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Special Relativity Quizlet
Terms in this set (14)
inertial frame of reference
a frame of reference that is not accelerating but is at rest or moving with a constant velocity
non-inertial frame of reference
an accelerated frame of reference
frame of reference
a system for specifying the precise location of objects in space and time
a hypothetical material permeating through all space, providing a medium through which light could travel
an experiment carried out in thought only
German physicist who developed the theory of relativity, which states that time, space, and mass are relative to each other and not fixed.
the slowing of a clock as its speed approaches the speed of light as measured by an observer not moving with the clock
the shortening of an object along its direction of motion as its speed approaches the speed of light, as measured by an observer not moving with the object.
Factor by which object's time, length and relativistic mass change whilst in motion.
the length of an object as measured by an observer who is at rest in a frame of reference where the object is at rest.
is time as measured by observer in a frame of reference where the events take place at the same point in space
a beam of light reflected between two perfect, parallel mirrors that can be used to measure time.
Michelson Morley Experiment
the experiment that failed to prove the existence of an aether and opened the door for new lines of thinking in regards to the relative speed of light.
the laws of mechanics must be the same in all inertial frames of reference.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Momentum and Energy
Elastic Potential Energy
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