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Art Appreciation Midterm
Terms in this set (46)
What is art?
the visual expression of an idea or experience.
What is a medium?
a particular material used in a work of art
What names are given to "untrained" artists?
folk artists, outsider artists, & children
What is representational art?
art that depicts the appearance of real things
What does "trompe l'oeil" mean?
a picture that looks so real it "fools the eye"
What is abstract art?
works that depict objects in distorted or exaggerated ways
Artwork that is non-objective is...
presents forms with no specific references... you can't tell what it is
What is meant by truly "seeing" art?
being more receptive, utilizing our imaginations, and utilizing our feelings
Which of the following is a purpose or intention of art?
What is an example of art as a commentary?
an artist who shows the horrors of warfare
The Venus of Willendorf figure is most likely _________.
a fertility figure
A sculpture being described as static means it is __________.
block-like and rigid
Many Egyptian and Greek sculptures have very similar proportions and appearances due to sculptors using ______________, or a set of rules and measurements.
canon of proportion
What is the difference between a sculpture that is in "relief" of a sculpture "in the round"?
relief is a sculpture in a flat surface, in the round can be seen from all angles.
Some early Greek sculptures are identified as Kouros or Kore. Which word refers to male, and which one refers to female?
Classical Greek sculpture, like the "Discus Thrower" emphasizes __________.
a balance between emotion and restraint
When a figure puts its weight on one leg, it is known as "weight shift". The weight shift causes the _______.
Idealism is a philosophy that pervaded all facets of Greek society. In sculpture terms, idealism refers to _________.
the perfect proportions of the body.
What did the Romans begin to use that made their portrait bust sculptures look so realistic?
molds and death masks
The Coliseum was used for killing animals, executing criminals, and gladiator battles. Why was it used for such bloody events?
spilling of blood was at the center of Roman and religious practice
Only about 1/3 or 33% of the Coliseum remains. Why?
earthquake and looting in the middle-ages
Fresco is a painting method used by the Romans in which _____________.
paint is applied to damp plaster
The Giant Head of Constantine has very large eyes. It is said he is looking to ___________.
the Heaven's and the future of Rome
The City of Rome fell to the Visigoths in 410 A.D., marking the beginning of the middle-ages. Why?
much information and building knowledge was lost or destroyed
Origin of the Renaissance lies in search for...
Humanism is defined as....
focus on logic separate from religion
Why was the Medici family so important to the Renaissance in Florence, Italy?
they commissioned artists to create artwork, they commissioned architects to create building, and they stimulated the economy of Florence
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Renaissance art?
What is true of Brunnelschi completing the dome of Florence Cathedral?
He built it without scaffolding or support
Brunnelschi created a system to make objects look 3-dimensional called...
Although on the edge, Donatello's David was a technical achievement because it was...
the first life-size bronze since ancient Rome
Savonarola, a radical monk, despised the Medici family. Why?
he felt they were leading people away from Church teachings
When Lorenzo d' Medici died, Savonarola seized control of Florence and organized a public burning of cosmetics, wigs, fancy clothes, art, etc. This fire was known as...
Bonfire of the Vanities
Da Vinci's "Mona Lisa" was innovative on its time because it contained the hands, a landscape, and ___________?
she was turned to face the viewer
Why is Da Vinci's "Last Supper" in such bad condition?
steam from a kitchen and he experimented
Because Michelangelo's "David" was placed in front of a Florence city hall, David vs. Goliath correlates to __________ vs. _________
people of Florence vs. Medici
Michelangelo was raised in the Medici household, Why did the Medici not see retribution for Michelangelo's lack of loyalty?
because they used his art for public relations
What did Michelangelo paint on the Sistine Chapel?
Why did Michelangelo HATE painting the Sistine Chapel ceiling?
he considered himself a sculptor only
Raphael's "School of Athens" represented the subject of....
What are characteristics of Baroque Art?
Chiaro Scuro, single light source, and arranged
What was it about Caravaggio's religious paintings that often upset the church?
used the likenesses of "immoral" people for religious themes
Although he possessed an extremely violent personality, Caravaggio's paintings seemed....
Why is it believed that Gentileschi's version of "Judith" is so much more graphic?
She was attacked and never truly vindicated
What does Chairo Scuro mean?
Why would common French citizens be so outraged by paintings such as "Happy Accidents of the Swing"?
because it showed the frivolous nature of rich pursuits
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