successful steamboat and the first steam warship (1765-1815)
Samuel F. B. Morse
Invented the telegraph which allowed faster communication over longer distances. He also developed Morse code
United States politician who as governor of New York supported the project to build the Erie Canal (1769-1828)
was a noted educator, renowned for her forthright opinions on women's education as well as her vehement support of the many benefits of the incorporation of a kindergarten into children's education.
created Native American portraits based on the Plains Indians. He thought that the Native American way of life was going to be extinct.
a policy of favoring native-born individuals over foreign-born ones
cult of domesticity
idealized view of women & home; women, self-less caregiver for children, refuge for husbands
a method of production that brought many workers and machines together into one building
German Forty Eighters
Refers to the large amount of German immigrants who moved to America in 1848 after the failed democratic uprising in Germany. Affected American politics and culture.
Belief that women had the right to complete freedom within the home
economic changes where people buy and sell goods rather than make them themselves
a machine for cleaning the seeds from cotton fibers, invented by Eli Whitney in 1793
name of Fulton's steam engine, nicknamed Fulton's Folly
15 Boston families that dominated textile, railroad, insurance, and banking industries
American boats, built during the 1840's in Boston, that were sleek and fast but inefficient in carrying a lot of cargo or passengers.
Ancient Order of Hibernians
Semi-secret Irish organization that became a benevolent society aiding Irish immigrants in American.
yearly meeting where mountain me met and traded furs
Laws of Free Incorporation
Allowed businessmen to create a new corporation without first obtaining a charter from the state legislature.
someone who works (or provides workers) during a strike
Commonwealth v. Hunt
(1842) a landmark ruling of the MA Supreme Court establishing the legality of labor unions and the legality of union workers striking if an employer hired non-union workers.
a political organization within the Democratic Party in New York city (late 1800's and early 1900's) seeking political control by corruption and bossism
Political organization that was created after the election of 1852 by the Know-Nothings, was organized to oppose the great wave of immigrants who entered the United States after 1846
John Jacob Astor
Created one of the largest fur businesses, the American Fur Company. He bought skins from western fur traders and trappers who became known as mountain men. Astoria was named after him.
term used to describe the 1840s, when the potato famine struck Ireland and caused the mass immigration of Irish to America.
nickname for Cincinnati for its important slaughterhouses
Clinton's Big Ditch
Erie Canal; fast travel, low shipping, brings industrial, agricultural prosperity
(c. 1840) an early term for a locomotive (train)
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