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History Test 2
Terms in this set (28)
Eighteen-year-old Henry VIII marries Catherine of Aragon after receiving a papal dispensation and is crowned king of England two weeks later.
Sixteen-year-old Charles Habsburg becomes Charles I, king of Spain.
October 31, 1517
Martin Luther tacks his "95 Theses" to the chapel door at the University of Wittenburg.
Charles Habsburg becomes Holy Roman Emperor Charles V.
Martin Luther put on trial by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V at the Diet (Council) of Wörms. Luther is convicted of heresy, but escapes and is protected by Frederick the Wise of Saxony.
Spanish soldiers sack Rome and take Pope Clement VII prisoner.
King Henry VIII of England petitions the pope, asking for an annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon
The English Parliament issues the Act of Supremacy, making King Henry VIII the supreme head of the church in England (or Anglican Church).
John Calvin completes the Institutes of the Christian Religion and is invited to reform the community of Geneva.
King Henry VIII of England has a son, the future Edward VI
Pope Paul III opens the Council of Trent.
King Henry VIII is dead; long live King Edward VI!
King Edward VI dies and Mary becomes the queen of England.
The Peace of Augsburg. Charles V abdicates his throne rather than sign it. His brother becomes Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I.
Queen "Bloody" Mary dies, and Elizabeth I, daughter of Anne Boleyn, becomes the queen of England.
The Spanish Netherlands rise in revolt against Spain.
Henry of Navarre of the Bourbon family (noted Huguenots) marries Marie de' Medici, daughter of Catherine de' Medici and sister to the king. At the wedding reception, on St. Bartholomew's Day, Admiral Coligny, leader of the Huguenots, is murdered by thugs in the employ of Henry of Guise, leader of the ultra-Catholics. The vilence gets out of hand, and before the night is through, 3000 Huguenots are murdered in the city of Paris. The event becomes known in Protestant circles as the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre.
William the Silent (aka William of Orange) issues the Peace of Religions.
The beginning of the War of the Three Henrys.
Philip II send the Spanish Armada against England. It is destroyed by the English navy and by storms.
The War of the Three Henrys ends with the assassinations of Henry of Guise and King Henry III Valois. Henry of Navarre becomes King Henry IV of France, but the city of Paris refuses to let him into the city to take up his throne.
Declaring that "Paris is well worth a mass," Henry IV renounces Protestantism and agrees to convert to Catholicism. After a papal absolution, Henry will finally enter Paris and take up the throne in the following year.
Henry IV issues the Edict of Nantes.
The beginning of the Thirty Years War (which, oddly enough, lasts for thirty years).
Cardinal Richelieu becomes the first minister to King Louis XIII of France.
The Peace of Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War.
The "Glorious Revolution" in England leads to the reign of William and Mary
William and Mary agree to the English Bill of Rights
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