800 terms

SAT

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feckless
useless, lacking skill
quiescent
dormant, quiet
halcyon
happy, perfect, idyllic
onerous
burdensome
assiduousness
diligently working
affability
friendly
belie
to contradict
abstruse
difficult to understand, complicated
unencumbered
not having burden or impediment
analogous
similar
circumlocution
evasive speech, speaking around a subject
caustic
able to burn/ corrosive, sarcastic in a bitter way
esoteric
hard to understand
supercilious
arrogent, superiority complex
paragon
ideal model
watershed
significant moment in history, turning point
deftly
skillful
violate
overstep, disobey
demagogue
political leader who follows popular ideals; mob leader; unofficial leader of the people
avant-garde
new forms, innovative
vitiated
spoil, waste away, impair quality of
buttress
support
impugned
dispute truth of something, challenge
relinquish
give up
retroactive
looking to the past
synergistic
2 things combined > alone
fanfare
a short ceremonial tune
jaded
lacking enthusiasm
perfunctory
carried out w/ minimum effort, mechanical
deferential
showing deference, respectful
pontificate
express opinions pompously
exhort
strongly encourage or urge
remonstrate
make a forcefully reproachful protest
penitent
feeling guilty
reticent
not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily
tenacious
stubborn
squalid
gross, dirty
cataclysmic
violent natural event
ostensibly
seemingly on surface
saliently
obvious or prominent
prudent
wise, sensible
prevaricator
speaking/ acting evasively
succinctly
briefly & clearly expressed
precociously
advanced
sinuously
having many curves & turns
scintillating
shine brightly
licentious
scandalous
unctuous
oily; flattering
sycophantic
fawning, flattering
manifesto
public declaration of goals
terse
abrupt
slovenly
messy or dirty
rancorously
bitterly
imminent
about to happen
bent
natural talent
prodigious
remarkable in extent, unnatural
deleterious
causing harm or damage
pervasive
spreading widely
salutary
producing good effects, beneficial
detractor
critic
polyglot
speaks many languages
patron
benefactor
disparaged
regard or represent as being of little worth
capitulated
surrender, give in/ up
defected
abandon one's country or cause in favor of an opposing one
proliferated
grow, spread
nefarious
wicked or criminal
sophistry
making false arguments
acolytes
assistant or follower
solicitor
a person who tries to obtain business orders
denizen
inhabitant or occupant of a particular place
naturalistic
derived from real life or nature, or imitating it very closely
stealthy
cautiously, secretively
ungainly
awkward, clumsy
rancor
bitterness, spite
commiseration
sympathy, pity, compassion
compunction
feeling of guilt after doing something bad
dissolute
morally loose, licentious
austere
1. severe, 2. simple
aphorisms
saying, proverb
epistles
letter
yen
yearning, desire
paradigms
model, pattern, example
euphemisms
different way of saying something, indirect, circumlocution
wistful
nostalgic, pensive
altruistic
selfless
placatory
intended to make someone less angry or hostile; conciliatory
benign
gentle, kind, warm
punctilious
showing great attention to detail
progenitor
ancestor
repudiate
renounce, abandon
ruse
ploy, cunning scheme
fraudulent
dishonest, corrupt
bolster
to strengthen
didactic
instructive, learning
avaricious
greedy
scrupulous
diligent, extremely attentive to detail
garrulous
excessive talking, verbose, loquacious
taciturn
reserved, reticent
miserly
stingy, cheap
munificent
generous, philanthropic
vociferous
vehement, passionate
extraneous
irrelevant or unrelated to subject
superfluous
excessive, unnecessary
incontrovertible
indisputable, undeniable
impervious
unaffected by , not allowing to pass through
bolstered
strengthen, reinforce
doggedness
persistance
vacillation
to be indecisive
beleaguered
under siege, blockaded, surrounded, hindered
harbinger
sign, indication, signal, messenger
ebullient
cheerful, joyful, bubbly
voluble
talkative, loquacious, garrulous
predisposed
have hunches, prepared, ready, of a mind, inclined
idiosyncratic
individual
zealous
passionate, fervent
expedience
convenient and practical, appropriate
serendipity
the occurrence and development of events by chance in a happy or beneficial way; chance, luck
happenstance
coincidence
bane
headache, nightmare, trial
parochial
1. church parish, 2. narrow-minded
auspicious
favorable, oppertune
sinecure
easy job
castigation
reprimand (someone) severely
laconic
concise, terse, succinct, short
histrionic
melodramatic
maudlin
over sentimental, emotional
convocation
calling pple for a formal ceremony, meeting
triage
sorting, determining assignment
triumvirate
3 rulers
impasse
stoppage, blockage
quandary
terrible situation
acquiescence
the reluctant acceptance of something without protest
corollary
result, consequence
vertiginous
nauseating, lightheadedness
intemperate
having or showing a lack of self-control; immoderate
fecund
fertile, fruitful, productive
recondite
abstruse, arcane, esoteric, recherché, profound, difficult, complex
exacerbated
make (a problem, bad situation, or negative feeling) worse
assailed
assault
supplanted
supersede and replace
fallacious
fake
either
or
neither
nor
both
and
neither
but also
whether
or
from
to (until)
more
than
not only
but also
between
and
not so much
as
at once
and
just as
so (to)
not
but
prefer
to
no sooner
than
clandestine
kept secret or done secretively, esp. because illicit
obfuscation
ender obscure, unclear, or unintelligible
capitulate
surrender
recapitulate
summarize
perennial
enduring, lasting, everlasting
precarious
insecure, unpredictable, risky
juxtaposition
the fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect
mawkishness
sentimental in a feeble or sickly way
succinct
short (and sweet), brief, compact, condensed
ratification
approval
vindication
clear (someone) of blame or suspicion
repudiation
rejection of a proposal or idea
denunciation
public condemnation of someone or something
austerity
1. strictness, seriousness, solemnity, gravity; 2. frugality
forbearance
patient self-control; restraint and tolerance
mendacity
untruthfulness
profligacy
recklessly extravagant or wasteful in the use of resources
duplicitous
deceitful
voracious
wanting or devouring great quantities of food
obstreperous
noisy and difficult to control
castigated
reprimand (someone) severely
imperturbable
unable to be upset or excited; calm
becalmed
motionless
ruffled
disorder or disarrange (someone's hair), typically by running one's hands through it
edify
instruct or improve (someone) morally or intellectually
resuscitate
revive (someone)
exonerate
find innocent
ameliorate
make better, better, make improvements to
apprise
to inform
stock
standard, conventional
fatalistic
the belief that all events are predetermined and therefore inevitable
emphatic
vehement, firm, wholehearted, forceful
vehement
forceful, ardent, impassioned, heated, spirited
pedantic
scrupulous, precise, exact, perfectionist, punctilious, meticulous, fussy, fastidious
sanguine
optimistic
resigned
long-suffering, uncomplaining, forbearing
flippant
casual, disrespectful
acrimonious
angry, rancorous, caustic
eschewing
abstain from, refrain from
subverting
overthrow, undermine
inculcating
instill (an attitude, idea, or habit) by persistent instruction
stoicism
endurance, fortitude
figurehead
puppet w/ authority
abridge
to condense, to shorten
decimate
to destroy or kill a significant portion
germane
relevant; appropriate
pallid
pale
palpable
tangible, capable of being touched
abate
to decrease; to recede
abet
to aid; to act as an accomplice
banal
commonplace; boring
calamitous
disastrous
callous
insensitive
debase
to lower in quality or value
feasible
possible
hamper
to prevent
immaterial
w/out relevance
palatable
acceptable to the mind or senses
autonomy
self-rule, home rule, self-determination, independence, sovereignty, freedom
reticence
restraint, inhibition, diffidence, shyness
protean
variable, changeable, mutable, kaleidoscopic, inconstant
quixotic
exceedingly idealistic; unrealistic
cathartic
providing psychological relief through the open expression of strong emotions
profundity
deep insight; great depth of knowledge or thought
alacrity
brisk and cheerful readiness
languor
1. fatigue, weariness, sleepiness, drowsiness; 2. stillness, tranquility
diffident
modest or shy because of a lack of self-confidence
querulous
complaining in a petulant or whining manner
aplomb
self-confidence or assurance
tangential
diverging from a previous course or line; erratic: tangential thoughts
hardly touching a matter; peripheral
dissemination
the act of spreading something, esp. information, widely; circulation
strident
loud and harsh
vacuous
inane, unintelligent, insipid, foolish, stupid, fatuous, idiotic, brainless, witless, vapid, vacant
levy
1. impose (a tax, fee, or fine), 2. enlisting troops
libertine
1. a person, esp. a man, who behaves without moral principles or a sense of responsibility, esp. in sexual matters.
2 a person who rejects accepted opinions in matters of religion; a freethinker
zealot
a person who is fanatical and uncompromising in pursuit of their religious, political, or other ideals
vicarious
experienced in the imagination through the feelings or actions of another person
sardonic
satirical, sarcastic, ironical, ironic; cynical, scornful, contemptuous
heretical
holding an opinion at odds with what is generally accepted
sacrilege
violation or misuse of what is regarded as sacred
irreconcilable
at odds, at variance, conflicting, clashing, antagonistic, mutually exclusive
antiquarian
relating to or dealing in antiques or rare books
novelty
the quality of being new, original, or unusual; originality
starkness
severe or bare in appearance or outline
concordance
formal agreement
racked
she was racked with guilt: torment, afflict, torture, agonize, harrow; plague, bedevil, persecute, wrack, trouble, worry
dissension
disagreement
precocious
(of a child) having developed certain abilities or proclivities at an earlier age than usual
callow
(esp. of a young person) inexperienced and immature
pundit
an expert in a particular subject or field who is frequently called on to give opinions about it to the public
insurgent
rebellious
dilettante
amateur, nonprofessional, nonspecialist, layman, layperson
ascetic
austere, self-denying, abstinent, abstemious, self-disciplined, self-abnegating; simple
monochromic
representation or reproduction in black and white or in varying tones of only one color
maverick
an unorthodox or independent-minded person
lethargy
a lack of energy and enthusiasm
tenuous(ly)
very weak or slight
The triangle inequality states that...
three lengths can be the lengths of the sides of a triangle if and only if each length is shorter than the sum of the other two lengths.
"whereby"
the meaning of which ("by which")
interloper
a person who becomes involved in a place or situation where they are not wanted or are considered not to belong
refutation
prove (a statement or theory) to be wrong or false; disprove
marginal
slight, small, tiny, minute, insignificant
staunchly
loyal and committed in attitude: a staunch supporter of the antinuclear lobby
inimitably
so good or unusual as to be impossible to copy; unique
convivial
(of an atmosphere or event) friendly, lively, and enjoyable
(of a person) cheerful and friendly; jovial
fortuitous
happening by accident or chance rather than design unanticipated, random
steadfast
resolutely or dutifully firm and unwavering: steadfast loyalty
sensationalism
(esp. in journalism) the use of exciting or shocking stories or language at the expense of accuracy, in order to provoke public interest or excitement
equivocated
be evasive, be noncommittal, be vague, be ambiguous, dodge the question, beat around the bush
interceded
intervene on behalf of another
ostentatious
characterized by vulgar or pretentious display; designed to impress or attract notice
bombastic
pompous, blustering, turgid, verbose, orotund, high-flown, high-sounding, overwrought, pretentious, ostentatious, grandiloquent
streamlined
efficient, smooth-running, well run, slick; time-saving, labor-saving
infighting
hidden conflict or competitiveness within an organization
boxing closer to an opponent than at arm's length.
mitigated
alleviate, reduce, diminish, lessen, weaken, lighten
jingoism
extreme patriotism, chauvinism, extreme nationalism, xenophobia, flag-waving; hawkishness, militarism, belligerence, bellicosity
ossified
become inflexible, become rigid, fossilize, calcify, rigidify, stagnate
decorous
proper, seemly, decent, becoming, befitting, tasteful; correct, appropriate, suitable, fitting; tactful
bureaucratization
make a system of government in which most of the important decisions are made by state officials rather than by elected representatives
politicized
make (someone) politically aware, esp. by persuading them of the truth of views considered radical
dictum
pronouncement, proclamation, direction, injunction, dictate, command, commandment, order, decree
pugnacious
eager or quick to argue, quarrel, or fight
aspersion
an attack on the reputation or integrity of someone or something: I don't think anyone is casting aspersions on you
perfidy
duplicity, deceit, deceitfulness, disloyalty, infidelity, faithlessness, unfaithfulness, betrayal
elliptical
cryptic, abstruse, ambiguous, obscure, oblique
credence
belief in or acceptance of something as true
irrefutable
impossible to deny or disprove
diaphanous
(esp. of fabric) light, delicate, and translucent
anomalous
deviating from what is standard, normal, or expected
variegated
multicolored, multicolor, many-colored, many-hued, polychromatic, varicolored, colorful, prismatic, rainbow, kaleidoscopic
purveyor
seller, vendor, retailer, supplier, trader, peddler, hawker
dowager
a widow with a title or property derived from her late husband
dignified elderly woman
egalitarian
of, relating to, or believing in the principle that all people are equal and deserve equal rights and opportunities
defunct
no longer existing, discontinued
supersedes
replace
acquisitive
excessively interested in acquiring money or material things
panache
flamboyant confidence of style or manner
wanton
deliberate, willful, malicious, spiteful, wicked, cruel
irascibility
having or showing a tendency to be easily angered
pliant
flexible, easily influenced
nihilistic
rejecting all religious and moral principles in the belief that life is meaningless: an embittered, nihilistic teenage
magisterial
authoritative, masterful, assured, lordly, commanding, assertive
propitiatory
win or regain the favor of (a god, spirit, or person) by doing something that pleases them: the pagans thought it was important to propitiate the gods with sacrifices
enigmatic
mysterious
ebb
dying out
veer
turn, swerve, curve, swing, sheer, career, weave, wheel; change direction, change course, go off course, deviate.
redolent
evocative, suggestive, reminiscent
waft
pass or cause to pass easily or gently through or as if through the air
*bigger the slope...
thinner the graph
*smaller the slope...
thicker the graph
scuttled
run hurriedly or furtively with short quick steps: a mouse scuttled across the floor
credulity
a tendency to be too ready to believe that something is real or true
morbidity
characterized by or appealing to an abnormal and unhealthy interest in disturbing and unpleasant subjects, esp. death and disease
innocuous
not harmful or offensive: it was an innocuous question
indomitable
impossible to subdue or defeat: a woman of indomitable spirit
astute
shrewd, sharp, acute, adroit, quick, clever
insolvent
bankrupt, ruined
autonomous
self-governing, self-ruling
obstinacy
stubbornness, inflexibility
hubris
excessive pride or self-confidence
impetuosity
acting or done quickly and without thought or care: her friend was headstrong and impetuous.
moving forcefully or rapidly: an impetuous but controlled flow of water
valor
bravery
callousness
insensitive & cruel regard toward others
y is directly proportional to x^2
means "y=kx^2"
floundered
to stumble or break down, struggle
sedate
calm
substantiated
provide evidence to support or prove the truth of
circumscribed
restricted or limited
corroborated
confirmed
debilitated
weakened
irresolute
indecisive, uncertain
officious
unwanted help, self-important, bumptious, self-assertive, overbearing, overzealous, domineering, opinionated, interfering, intrusive, meddlesome
rancorous
bitterly hated
punctilious
very careful w/ small details
myopic
short-sighted
tempered
moderated
concession
compromise, acceptance, surrender
assertion
declaration, statement
provisionary
conditional, temporary
can split polygons (ex: pentagons) into...
TRIANGLES
trivialize
treat as unimportant
placid
even-tempered, calm, tranquil, equable, unexcitable
forthrightness
(of a person or their manner or speech) direct and outspoken; straightforward and honest
despoiled
steal or violently remove valuable or attractive possessions from; plunder: the church was despoiled of its marble wall covering.
denuded
strip (something) of its covering, possessions, or assets; make bare: almost overnight the Arctic was denuded of animals.
amalgam
a mixture or blend: a curious amalgam of the traditional and the modern
estrangement
the estrangement between Vita and her family: alienation, antagonism, antipathy, disaffection, hostility, unfriendliness
imprudent
unwise, injudicious, incautious, indiscreet, misguided
occlusion
the act of blocking something or a specific blockage
quizzical
inquiring, questioning, curious
satirical
mocking, ironic, ironical, satiric, sarcastic, sardonic
ubiquity
present, appearing, or found everywhere
charlatan
cheat
nonporous
(of a substance) not allowing liquid or air to pass through it; not porous
imprecation
a spoken curse
intransigence
a stubborn refusal to change your views
desecration
to violate the sanctity of, disrespect
stagnation
still
tenuous
very weak or slight
guileless
innocent and without deception, naive
synergy
combined effort
complacent
smug, self-satisfied
perennial
everlasting, perpetual
extrapolation
to infer
NOT the "most" number
the "largest" number
NOT opposition "against"
opposition "to"
transitory
transient, temporary, brief, short, ephemeral
anachronistic
in the wrong time period
immutable
fixed, set, rigid, inflexible, permanent, established
itinerant
wanderer, traveler
teem
be full of or swarming with
ephemeral
temporary, transitory
interposed
place or insert between one thing and another
impassioned
emotional, heartfelt
indeterminate
undetermined, uncertain, unknown
orthodox
traditional
genial
friendly, affable
prosaic
ordinary, everyday
cajoling
persuade, coax
avenger
inflict harm on behalf of (oneself or someone else previously wronged or harmed): we must avenge our dead
coveted
desire, yearn for, crave
effrontery
insolent or impertinent behavior, imprudence
inhibition
1.shyness, reticence, self-consciousness
2. hinderance, obstruction
litigiousness
concerned with lawsuits or litigation
impetuousness
acting or done quickly and without thought or care: her friend was headstrong and impetuous
mediated
peacemaker
attenuated
1 attenuated fingers: thin, slender, narrow, slim, skinny, spindly, bony; rare attenuate
2 the patient's muscle activity was much attenuated: weakened, reduced, lessened, decreased, diminished, impaired
burgeoned
begin to grow or increase rapidly; flourish
lionized
celebrate, fête, glorify, honor, exalt
accosted
confront, call to, shout to, hail, address
galvanized
shock or excite (someone), typically into taking action: the urgency of his voice galvanized them into action
vilified
disparage, denigrate, defame, run down, revile, abuse
Reciprocate
respond to (a gesture or action) by making a corresponding one"the favor was reciprocated"
Flotsam
people or things that have been rejected and are regarded as worthless"the room was cleared of boxes and other flotsam"
Reconnaissance
military observation of a region to locate an enemy or ascertain strategic features"an excellent aircraft for low-level reconnaissance"
preliminary surveying or research"conducting client reconnaissance"
Tenable
able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection"such a simplistic approach is no longer tenable"
(of an office, position, scholarship, etc.) able to be held or used"the post is tenable for three years"
Impugned
dispute the truth, validity, or honesty of (a statement or motive); call into question"the father does not impugn her capacity as a good mother"
Raiment
clothing"ladies clothed in raiment bedecked with jewels"
Laconic
Talk using few words
Disingenuous
Not candid or sincere
Phlegmatic
(of a person) having an unemotional and stolidly calm disposition
Emphatic
showing or giving emphasis; expressing something forcibly and clearly"the children were emphatic that they would like to repeat the experience"
Ambivalent
Having mixed feelings
Dry humor
Subtle or understated humor
Neither "donna" nor "Mahenoor"
Believe, singular bc separated by "nor"
Preeminence
quality of having superior rank or importance
Retrenchment
cutting back on expenses
Unequivocal
clear and without a doubt
Tenuous
Thin or shaky
Ineffable
Indescribable
Incorrigible
Stubborn
Effusive
Enthusiastic
Decisive
Without doubt
Indecisive
With doubt
misnomer
a wrong or inaccurate name or designation
vector
an organism, such as an insect, that transmits pollen
precursor
a person or thing that comes before another of the same kind; a forerunner
stringent
strict, firm
recessive
withdrawn, or detached, and tending to recede
bucolic
of or relating to the pleasant aspects of the countryside and country life
prolific
plentiful, abundant
lugubrious
looking or sounding sad and dismal
sundry
various, miscellaneous
remonstrate
make a forcefully reproachful protest
lassitude
lethargy, listlessness, weariness, languor, sluggishness, tiredness, fatigue
chicanery
the use of trickery to achieve a political, financial, or legal purpose
reticent
reserved
bellicose
aggressive
profiteer
make or seek to make an excessive or unfair profit, esp. illegally or in a black market: (as noun profiteering) : the profiteering of tabloid journalists.
clairvoyant
psychic
sanctimonious
righteous, making a show of being morally superior to other people
deferential
respectful
propulsion
putting something foreward
momentum
energy, force, power
vitality
power of endurance
vertex
each angular point of a polygon, polyhedron, or other figure
perused
read, study, examine
deterrent
a thing that discourages or is intended to discourage someone from doing something
panacea
universal cure
mitigated
alleviate, reduce, diminish, lessen, weaken
bereft of
deprived of
miscreants
criminal
revisionists
often derogatory
a policy of revision or modification, esp. of Marxism on evolutionary socialist (rather than revolutionary) or pluralist principles.
• the theory or practice of revising one's attitude to a previously accepted situation or point of view.
anomilies
something that deviates from what is standard, normal, or expected
impetuous
acting or done quickly and without thought or care: her friend was headstrong and impetuous.
• moving forcefully or rapidly: an impetuous but controlled flow of water.
totalitarian
a totalitarian regime: autocratic, undemocratic, one-party, dictatorial, tyrannical, despotic, fascist, oppressive, repressive, illiberal
absolutist
the acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in political, philosophical, ethical, or theological matters
levity
lightheartedness, high spirits, vivacity, liveliness, cheerfulness, cheeriness, humor, gaiety, fun, jocularity, hilarity, frivolity
irresolute
showing or feeling hesitancy; uncertain: she stood irresolute outside his door
reverential
great respect
antipodes
direct opposites
bifurcations
the division of something into two branches or parts
dichotomies
a division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different
filial
a display of filial affection: dutiful, devoted, compliant, respectful, affectionate, loving
avuncular
1 of or relating to an uncle.
• kind and friendly toward a younger or less experienced person: an avuncular manner.
2 Anthropology of or relating to the relationship between men and their siblings' children.
convival
(of an atmosphere or event) friendly, lively, and enjoyable
(of a person) cheerful and friendly; jovial
funerary
relating to a funeral or the commemoration of the dead: funerary ceremonies
cacophonous
noisy, loud, ear-splitting, raucous, discordant, dissonant, jarring, grating, inharmonious
mellifluous
sweet-sounding, dulcet, honeyed, mellow, soft, liquid, silvery, soothing
comely
(typically of a woman) pleasant to look at; attractive
equitable
fair and impartial
precarious
those steps look a bit precarious: uncertain, insecure, unpredictable, risky, parlous, hazardous, dangerous, unsafe
abashed
embarrassed
auspicious
favorable, propitious, promising, rosy, good, encouraging
disparaging
expressing the opinion that something is of little worth; derogatory: disparaging remarks about public housing
temporize
he temporized for weeks, hoping the problem would go away: equivocate, procrastinate, play for time
dalliance
a casual romantic or sexual relationship.
• brief or casual involvement with something: Berkeley was my last dalliance with the education system.
infelicity
a thing that is inappropriate, esp. a remark or expression: she winced at their infelicities and at the clumsy way they talked.
futility
pointlessness or uselessness: the horror and futility of war
petulant
(of a person or their manner) childishly sulky or bad-tempered: he was moody and petulant | a petulant shake of the head
sedulous
diligent, careful, meticulous, thorough, assiduous
mercenary
money-oriented, grasping, greedy, acquisitive, avaricious, covetous, bribable, venal, materialistic
treacly
overly sentimental
cursory
hasty and therefore not thorough or detailed
prosaic
ordinary
consecrated
sanctify, bless, make holy, make sacred; dedicate to God
autonomy
self-rule
remiss
I would be remiss if I did not thank my sister: negligent, neglectful, irresponsible, careless, thoughtless, heedless, lax, slack, slipshod, lackadaisical
contemptuous
the contemptuous look on your face says it all: scornful, disdainful, disrespectful, insulting, insolent, derisive, mocking, sneering
conflagration
an extensive fire that destroys a great deal of land or property
quelled
1 troops quelled the unrest: put an end to, put a stop to, end, crush, put down, check, crack down on, curb, nip in the bud, squash, quash, subdue, suppress, overcome; informal squelch.
2 he quelled his misgivings: calm, soothe, pacify, settle, quiet, silence, allay, assuage, mitigate, moderate; literary stay.
ineffable
indescribable
consummate
complete
vacillated
alternate or waver between different opinions or actions; be indecisive
fidelity
faithfulness, loyalty, constancy; trueheartedness, trustworthiness, dependability
infidelity
disloyalty
polarized
divide or cause to divide into two sharply contrasting groups or sets of opinions or beliefs
vindication
clear (someone) of blame or suspicion
equitable
fair and impartial: an equitable balance of power
indictment
1 Law a formal charge or accusation of a serious crime: an indictment for conspiracy.
• the action of indicting or being indicted: the indictment of twelve people who had imported cocaine.
2 a thing that serves to illustrate that a system or situation is bad and deserves to be condemned: these rapidly escalating crime figures are an indictment of our society.
judicious
sensible
eulogy
a speech or piece of writing that praises someone or something highly, typically someone who has just died
chauvinistic
feeling or displaying aggressive or exaggerated patriotism.
• displaying excessive or prejudiced support for one's own cause, group, or sex.
concord
agreement, harmony, accord, consensus
propensity
his propensity for giving long speeches: tendency, inclination, predisposition, proneness, proclivity
formidable
inspiring fear or respect through being impressively large, powerful, intense, or capable: a formidable opponent
ambiguous
obscure, unclear
shroud
something that cloaks or covers
intermittent
intermittent bursts of gunfire: sporadic, irregular, fitful, spasmodic, broken, fragmentary
positive slope
positive infinity
negative slope
negative infinity
in quadratic function: g(x)= ax^2 + bx + c ...a affects & c affects
+a: graph open up, -a: graph open down
+c: positive y- int, -c: negative y- int
dislodge
knock or force out of position: the hoofs of their horses dislodged loose stones.
• remove from a position of power or authority: government opponents failed to dislodge the prime minister
incumbent
1 [ predic. ] (incumbent on/upon) necessary for (someone) as a duty or responsibility: it is incumbent on all decent people to concentrate on destroying this evil.
2 [ attrib. ] (of an official or regime) currently holding office: the incumbent president had been defeated.
conceded
1 [ reporting verb ] admit that something is true or valid after first denying or resisting it: [ with clause ] : I had to concede that I'd overreacted | [ with obj. ] : that principle now seems to have been conceded.
• [ with obj. ] admit (defeat) in a contest: he conceded defeat.
• [ with obj. ] admit defeat in (a contest): ready to concede the gold medal.
2 [ with obj. ] surrender or yield (something that one possesses): to concede all the territory he'd won.
• grant (a right, privilege, or demand): their rights to redress of grievances were conceded once more.
• (in sports) fail to prevent the scoring of (a goal or point) by an opponent: the coach conceded three safeties rather than kick into the wind.
• allow (a lead or advantage) to slip: he took an early lead that he never conceded.
recede
1 the floodwaters receded: retreat, go back, go down, move back, move away, withdraw, ebb, subside, abate. ANTONYMS advance, approach.
2 the lights receded into the distance: disappear from view, fade, be lost to view, pass from sight.
3 fears of violence have receded: diminish, lessen, decrease, dwindle, fade, abate, subside, ebb, wane. ANTONYMS intensify, grow.
vacillate
alternate or waver between different opinions or actions; be indecisive
joviality
cheerful and friendly: she was in a jovial mood
sedate
calm, dignified, and unhurried
trepidation
fear, apprehension, dread, fearfulness, fright, agitation, anxiety, worry, nervousness
adverse to
preventing success or development; harmful; unfavorable
jocularity
fond of or characterized by joking; humorous or playful: she sounded in a jocular mood | his voice was jocular
commensurate
corresponding in size or degree; in proportion: salary will be commensurate with experience
appraisals
an act of assessing something or someone: treatment begins with a thorough appraisal of the patient's condition | the report has been subject to appraisal.
• an expert estimate of the value of something: the final figure is just a little more than triple the appraisal.
ambivalent
having mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone: some loved her, some hated her, few were ambivalent about her | an ambivalent attitude to technology
discursive
1 dull, discursive prose: rambling, digressive, meandering, wandering, maundering, diffuse, long, lengthy, wordy, verbose, long-winded, prolix; circuitous, roundabout, circumlocutory; informal waffly.
2 an elegant discursive style: fluent, flowing, fluid, eloquent, expansive.
circuitous
(of a route or journey) longer than the most direct way: the canal followed a circuitous route | figurative : a circuitous line of reasoning.
stagnation
(of water or air) cease to flow or move; become stagnant.
• cease developing; become inactive or dull: teaching can easily stagnate into a set of routines | (as adj. stagnating) : stagnating consumer confidence.
stymied
prevent or hinder the progress of: the changes must not be allowed to stymie new medical treatments.
ephemeral
last year's ephemeral fashions: transitory, transient, fleeting, passing, short-lived, momentary, brief, short; temporary, impermanent, short-term; fly-by-night
dogmatic
inclined to lay down principles as incontrovertibly true: he gives his opinion without trying to be dogmatic.
elliptical
1 (of speech or writing) using or involving ellipsis, esp. so as to be difficult to understand: an elliptical lyrical style.
dogmatism
the tendency to lay down principles as incontrovertibly true, without consideration of evidence or the opinions of others: a culture of dogmatism and fanaticism.
liberality
1. the quality of giving or spending freely.
2.
the quality of being open to new ideas and free from prejudice.
"liberality toward bisexuality"
doctrinaire
she is by no means a doctrinaire conservative: dogmatic, rigid, inflexible, uncompromising; authoritarian, intolerant, fanatical, zealous, extreme.
autonomous
an autonomous republic: self-governing, self-ruling, self-determining, independent, sovereign, free, unmonitored.
intransigence
unwilling or refusing to change one's views or to agree about something.
fundamentalism
a form of a religion, especially Islam or Protestant Christianity, that upholds belief in the strict, literal interpretation of scripture.
• strict adherence to the basic principles of any subject or discipline: free-market fundamentalism.
efficacious
(typically of something inanimate or abstract) successful in producing a desired or intended result; effective: the vaccine has proved both efficacious and safe.
protracted
lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual: a protracted and bitter dispute.
converge
(of several people or things) come together from different directions so as eventually to meet
coinciding
1 the events coincided: occur simultaneously, happen together, be concurrent, concur, coexist.
2 their interests do not always coincide: correspond, tally, agree, accord, concur, match, fit, be consistent, equate, harmonize, be compatible
hitherto
previously, formerly, earlier, before, beforehand; so far, thus far, to date, as yet, until now
decried
denounce, condemn, criticize, censure, attack, rail against, run down
effrontery
insolent or impertinent behavior: one juror had the effrontery to challenge the coroner's decision.
adulation
obsequious flattery; excessive admiration or praise: he found it difficult to cope with the adulation of the fans.
vilified
speak or write about in an abusively disparaging manner: he has been vilified in the press.
blitheness
showing a casual and cheerful indifference considered to be callous or improper: a blithe disregard for the rules of the road.
• happy or joyous: a blithe seaside comedy.
eclectic
an eclectic mix of party music: wide-ranging, broad-based, extensive, comprehensive, encyclopedic; varied, diverse, catholic, all-embracing, multifaceted, multifarious, heterogeneous, miscellaneous, assorted.
inadvertently
without intention; accidentally: his name had been inadvertently omitted from the list.
lofty
1 of imposing height: the elegant square was shaded by lofty palms.
• of a noble or exalted nature: an extraordinary mixture of harsh reality and lofty ideals.
• proud, aloof, or self-important: lofty intellectual disdain.
2 (of wool and other textiles) thick and resilient
disseminate
spread or disperse
thresholds
1 the threshold of the church: doorstep, doorway, entrance, entry, door, gate, gateway, portal, doorsill.
2 the threshold of a new era: start, beginning, commencement, brink, verge, cusp, dawn, inception, day one, opening, debut; informal kickoff.
3 the human threshold of pain: lower limit, minimum.
clauses
a new clause in the treaty: section, paragraph, article, subsection; stipulation, condition, proviso, rider.
callous
showing or having an insensitive and cruel disregard for others: his callous comments about the murder made me shiver.
reviling
he was reviled as a traitor: criticize, censure, condemn, attack, inveigh against, rail against, castigate, lambaste, denounce; slander, libel
amenable
(of a person) open and responsive to suggestion; easily persuaded or controlled: parents who have had easy babies and amenable children.
• [ predic. ] (amenable to) (of a thing) capable of being acted upon in a particular way; susceptible to: the patients had cardiac failure not amenable to medical treatment.
soliciting
1 Phil tried to solicit his help: ask for, request, seek, apply for, put in for, call for, press for, beg, plead for.
2 they are solicited for their opinions: ask, petition, importune, implore, plead with, entreat, appeal to, lobby, beg, supplicate, call on, press; literary beseech.
deriding
the kid I used to deride in junior high is now my boss: ridicule, mock, scoff at, jibe at, make fun of, poke fun at, laugh at
cantankerous
bad-tempered, argumentative, and uncooperative: a crusty, cantankerous old man.
conspicuous
a tropical vine with conspicuous blossoms: easily seen, clear, visible, noticeable, discernible, perceptible, detectable; obvious, manifest, evident, apparent, marked
cumbersome
1 a cumbersome diving suit: unwieldy, unmanageable, awkward, clumsy, inconvenient, incommodious; bulky, large, heavy, hefty, weighty, burdensome; informal hulking, clunky.
2 cumbersome procedures: complicated, complex, involved, inefficient, unwieldy, slow.
raucous
making or constituting a disturbingly harsh and loud noise: raucous youths.
opaque
not able to be seen through; not transparent: the windows were opaque with steam.
• (esp. of language) hard or impossible to understand; unfathomable: technical jargon that was opaque to her.
discrepancy
a lack of compatibility or similarity between two or more facts: there's a discrepancy between your account and his.
disparage
regard or represent as being of little worth: he never missed an opportunity to disparage his competitors.
vindicate
clear (someone) of blame or suspicion: hospital staff were vindicated by the inquest verdict.
• show or prove to be right, reasonable, or justified: more sober views were vindicated by events.
soporific
tending to induce drowsiness or sleep: the motion of the train had a somewhat soporific effect.
• sleepy or drowsy: some medicine made her soporific.
• tediously boring or monotonous: a libel trial is in large parts intensely soporific.
hackneyed
your hackneyed arguments fail to persuade anyone: overused, overdone, overworked, worn out, timeworn, platitudinous, vapid, stale
polemical
critical, hostile, bitter, polemic, virulent, vitriolic, venomous, caustic, trenchant
fulsome
1 complimentary or flattering to an excessive degree: they are almost embarrassingly fulsome in their appreciation.
2 of large size or quantity; generous or abundant: a fulsome harvest.
inundation
1 an overwhelming abundance of people or things: we see an inundation of campaign posters.
2 flooding: the annual inundation of the Nile | areas at risk of inundation.
lauds
praise, extol, hail, applaud, acclaim, commend, sing the praises of, speak highly of
galvanized
the reverend's words galvanized our group into action: jolt, shock, startle, impel, stir, spur, prod, urge, motivate, stimulate
licentiousness
1 promiscuous and unprincipled in sexual matters.
2 archaic disregarding accepted rules or conventions, esp. in grammar or literary style.
orthodox
1 orthodox views: conventional, mainstream, conformist, established, well-established, traditional, traditionalist, prevalent, popular, conservative, unoriginal.
2 an orthodox Hindu: conservative, traditional, observant, devout, strict.
alacrity
brisk and cheerful readiness: she accepted the invitation with alacrity.
impunity
exemption from punishment or freedom from the injurious consequences of an action: the impunity enjoyed by military officers implicated in civilian killings | protesters burned flags on the streets with impunity
equanimity
mental calmness, composure, and evenness of temper, esp. in a difficult situation: she accepted both the good and the bad with equanimity.
treatise
a treatise on the principles of democracy: disquisition, essay, paper, work, exposition, discourse, dissertation, thesis, monograph, opus, oeuvre, study, critique; tract, pamphlet, account.
baleful
menacing, threatening, unfriendly, hostile, antagonistic, evil, evil-intentioned
transient
transitory, temporary, short-lived, short-term, ephemeral, impermanent, brief, short, momentary
malleable
1 a malleable substance: pliable, ductile, plastic, pliant, soft, workable. ANTONYMS hard.
2 a malleable young woman: easily influenced, suggestible, susceptible, impressionable, pliable, amenable, compliant, tractable; biddable, complaisant, manipulable, persuadable, like putty in someone's hands.
metropolis
the capital or chief city of a country or region
emporium
a large retail store selling a wide variety of goods
a business establishment that specializes in products or services on a large scale (often used for humorously formal effect)
constitute
be (a part) of a whole: single parents constitute a great proportion of the poor.
• (of people or things) combine to form (a whole): there were enough members present to constitute a quorum.
• be or be equivalent to (something): his failure to act constituted a breach of duty.
subsidize
support (an organization or activity) financially: it was beyond the power of a state to subsidize a business.
eschew
abstain from, refrain from, give up, forgo
contrived
forced, strained, studied, artificial, affected
dilatory
slow
dogmatic
opinionated, peremptory, assertive, insistent, emphatic, adamant, doctrinaire
ardor
approaching the project with ardor: passion, fervor, zeal, vehemence, intensity, verve, fire, emotion; enthusiasm, eagerness, avidity, gusto, keenness, dedication.
profusion
abundance
conjecture
an opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information
facetious
treating serious issues with deliberately inappropriate humor; flippant
avuncular
1 of or relating to an uncle.
• kind and friendly toward a younger or less experienced person: an avuncular manner.
2 Anthropology of or relating to the relationship between men and their siblings' children.
sanguine
optimistic, bullish, hopeful
obdurate
stubbornly refusing to change one's opinion or course of action
tractable
malleable, manageable, amenable, pliable, governable, yielding, complaisant, compliant, game, persuadable, accommodating, docile
prescient
having or showing knowledge of events before they take place: a prescient warning.
reticent
not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily: she was extremely reticent about her personal affairs.
sedulous
(of a person or action) showing dedication and diligence: he watched himself with the most sedulous care.
somnolent
sleepy; drowsy.
• causing or suggestive of drowsiness: a somnolent summer day.
• Medicine abnormally drowsy.
ubiquitous
present, appearing, or found everywhere: his ubiquitous influence was felt by all the family | cowboy hats are ubiquitous among the male singers.
incongruity
not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of something
surly
bad-tempered and unfriendly: he left with a surly expression
placid
(of a person or animal) not easily upset or excited: this horse has a placid nature.
• (esp. of a place or stretch of water) calm and peaceful, with little movement or activity: the placid waters of a small lake.
ebullient
exuberant, buoyant, cheerful, joyful, cheery, merry, jolly, sunny, jaunty, lighthearted
reticent
not revealing one's thoughts or feelings readily: she was extremely reticent about her personal affairs.
jocular
fond of or characterized by joking; humorous or playful
inscrutable
impossible to understand or interpret: Guy looked blankly inscrutable.
propitious
giving or indicating a good chance of success; favorable
resilient
(of a substance or object) able to recoil or spring back into shape after bending, stretching, or being compressed.
• (of a person or animal) able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions: the fish are resilient to most infections.
pertinent
relevant or applicable to a particular matter; apposite
poignant
evoking a keen sense of sadness or regret: a poignant reminder of the passing of time
susceptible
1 likely or liable to be influenced or harmed by a particular thing: patients with liver disease may be susceptible to infection.
• (of a person) easily influenced by feelings or emotions; sensitive: they only do it to tease him—he's too susceptible.
consummate
complete something or highly skilled
vitriolic
filled with bitter criticism or malice: vitriolic attacks on the politicians | vitriolic outbursts.
doctrinaire
dogmatic, rigid, inflexible, uncompromising; authoritarian, intolerant, fanatical, zealous, extreme
multifarious
diverse, many, numerous, various, varied, diversified, multiple, multitudinous
cataloged
a complete list of items, typically one in alphabetical or other systematic order, in particular
anachronistic
a thing belonging or appropriate to a period other than that in which it exists, esp. a thing that is conspicuously old-fashioned: everything was as it would have appeared in centuries past apart from one anachronism, a bright yellow construction crane.
• an act of attributing a custom, event, or object to a period to which it does not belong.
DERIVATIVES
extrapolated
estimate or conclude (something) by extrapolating
byzantine
situation) excessively complicated, typically involving a great deal of administrative detail: Byzantine insurance regulations.
• characterized by deviousness or underhanded procedure: Byzantine intrigues | he has the most Byzantine mind in politics.
adroit
clever or skillful in using the hands or mind: he was adroit at tax avoidance.
slipshod
careless, lackadaisical, slapdash, disorganized, haphazard, hit-or-miss, untidy
reproach
reprimand
patronage
1 art patronage: sponsorship, backing, funding, financing, promotion, assistance, support.
2 political patronage: power of appointment, favoritism, nepotism, preferential treatment, cronyism, pork-barreling.
3 thank you for your patronage: custom, trade, business.
autonomy
self-gov
sophistry
the use of fallacious arguments, esp. with the intention of deceiving.
• a fallacious argument.
receptivity
able or willing to receive something, esp. signals or stimuli.
integrates
combine
curtails
reduce
proponents
advocate, champion, supporter, backer, promoter, protagonist, campaigner, booster, cheerleader.
acumen
astuteness, shrewdness, acuity, sharpness, sharp-wittedness, cleverness, smartness, brains; judgment, understanding, awareness, sense, common sense, canniness
arcane
mysterious
engender
be the cause of
dissonance
lack of harmony among musical notes
fissure
• a state of incompatibility or disagreement: the fissure between private sector business and the newly expanding public sector.
verb [ with obj. ] (usu. as adj. fissured)
split or crack (something) to form a long narrow opening: the skin becomes dry, fissured, and cracked.
effacement
erase (a mark) from a surface
make oneself appear insignificant or inconspicuous.
apolitical
not interested or involved in politics: a former apolitical housewife.
seditious
inciting or causing people to rebel against the authority of a state or monarch: the letter was declared seditious.
insurrectionists
a violent uprising against an authority or government: the insurrection was savagely put down | opposition to the new regime led to armed insurrection.
subversive
disruptive
troublemaker
nonpartisans
a lack of affiliation with a political party
corollary
consequence, result, end result, upshot, effect, repercussion, product, by-product, offshoot.
corrective
remedial
precursor
a person or thing that comes before another of the same kind; a forerunner
resolute
determined
inversely proportional
xk= y
quadrilaterals
360 degrees
proportional
y=kx
opulence
great wealth or luxuriousness
ascertain
find out, discover, get to know, work out, make out
distension
swell or cause to swell by pressure from inside
altruism
the belief in or practice of disinterested and selfless concern for the well-being of others
obsequious
obedient or attentive to an excessive or servile degree
husbandry
1 the care, cultivation, and breeding of crops and animals: crop husbandry.
2 management and conservation of resources.
stockpiling
a large accumulated stock of goods or materials, esp. one held in reserve for use at a time of shortage or other emergency
extirpation
root out and destroy completely
centennial
of or relating to a hundredth anniversary
pedagogy
the method and practice of teaching, esp. as an academic subject or theoretical concept
tout
1 street merchants were touting their wares: peddle, sell, hawk, offer for sale, promote.
2 cab drivers were touting for business: solicit, seek, drum up; ask for, petition for, appeal for.
3 she's being touted as the next party leader: recommend, speak of, extol, advocate, talk of; predict.
tandem
a bicycle with seats and pedals for two riders, one behind the other.
• a carriage driven by two animals harnessed one in front of the other.
• a group of two people or machines working together.
empirical
experimental
modicum
small amount
plaudits
praise
pathos
tragedy
countenance
1 a person's face or facial expression: his impenetrable eyes and inscrutable countenance give little away.
2 support: she was giving her specific countenance to the occasion.
verb [ with obj. ]
admit as acceptable or possible: he was reluctant to countenance the use of force.
pervasive
prevalent
insofar
to the extent that: he decided that philosophy spoke of personal problems only insofar as they illustrated general ones.
stratified
form or arrange into strata: socially stratified cities | [ no obj. ] : the residues have begun to stratify.
fitful
fitful night's sleep: intermittent, sporadic, spasmodic, broken, disturbed, disrupted, patchy, irregular, uneven, unsettled; informal herky-jerky.
rudimentary
basic, elementary, primary, fundamental, essential
insipid
asteless, flavorless, bland, weak, wishy-washy; unappetizing, unpalatable. ANTONYMS tasty.
2 insipid pictures: unimaginative, uninspired, uninspiring, characterless, flat, uninteresting, lackluster, dull, drab, boring, dry, humdrum, ho-hum, monochrome, tedious, uneventful, run-of
soporific
1 soporific drugs: sleep-inducing, sedative, somnolent, calmative, tranquilizing, narcotic, opiate; drowsy, sleepy, somniferous; Medicine hypnotic. ANTONYMS invigorating.
2 a soporific TV drama: boring, tedious, tired, dreary, turgid, dry
odoriferous
having or giving off a smell, esp. an unpleasant or distinctive one: spicily concocted with odoriferous herbs
archaic
very old or old-fashioned
tactile
of or connected with the sense of touch: vocal and visual signals become less important as tactile signals intensify.
• perceptible by touch or apparently so; tangible: she had a distinct, almost tactile memory.
• designed to be perceived by touch: tactile exhibitions help blind people enjoy the magic of sculpture.
adroitness
cleverness or skill: he lacks political adroitness.
hilarity
extreme amusement
ignominy
public shame or disgrace
finesse
1 intricate and refined delicacy: orchestral playing of great finesse.
• artful subtlety, typically that needed for tactful handling of a difficulty: clients want advice and action that calls for considerable finesse.
2 (in bridge and whist) an attempt to win a trick with a card that is not a certain winner.
verb [ with
rectitude
morally correct behavior or thinking; righteousness: Maddie is a model of rectitude.
quadratic function
is a parabola
forestall
prevent or obstruct (an anticipated event or action) by taking action ahead of time
ramshackle
(esp. of a house or vehicle) in a state of severe disrepair: a ramshackle cottage
bequeath
pass (something) on or leave (something) to someone else
exploit
make full use of and derive benefit from (a resource)
finesse
1 intricate and refined delicacy: orchestral playing of great finesse.
• artful subtlety, typically that needed for tactful handling of a difficulty: clients want advice and action that calls for considerable finesse.
2 (in bridge and whist) an attempt to win a trick with a card that is not a certain winner.
divulge
disclose, make known
hedonistic
engaged in the pursuit of pleasure; sensually self-indulgent: a hedonistic existence of drink, drugs, and parties.
deride
express contempt for; ridicule
vindicate
clear (someone) of blame or suspicion: hospital staff were vindicated by the inquest verdict; exonerate
annotate
add notes to (a text or diagram) giving explanation or comment
invigorate
give strength or energy to: the shower had invigorated her
aggrandize
increase the power, status, or wealth of: an action intended to aggrandize the Frankish dynasty.
• enhance the reputation of (someone) beyond what is justified by the facts: he hoped to aggrandize himself by dying a hero's death.
debilitate
weaken
corroborating
confirm or give support to (a statement, theory, or finding)
hackneyed
overused, overdone, overworked
backlash
1 [ in sing. ] a strong and adverse reaction by a large number of people, esp. to a social or political development: a public backlash against racism.
2 recoil arising between parts of a mechanism.
• degree of play between parts of a mechanism.
bromide
trite and unoriginal idea or remark, typically intended to soothe or placate: feel-good bromides create the illusion of problem solving.
recourse
option, possibility, alternative, resort, way out, hope, remedy, choice, expedient.
reckoning
1 by my reckoning, this comes to $2 million: calculation, estimation, count, computation, working out, summation, addition.
2 by her reckoning, the train was late: opinion, view, judgment, evaluation, estimate, estimation.
3 the terrible reckoning that he deserved: retribution, fate, doom, nemesis, punishment.
PHRASES
day of reckoning I promise you, the enemy w
forbearance
patient self-control; restraint and tolerance
imbued
inspire or permeate with a feeling or quality: the entire performance was imbued with sparkle and elan.
rescind
revoke, cancel, or repeal (a law, order, or agreement): the government eventually rescinded the directive.
consort
a wife, husband, or companion, in particular the spouse of a reigning monarch.
entangled
cause to become twisted together with or caught in: fish attempt to swim through the mesh and become entangled.
• involve (someone) in difficulties or complicated circumstances from which it is difficult to escape: the case of murder in which she had found herself so painfully entangled.
embroiled
involve (someone) deeply in an argument, conflict, or difficult situation: she became embroiled in a dispute between two women she hardly knew | the movie's about a journalist who becomes embroiled with a nightclub owner.
• bring into a state of confusion or disorder
quash
cancel, put an end to
reproach
address (someone) in such a way as to express disapproval or disappointment
distance formula
preachy
moralistic
vagary
an unexpected and inexplicable change in a situation or in someone's behavior: the vagaries of the weather.
bereavement
be deprived of a loved one through a profound absence, esp. due to the loved one's death
degeneration
the state or process of being or becoming degenerate; decline or deterioration: overgrazing has caused serious degeneration of grassland.
ornamentation
things added to something to provide decoration: a baroque chandelier with plasterwork ornamentation.
avocation
a hobby or minor occupation
contingency
a future event or circumstance that is possible but cannot be predicted with certainty
mediated
peacemaker, resolve
prolific
plentiful
perverse
awkward, illogical
shopworn
(of an article) made dirty or imperfect by being displayed or handled in a store
austerity
severity, strictness, seriousness, solemnity, gravity; frugality, thrift, economy, asceticism; self-discipline, abstinence, sobriety, restraint, chastity; starkness.
virtuosity
skillful
decried
publicly denounce
rhapsodize
speak or write about someone or something with great enthusiasm and delight: he began to rhapsodize about Gaby's beauty and charm.
auxiliaries
providing supplementary or additional help and support
synchrony
simultaneous action, development, or occurrence.
dichotomize
regard or represent as divided or opposed
mediation
intervention in a dispute in order to resolve it; arbitration: the parties have sought mediation and it has failed.
• intervention in a process or relationship; intercession: they are offering sacrifice and mediation between God and man.
trepidation
fear
revelry
lively and noisy festivities, esp. when these involve drinking a large amount of alcohol
precipitous
steep or sudden
officious
assertive of authority in an annoyingly domineering way, esp. with regard to petty or trivial matters
ardent
enthusiastic or passionate
inhibited
unable to act in a relaxed and natural way because of self-consciousness or mental restraint
provincialism
1 the way of life or mode of thought characteristic of the regions outside the capital city of a country, esp. when regarded as unsophisticated or narrow-minded.
• narrow-mindedness, insularity, or lack of sophistication: the myopic provincialism of women's studies.
2 concern for one's own area or region at the expense of national or supranational unity.
explications
analyze and develop (an idea or principle) in detail
milieu
a person's social environment: he grew up in a military milieu.
compulsive
obsessive
reticent
reserved
contentious
causing or likely to cause an argument; controversial
invectives
an abusive expression or speech
genteel
polite, refined, or respectable, often in an affected or ostentatious way
arboretum
a botanical garden devoted to trees
menagerie
a collection of wild animals kept in captivity for exhibition
astute
smart
obstinate
stubborn
cerebral
intellectual
unassailable
unable to be attacked, questioned, or defeated: an unassailable lead.
genially
friendly and cheerful
cavalcade
procession
scathing
witheringly scornful; severely critical
bucolic
of or relating to the pleasant aspects of the countryside and country life
vivacious
(esp. of a woman) attractively lively and animated
sanguine
optimistic
tenuous
very weak or slight
destitution
poverty so extreme that one lacks the means to provide for oneself: the family faced eviction and destitution
archaic
very old or old-fashioned
florid
1 having a red or flushed complexion: a stout man with a florid face.
2 elaborately or excessively intricate or complicated: florid operatic-style music was out.
• (of language) using unusual words or complicated rhetorical constructions: the florid prose of the nineteenth century.
economizing
spend less; reduce one's expenses
elucidates
make (something) clear; explain
perverse
awkward & Illogical
despondent
in low spirits from loss of hope or courage
disparaging
expressing the opinion that something is of little worth; derogatory
conscientious
even Douglas, the most conscientious worker in our department, was laid off: diligent, industrious, punctilious, painstaking, sedulous, assiduous, dedicated
prodigious
remarkably or impressively great in extent, size, or degree
copious
abundant in supply or quantity
tumultuous
loud
curtail
reduce in extent or quantity; impose a restriction on
leery
cautious or wary due to realistic suspicions: a city leery of gang violence
clandestine
kept secret or done secretively, esp. because illicit: she deserved better than these clandestine meetings.
gargantuan
huge
permeated
pervade, spread through
florid
1 a florid complexion: ruddy, red, red-faced, rosy, rosy-cheeked, pink; flushed, blushing, high-colored; archaic sanguine. ANTONYMS pale.
2 florid plasterwork: ornate, fancy, elaborate, embellished, curlicued, extravagant, flamboyant, baroque, rococo, fussy, busy. ANTONYMS plain.
3 florid prose: flowery, flamboyant, high-flown, high-sounding, grandiloquent, ornate, fancy, bombastic, elaborate, turgid, pleonastic; informal highfalutin; rare fustian. ANTONYMS plain.
conspicuous
visible
inconspicuous
not clearly visible or attracting attention; not conspicuous: an inconspicuous red-brick building.
incongruous
not in harmony or keeping with the surroundings or other aspects of something
recursive
characterized by recurrence or repetition
contemporaneous
existing or occurring in the same period of time: Pythagoras was contemporaneous with Buddha
tenacity
persistence, determination, perseverance, doggedness, strength of purpose, tirelessness, indefatigability
acquisition
an asset or object bought or obtained, typically by a library or museum
predilection
a preference or special liking for something; a bias in favor of something
amenable
(of a person) open and responsive to suggestion; easily persuaded or controlled: parents who have had easy babies and amenable children
avaricious
greed
cantankerous
bad-tempered, argumentative, and uncooperative: a crusty, cantankerous old man
unmarred
not impaired
pernicious
having a harmful effect, esp. in a gradual or subtle way
unequivocal
leaving no doubt; unambiguous: an unequivocal answer
penitent
feeling or showing sorrow and regret for having done wrong; repentant: a penitent expression
transience
the state or fact of lasting only for a short time; transitory nature: the transience of life and happiness
evanescence
soon passing out of sight, memory, or existence; quickly fading or disappearing
constituents
1 being a part of a whole: the constituent minerals of the rock.
2 being a voting member of a community or organization and having the power to appoint or elect: the constituent body has a right of veto
resolute
admirably purposeful, determined, and unwavering
despotic
of or typical of a despot; tyrannical: a despotic regime
sanctioned
a threatened penalty for disobeying a law or rule
indiscriminate
done at random or without careful judgment
pluralistic
two coexist
impelled
drive, force, or urge (someone) to do something: financial difficulties impelled him to desperate measures
impetus
the force or energy with which a body moves
cataclysmic
relating to or denoting a violent natural event
feverish
having or showing the symptoms of a fever: he suffered from feverish colds.
• displaying a frenetic excitement or energy: the next couple of weeks were spent in a whirl of feverish activity.
cursory
hasty and therefore not thorough or detailed: a cursory glance at the figures.
statute
a written law passed by a legislative body
inane
silly; stupid
callously
showing or having an insensitive and cruel disregard for others
lofty
tall, of imposing height
complacent
smug
precursor
a person or thing that comes before another of the same kind; a forerunner
castigated
reprimand (someone) severely
pertinent
relevant or applicable to a particular matter; apposite: she asked me a lot of very pertinent questions
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